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Subject- Verb Confusion; Now I feel confused about English

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Eternal Intern
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Subject- Verb Confusion; Now I feel confused about English [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2003, 12:20
15. Biologists believe that they have found one of the
substances (that tell individual genes both when to
become active and when to remain) quiescent in the
earliest phases of an embryo's development.

(A) tell individual genes both when to become
active and when to remain
(B) tell individual genes both at which time they
should become active or should remain
(C) tells individual genes both when to become
active or remain
(D) tells individual genes both when to become
active or when to remain
(E) will tell an individual gene both about when it
should become active and remain


I thought the subject here refers to (one ) and the verb should be ( tells) . But apparently, the subject is (substances) and (tells) is the verb.
Is it because both can tell individual genes what to do.


Legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario requires of both public and private employers ( that pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requiring comparable skill that are ) usually held by men.

of both public and private employers that pay be( plural).

VT
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Re: Subject- Verb Confusion; Now I feel confused about Engli [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2003, 13:13
First things first. Know what relative pronoun means.

Relative pronouns are pronouns which introduce a relative clause which says more abt the noun or in other words its antecendent. Examples of relative pronoun are "that", "which", "who", "whoom",etc.

Now always remember relative pronouns are placed as close to the antecedent as possible. If that is not the case then the whole meaning gets distorted.

Consider this...

Rob has a dog whose name is tommy.

Now whose is a relative clause. So, whose clearly refers to its antecedent dog.

Consider this..

Rob's dog met with an accident whose name is tommy.

Now, you see the antecedent of whose is accident and not dog.

So the meaning of the sentence is totally distorted and hence you leanr one thing always have the relative pronoun placed as close as possible to the antecedent.

Now your example

Curly05 wrote:
I thought the subject here refers to (one ) and the verb should be ( tells) . But apparently, the subject is (substances) and (tells) is the verb.
Is it because both can tell individual genes what to do.

VT


One of the substances that tell individual genes.

So from our rule which we leanrt above, we know that refers to it antecedent substances and not ONE.

So verb will be plural and that is "tell" in this case.


HTH!!!
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Good job [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2003, 17:43
:punk

Good show!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

What are you doing this weekend?
Good job   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2003, 17:43
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