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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an

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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink] New post 05 Apr 2012, 13:16
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A
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D
E

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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system's ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A)

B) an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system's capability of dealing

C) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing

D) a specailly serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the repiratory system to deal

E) a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system's ability to deal




In D, does " the capability of the respiratory system to deal with" sound awkward?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: GWD #1 Verbal 8 [#permalink] New post 05 Apr 2012, 13:42
Answer choice D does sound a little awkward, but I think the bigger issue is the difference between "especially" and "specially"

http://englishplus.com/grammar/00000287.htm

That site is a pretty quick description of the difference, but basically you use especially to describe something that has an extraordinary characteristic (as in this case, the pollutant is extraordinarily serious). Specially is used when the thing you are describing has a purpose to be described that way (those shoes were specially made for running.)
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Re: GWD #1 Verbal 8 [#permalink] New post 05 Apr 2012, 13:55
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If you replace the word "capability" with "ability" you're left with "ability of the respiratory system to deal with..." - similar to "the respiratory system's ability to deal with..."

On the GMAT the answer will be the "best" answer choice. Simpler is better on the GMAT exam. THe use of ability vs capability can be debatable - but what is clear is that "the respiratory system's ability to deal with" is simpler than the "ability of the respiratory system to deal with..."

It eliminates many phrases that end in "OF", for example "capability OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM" to deal with. The topic here is "ability" so by rephrasing as "respiratory system's ability to deal with..." we capture it in the simplest way - which is preferred for the GMAT.
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Re: GWD #1 Verbal 8   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2012, 13:55
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