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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an

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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2009, 07:02
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A
B
C
D
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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:44) correct 35% (00:38) wrong based on 285 sessions

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gmatee wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

(A) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal

(B) an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing

(C) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing

(D) a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal

(E) a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal


between A and D , I choose A for 'ability to deal' sounded better.

IMO A.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2009, 07:07
IMO A

Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

(A) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal --> ability to sounds idiomatic. Besides, no grammatical or ambiguous modifier errors. Hence, the best

(B) an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing --> because of ... sounds ambiguous: what cause the diminish ?

(C) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing -->capability ... in dealing sounds unidiomatic. I think it should be capability of

(D) a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal -->unidiomatic: capability ... to

(E) a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal -->same error as B's
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2009, 07:10
Yup, its between A & D.

A has the correct idiom : ability to, but I'm consfused between "an especially Vs a specially". So I chose D :)
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2009, 15:35
It can't be A,C, or D.

IT can refer to sulfur dioxide or aCid rain.

This leaves B and E.

Is it especially or specially?

Especially - something that is "common/more likely", vs specially - something that is "special" in nature.

I'd go with B, as it seems to fit better in the context of the sentence.
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2009, 05:36
What happend to the original poster and post? where did he go without posting the OA?
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2009, 06:22
ugimba wrote:
What happend to the original poster and post? where did he go without posting the OA?


I've noticed, most of his posts have been deleted. :s
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2009, 18:43
bigfernhead wrote:
It can't be A,C, or D.

IT can refer to sulfur dioxide or aCid rain.

This leaves B and E.

Is it especially or specially?

Especially - something that is "common/more likely", vs specially - something that is "special" in nature.

I'd go with B, as it seems to fit better in the context of the sentence.


But does not the fact that Sulphur Dioxide is the clear subject make IT correspond to it? I would have gone with A too.

hmmmm
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2009, 10:30
Let me chip in

OA is A
Gmat prep question.

Is ability of same as capability of ?

Minheequang wrote:
IMO A

Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

(A) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal --> ability to sounds idiomatic. Besides, no grammatical or ambiguous modifier errors. Hence, the best

(B) an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing --> because of ... sounds ambiguous: what cause the diminish ?

(C) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing -->capability ... in dealing sounds unidiomatic. I think it should be capability of

(D) a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal -->unidiomatic: capability ... to

(E) a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal -->same error as B's

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2010, 10:28
A for me.

"ability to deal" is correct

"capability in dealing" is unidiomatic.
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2010, 12:31
seekmba wrote:
A for me.

"ability to deal" is correct

"capability in dealing" is unidiomatic.


And whats wrong with D??
Many thanks.
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2010, 21:23
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IMO A.

I faced the same question when I was taking the paper based SETS..
"ability to" is preferred to "capability of" .. Hence only A and E remain..

Between these 2, A is the better choice
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2011, 11:38
i vote for D

dont anderstand why the D is incorrect.
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2011, 16:50
ugimba wrote:
gmatee wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

(A) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal

(B) an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing

(C) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing

(D) a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal

(E) a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal


between A and D , I choose A for 'ability to deal' sounded better.

IMO A.


Can someone please explain why It has clear antecendent as "SO2". and why can not it refer to pollutants ?

This sentence is Incorrect .
INCORRECT :John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business because he felt that the residents of the city would be willing to pay for the same.

Here He can refer to John or Jerry
Thanks in Advance.

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2011, 19:56
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+1 for A.

There are three possible antecedents of "it":

1) Sulphur dioxide

2) acid rain : the phrase containing acid rain is mentioned as a modifier(seperated by commas) - a classic middleman. It is not the subject of the sentence and if you remove it from the sentence, the sentence will still hold. Hence ruled out as antecedent.

3) pollutant: pollutant in the sentence is used as a category/type and not as a specific entity. It refers to a specific entity, hence pollutant can't be the antecedent.

So "it" indeed refers to Sulphur dioxide.

___________________________________________________________________________

INCORRECT :John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business because he felt that the residents of the city would be willing to pay for the same.

Here the issue is the ambiguous answer to the question "Who felt that the residents ....?". Was it John or was it Jerry. Since the answer can be any of the two, usage of "he" is ambiguous here.

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 12:46
snipertrader wrote:
Let me chip in

OA is A
Gmat prep question.

Is ability of same as capability of ?

Minheequang wrote:
IMO A

Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

(A) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal --> ability to sounds idiomatic. Besides, no grammatical or ambiguous modifier errors. Hence, the best

(B) an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing --> because of ... sounds ambiguous: what cause the diminish ?

(C) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing -->capability ... in dealing sounds unidiomatic. I think it should be capability of

(D) a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal -->unidiomatic: capability ... to

(E) a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal -->same error as B's

Is ability of same as capability of ? ...... both are incorrect
ability to
capability to
capable of
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 12:52
rphardu wrote:
ugimba wrote:
gmatee wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

(A) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal

(B) an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing

(C) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing

(D) a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal

(E) a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal


between A and D , I choose A for 'ability to deal' sounded better.

IMO A.


Can someone please explain why It has clear antecendent as "SO2". and why can not it refer to pollutants ?

This sentence is Incorrect .
INCORRECT :John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business because he felt that the residents of the city would be willing to pay for the same.

Here He can refer to John or Jerry
Thanks in Advance.

prep is not an absolute rule, i mean if no better option is available then i can be considered correct
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2016, 06:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an   [#permalink] 12 May 2016, 06:06
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