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Sunjunctive in summary : The subjunctive mood is used in [#permalink]
04 Jan 2010, 06:14
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Sunjunctive in summary : The subjunctive mood is used in dependent clauses that do the following: 1) express a wish; 2) begin with if and express a condition that does not exist (is contrary to fact); 3) begin with as if and as though when such clauses describe a speculation or condition contrary to fact or pretention; 4) begin with that and express a demand, requirement, request, or suggestion, proposal.
examples : · She wishes her boyfriend were here. · If Juan were more aggressive, he'd be a better hockey player. · We would have passed if we had studied harder. · He acted as if he were guilty. · I requested that he be present at the hearing.
Coutsey : One universtiy site
Question: if i want to re-write first sentence "She wishes her boyfriend were here"
'Wishes that her boyfriend be here' is not correct. The 'that...be' (or more generally, 'that...infinitive') construction is only used with words indicating a request, suggestion, or demand. So you could say that she suggests that her boyfriend be here, or that she demands that her boyfriend be here, but you cannot use 'wish' in that setup. _________________
First is with 'wish'; off the top of my head, 'wish' is the only word that uses this form. I wish that he were here. I wish that I had a million dollars Use wish, that, and the past tense of the verb; if using 'to be' as the verb, always use were, regardless of the plurality of the object. This expresses contrary-to-fact desires
Second is the conditional. If he were here, I would be happy. If I had a million dollars, I'd buy you a fur coat. It uses if, were (or rarely another past-tense verb), and would, to express a condition and a consequence that are both contrary to fact.
Third is demands, requests, and suggestions. I recommend that you work hard every day to prepare for the GMAT. I suggest that you avoid real fur coats. They're cruel. They use a word indicating an imperative to act in a contrary-to-fact manner, the word 'that', and the bare infinitive of the verb. _________________
Re: Sunjunctive in summary : The subjunctive mood is used in [#permalink]
28 Feb 2016, 23:05
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Re: Sunjunctive in summary : The subjunctive mood is used in
28 Feb 2016, 23:05