Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 26 May 2016, 03:09

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 412
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 149 [0], given: 0

Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jun 2008, 11:33
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

71% (01:35) correct 29% (01:13) wrong based on 16 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

What is the difference between CAPABILITY and ABILITY?
SVP
Joined: 30 Apr 2008
Posts: 1888
Location: Oklahoma City
Schools: Hard Knocks
Followers: 39

Kudos [?]: 524 [0], given: 32

Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jun 2008, 11:39
lexis wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

What is the difference between CAPABILITY and ABILITY?

In my opinion, the difference is very little. Here are the definitions I looked up:

a·bil·i·ty Audio Help /əˈbɪlɪti/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[uh-bil-i-tee] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–noun, plural -ties. 1. power or capacity to do or act physically, mentally, legally, morally, financially, etc.
2. competence in an activity or occupation because of one's skill, training, or other qualification: the ability to sing well.
3. abilities, talents; special skills or aptitudes: Composing music is beyond his abilities.

ca·pa·bil·i·ty Audio Help /ˌkeɪpəˈbɪlɪti/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[key-puh-bil-i-tee] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–noun, plural -ties. 1. the quality of being capable; capacity; ability: His capability was unquestionable.
2. the ability to undergo or be affected by a given treatment or action: the capability of glass in resisting heat.
3. Usually, capabilities. qualities, abilities, features, etc., that can be used or developed; potential: Though dilapidated, the house has great capabilities.

Hope this helps
_________________

------------------------------------
J Allen Morris
**I'm pretty sure I'm right, but then again, I'm just a guy with his head up his a.

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1820
Location: New York
Followers: 30

Kudos [?]: 702 [0], given: 5

Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jun 2008, 13:52
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
lexis wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

What is the difference between CAPABILITY and ABILITY?

I will pick D here.

Capability Vs ability (Source: internet)
Whenever possible, try to make your choice of words precise. Use ability for a skill or an aptitude (especially when referring to people):

Because of his speaking ability, he received many invitations to give keynote addresses at the society's conferences.

Use capability to describe a wider range of functions or an untested skill or function:

The capabilities of this new frequency band make it attractive for several applications.
_________________

Smiling wins more friends than frowning

SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1820
Location: New York
Followers: 30

Kudos [?]: 702 [0], given: 5

Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jun 2008, 03:14
lexis wrote:
Sorry! D is NOT correct.

oh!! Does "it" has no clear referent here? it can refer to "Sulfer dioxide" or "pollutant"

Thanks
_________________

Smiling wins more friends than frowning

Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 291
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 81 [0], given: 0

Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jun 2008, 03:46
Tough I am not sure "capability-ability" issue.
But I don't agree that "it" has not clear referrant! ( rep : x2suresh ).
"it" clearly refers to SO2.
Manager
Joined: 22 May 2007
Posts: 217
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 60 [0], given: 0

Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jun 2008, 04:22
I found this on the web----

capability often refers to one's maximum ability, to one's limits of capacity for doing/accomplishing something;

on the other hand, ability is more applicable to the generic, non-quantifiable quality of being able to do something/capable of doing something
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2007
Posts: 285
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 46 [0], given: 0

Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jun 2008, 21:56
lexis wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

What is the difference between CAPABILITY and ABILITY?

Guys, don't you think that it's the choice between especially/specially rather than ability/capability? Specially is used for a particular purpose. Especially is used for emphasis. So here, I believe A is the right choice.
Director
Joined: 05 Jan 2008
Posts: 701
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 264 [0], given: 0

Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2008, 01:05
A for me...

it has to be to deal with..

thus B & C are out.

amongst A,D,E -> "a specially serious pollutant" sounds awkward

thus A for me
_________________

Persistence+Patience+Persistence+Patience=G...O...A...L

Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 156
Schools: Kellogg(A), Wharton(W), Columbia(D)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2008, 02:28
sanjay_gmat wrote:

Guys, don't you think that it's the choice between especially/specially rather than ability/capability? Specially is used for a particular purpose. Especially is used for emphasis. So here, I believe A is the right choice.

I agree. I also don't think it is about CAPABILITY and ABILITY.
First I eliminated specially because it does not fit here.

Then

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing

Highlighted fragments of B and C both sounded awkward and wordy.
So I picked A.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 7649
Followers: 709

Kudos [?]: 144 [0], given: 0

Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Dec 2015, 12:17
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an   [#permalink] 21 Dec 2015, 12:17
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an 6 31 Aug 2010, 20:33
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an 1 25 Oct 2009, 04:05
8 Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an 18 19 May 2009, 07:02
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an 5 06 Aug 2008, 18:33
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an 8 09 Oct 2007, 16:42
Display posts from previous: Sort by