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Subject-Verb and Modifier Identification in RC

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Joined: 25 Sep 2012
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Concentration: General Management
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Subject-Verb and Modifier Identification in RC [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2012, 08:53
Hi Experts,

I read in some RC notes that it is very helpful to identify subject-verb and modifier in Reading Comprehension. Given the complex statements of GMAT RCs, I see that the knowledge of SV-M could be used to identify who....what...why...how details of the action, however I am not able to fully grasp(and apply) this concept on my own.


please explain the correct usage to SV nd M identification in comprehending RCs


BTW My strategy for RC is to make short notes(RC diagram I call it)



sample passage

from the notes where the above stated concept was mentioned:

Adjective (A), Past Participle (PP), Present Participle (PR-P), Noun (N), Gerund (G),
Verb (V)

During (Prep) the nineteenth (A) century (N), occupational (A) information (N) about women
that was provided (Passive Verb) by the United States (A) census (N) —a population (A)
count (N) conducted (PP) each decade—became (V) more detailed (A) and precise (A) in
response to social (A) changes (N). Through 1840, simple (A) enumeration (N) by household
(N) mirrored (V) a home-based (A) agricultural (A) economy (N) and hierarchical (A) social
(A) order (N): the head (N) of the household (N) (presumed male or absent) was specified
(Passive Verb) by name, whereas other (A) household (A) members (N) were only indicated
(Passive Verb) by the total (A) number (N) of persons (N) counted (PP) in various (A)
categories (N), including (PR-P) occupational (A) categories (N). Like farms (N), most
enterprises (N) were family-run (Passive Verb), so that the census (N) measured (V)
economic (A) activity (N) as an attribute (N) of the entire (A) household (N), rather than of
individuals (N).
The 1850 (A) census (N), partly responding (PR-P) to antislavery (A) and women's-rights (A)
movements (N), initiated (V) the collection (N) of specific (A) information (N) about each
individual (N) in a household (N). Not until 1870 was occupational (A) information (N)
analyzed (Passive Verb) by gender (N): the census (A) superintendent (N) reported (V) 1.8
million women (N) employed (PP) outside the home (N) in "gainful (A) and reputable (A)
occupations (N)." In addition, he arbitrarily attributed (V) to each family one woman "keeping
(PR-P) house (N)." Overlap (N) between the two groups (N) was not calculated (Passive
Verb) until 1890, when the rapid (A) entry (N) of women (N) into the paid (PP) labor (A) force
(N) and social (A) issues (N) arising (PR-P) from industrialization (N) were causing (V)
women's (A) advocates (N) and women (A) statisticians (N) to press (Verb – infinitive) for
more thorough (A) and accurate (A) accounting (G) of women's (A) occupations (N) and wages
(N).
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Re: Subject-Verb and Modifier Identification in RC [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2012, 21:54
1
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Expert's post
Maverick04308 wrote:
Hi Experts,

I read in some RC notes that it is very helpful to identify subject-verb and modifier in Reading Comprehension. Given the complex statements of GMAT RCs, I see that the knowledge of SV-M could be used to identify who....what...why...how details of the action, however I am not able to fully grasp(and apply) this concept on my own.


please explain the correct usage to SV nd M identification in comprehending RCs


BTW My strategy for RC is to make short notes(RC diagram I call it)



sample passage

from the notes where the above stated concept was mentioned:

Adjective (A), Past Participle (PP), Present Participle (PR-P), Noun (N), Gerund (G),
Verb (V)

During (Prep) the nineteenth (A) century (N), occupational (A) information (N) about women
that was provided (Passive Verb) by the United States (A) census (N) —a population (A)
count (N) conducted (PP) each decade—became (V) more detailed (A) and precise (A) in
response to social (A) changes (N). Through 1840, simple (A) enumeration (N) by household
(N) mirrored (V) a home-based (A) agricultural (A) economy (N) and hierarchical (A) social
(A) order (N): the head (N) of the household (N) (presumed male or absent) was specified
(Passive Verb) by name, whereas other (A) household (A) members (N) were only indicated
(Passive Verb) by the total (A) number (N) of persons (N) counted (PP) in various (A)
categories (N), including (PR-P) occupational (A) categories (N). Like farms (N), most
enterprises (N) were family-run (Passive Verb), so that the census (N) measured (V)
economic (A) activity (N) as an attribute (N) of the entire (A) household (N), rather than of
individuals (N).
The 1850 (A) census (N), partly responding (PR-P) to antislavery (A) and women's-rights (A)
movements (N), initiated (V) the collection (N) of specific (A) information (N) about each
individual (N) in a household (N). Not until 1870 was occupational (A) information (N)
analyzed (Passive Verb) by gender (N): the census (A) superintendent (N) reported (V) 1.8
million women (N) employed (PP) outside the home (N) in "gainful (A) and reputable (A)
occupations (N)." In addition, he arbitrarily attributed (V) to each family one woman "keeping
(PR-P) house (N)." Overlap (N) between the two groups (N) was not calculated (Passive
Verb) until 1890, when the rapid (A) entry (N) of women (N) into the paid (PP) labor (A) force
(N) and social (A) issues (N) arising (PR-P) from industrialization (N) were causing (V)
women's (A) advocates (N) and women (A) statisticians (N) to press (Verb – infinitive) for
more thorough (A) and accurate (A) accounting (G) of women's (A) occupations (N) and wages
(N).


Unlike 2-3 line SC questions, RC passages are long. You cannot focus on the role being played by each word. Else you will spend half an hour analyzing just one passage. Try to read regularly to increase your speed and comprehension. You will be able to get most of the passage. If there is a question based on a particular sentence, you can go back to it and analyze the sentence properly. What is the verb? What is the subject? Ignore the modifiers to understand the basic skeleton of the sentence etc. Breaking apart the sentence is a strategy useful for SC. It should be used only rarely in RC.
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Re: Subject-Verb and Modifier Identification in RC   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2012, 21:54
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