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Super confused with SC, and looks like i am still standing

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Manager
Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2011
Posts: 136
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Stanford '15
GPA: 3.61
WE: Consulting (Manufacturing)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 87

GMAT ToolKit User
Super confused with SC, and looks like i am still standing [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2012, 21:23
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Super confused with SC, and looks like i am still standing where i was when i started.
SC is getting on to me, particularly -ing modifiers - gerund, participles, adjectives, modifiers.
I tried reading explanations, which by the way consumes a lot of time, and every question in the forums seem to have different explanations and different approaches from the explainers, their are more exceptions than rules.

Is their any comprehensive guide or resource which can be read for these topics, which explains majority of rules.

Also I have some questions:
EXAMPLE: It is raining at the moment. / The dog is barking at the clown.
In these examples why is -ing form, raining and barking, a participle and not a gerund.

In, 'It is raining at the moment.' - what is the subject and what is the object.

thanks.
Director
Director
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 588
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 20

GMAT Tests User
Re: Super confused with SC [#permalink] New post 17 Dec 2012, 08:32
cumulonimbus wrote:
Super confused with SC, and looks like i am still standing where i was when i started.
SC is getting on to me, particularly -ing modifiers - gerund, participles, adjectives, modifiers.
I tried reading explanations, which by the way consumes a lot of time, and every question in the forums seem to have different explanations and different approaches from the explainers, their are more exceptions than rules.

Is their any comprehensive guide or resource which can be read for these topics, which explains majority of rules.

Also I have some questions:
EXAMPLE: It is raining at the moment. / The dog is barking at the clown.
In these examples why is -ing form, raining and barking, a participle and not a gerund.

In, 'It is raining at the moment.' - what is the subject and what is the object.

thanks.

First, you may decide to learn from someone who knows better than you by meeting at a regular period;
better still, register with a good prep if you have the money and time.
There are varied gmat learning resources online that, if care is not taken, you may get confused as to which
materials to use. You may refer here: gmat-tools-119941.html?fl=menu

Second, note that both sentences indicate actions in the present moment - the use of "IS" connotes present participles.
"is raining..." and "is barking..."
The use of "it" however, does not refer to a particular subject... Just a statement of fact.

Examples:"it" doesn't function as a pronoun in both cases:
It is true that practice makes perfect;
it is not advisable to drink alcohol while driving

With gerunds, you can simply replace the "Verb+ing" phrase with a noun. For example:
Drinking late at night IS a bad habit
Studying haphazardly can HURT your final score.
Studies have shown that swimming regularly IMPROVES one's health
_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

Manager
Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2011
Posts: 136
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Stanford '15
GPA: 3.61
WE: Consulting (Manufacturing)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 87

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Super confused with SC [#permalink] New post 17 Dec 2012, 19:11
gmatbull wrote:
cumulonimbus wrote:
Super confused with SC, and looks like i am still standing where i was when i started.
SC is getting on to me, particularly -ing modifiers - gerund, participles, adjectives, modifiers.
I tried reading explanations, which by the way consumes a lot of time, and every question in the forums seem to have different explanations and different approaches from the explainers, their are more exceptions than rules.

Is their any comprehensive guide or resource which can be read for these topics, which explains majority of rules.

Also I have some questions:
EXAMPLE: It is raining at the moment. / The dog is barking at the clown.
In these examples why is -ing form, raining and barking, a participle and not a gerund.

In, 'It is raining at the moment.' - what is the subject and what is the object.

thanks.

First, you may decide to learn from someone who knows better than you by meeting at a regular period;
better still, register with a good prep if you have the money and time.
There are varied gmat learning resources online that, if care is not taken, you may get confused as to which
materials to use. You may refer here: gmat-tools-119941.html?fl=menu

Second, note that both sentences indicate actions in the present moment - the use of "IS" connotes present participles.
"is raining..." and "is barking..."
The use of "it" however, does not refer to a particular subject... Just a statement of fact.

Examples:"it" doesn't function as a pronoun in both cases:
It is true that practice makes perfect;
it is not advisable to drink alcohol while driving

With gerunds, you can simply replace the "Verb+ing" phrase with a noun. For example:
Drinking late at night IS a bad habit
Studying haphazardly can HURT your final score.
Studies have shown that swimming regularly IMPROVES one's health



Thanks gmatbull,
Really appreciate your reply.
I hope if you can help with my basic issue -
1. In how many ways does -ing words behave - gerund/noun/noun phrase, adjective, verb, modifiers
2. When is -ing word considered a modifier? Always or not. I mean if this word exists in a sentence will it always modify some thing or are their chances when it does not act as a modifier
3. What are the types of modifiers? are they - adverbial (is it the same a Verb modifier) and noun modifier?
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1583
Followers: 1068

Kudos [?]: 2560 [0], given: 164

GMAT Tests User
Re: Super confused with SC [#permalink] New post 17 Dec 2012, 20:18
Expert's post
Hi cumulonimbus,

We offer a very comprehensive SC, CR, RC, and IR course in audio visual form. Our course is specifically designed for non-natives. We have numerous success stories to share.

We cover the modifiers in the most detailed manner. We apply a scientific meaning-based approach for SC problems. You can read our articles on verb-Ed modifiers, verb-ing modifiers, noun + noun modifiers, etc.
noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

noun-noun-modifiers-before-we-start-discussing-about-the-137292.html

usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html

verb-ing-modifiers-part-2-in-our-first-article-on-verb-ing-135567.html

We also offer a few concepts including Usage of Verb-ing modifiers for free. Just log in to e-GMAT.com, register for free and learn the free concepts in level 1 preview concepts. All concepts are replete with practice questions.

Now coming to the subject matter question, verb-ing words can function in many ways:

1. Verbs - When a verb-ing words are preceded by is/am/are/was/were and denotes an action, then it is acts as continuous tense.
For example: Tom is running after Jerry.

2. Adjectives - Some verb-ing words act as adjectives used before the noun entity.
For example: Growing children need a lot of nutrition.

3. Gerunds - Gerunds are the words that act as a noun and denotes action.
For example: Listening to music is Ria's favorite hobby.

To know about verb-ing modifiers in detail, simply log on to e-GMAT and register for free or click on the free trial button at the bottom of this page.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Super confused with SC   [#permalink] 17 Dec 2012, 20:18
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Super confused with SC, and looks like i am still standing

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