Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an

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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2008, 10:33
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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

What is the difference between CAPABILITY and ABILITY?
If you have any questions
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Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2008, 10:39
lexis wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

What is the difference between CAPABILITY and ABILITY?

In my opinion, the difference is very little. Here are the definitions I looked up:

a·bil·i·ty Audio Help /əˈbɪlɪti/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[uh-bil-i-tee] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–noun, plural -ties. 1. power or capacity to do or act physically, mentally, legally, morally, financially, etc.
2. competence in an activity or occupation because of one's skill, training, or other qualification: the ability to sing well.
3. abilities, talents; special skills or aptitudes: Composing music is beyond his abilities.

ca·pa·bil·i·ty Audio Help /ˌkeɪpəˈbɪlɪti/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[key-puh-bil-i-tee] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–noun, plural -ties. 1. the quality of being capable; capacity; ability: His capability was unquestionable.
2. the ability to undergo or be affected by a given treatment or action: the capability of glass in resisting heat.
3. Usually, capabilities. qualities, abilities, features, etc., that can be used or developed; potential: Though dilapidated, the house has great capabilities.

Hope this helps
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Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2008, 12:52
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lexis wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

What is the difference between CAPABILITY and ABILITY?

I will pick D here.

Capability Vs ability (Source: internet)
Whenever possible, try to make your choice of words precise. Use ability for a skill or an aptitude (especially when referring to people):

Because of his speaking ability, he received many invitations to give keynote addresses at the society's conferences.

Use capability to describe a wider range of functions or an untested skill or function:

The capabilities of this new frequency band make it attractive for several applications.
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Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2008, 02:14
lexis wrote:
Sorry! D is NOT correct.

oh!! Does "it" has no clear referent here? it can refer to "Sulfer dioxide" or "pollutant"

Thanks
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Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2008, 02:46
Tough I am not sure "capability-ability" issue.
But I don't agree that "it" has not clear referrant! ( rep : x2suresh ).
"it" clearly refers to SO2.
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Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2008, 03:22
I found this on the web----

capability often refers to one's maximum ability, to one's limits of capacity for doing/accomplishing something;

on the other hand, ability is more applicable to the generic, non-quantifiable quality of being able to do something/capable of doing something
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Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2008, 20:56
lexis wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

What is the difference between CAPABILITY and ABILITY?

Guys, don't you think that it's the choice between especially/specially rather than ability/capability? Specially is used for a particular purpose. Especially is used for emphasis. So here, I believe A is the right choice.
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Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 00:05
A for me...

it has to be to deal with..

thus B & C are out.

amongst A,D,E -> "a specially serious pollutant" sounds awkward

thus A for me
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Re: SC: ability vs. capability [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 01:28
sanjay_gmat wrote:

Guys, don't you think that it's the choice between especially/specially rather than ability/capability? Specially is used for a particular purpose. Especially is used for emphasis. So here, I believe A is the right choice.

I agree. I also don't think it is about CAPABILITY and ABILITY.
First I eliminated specially because it does not fit here.

Then

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing

Highlighted fragments of B and C both sounded awkward and wordy.
So I picked A.
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2015, 11:17
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an   [#permalink] 21 Dec 2015, 11:17
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