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Tabacco companies, shaken by a string of legal setbacks in

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Intern
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Joined: 09 May 2012
Posts: 16
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 7

Tabacco companies, shaken by a string of legal setbacks in [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2013, 06:09
Tabacco companies, shaken by a string of legal setbacks in the United States, but which retain strong growth prospects in the developing world, face an uncertain future.

Parallel Marker: But
Parallel Elements: Relative Pronoun
Shaken by -> Which have been shaken by
Which retain strong growth

As per solution it says "shaken" should be "which have been shaken".

Hi, while going through Manhattan GMAT SC material, I found below above:

I thought BEEN should be used in present continuous tense But here "been" is made parallel to present tense(which retain strong growth).

Can you please explain me the use of "been" in detail. I searched in google but i didnt get proper answer..
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2 KUDOS received
Director
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Status: Gonna rock this time!!!
Joined: 22 Jul 2012
Posts: 549
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q43 V34
GMAT 2: 630 Q47 V29
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
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Kudos [?]: 32 [2] , given: 562

Re: Hi!!! BEEN? [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2013, 00:16
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GC14 wrote:
Hi, while going through Manhattan GMAT SC material, I found below example:

Tabacco companies, shaken by a string of legal setbacks in the United States, but which growth prospecretain strong ts in the developing world, face an uncertain future.

Parallel Marker: But
Parallel Elements: Relative Pronoun
Shaken by -> Which have been shaken by
Which retain strong growth

As per solution it says "shaken" should be "which have been shaken".

I thought BEEN should be used in present continuous tense But here "been" is made parallel to present tense(which retain strong growth).

Can you please explain me the use of "been" in detail. I searched in google but i didnt get proper answer..


Hi GC14,
IMHO ,'Been ' can never be used in present continuous tense. It is used in present perfect/past perfect/present perfect continuous/past perfect continuous.

Examples:
present perfect : I have been shaken strongly.
past perfect : I had been shaken strongly.
present perfect continuous: I have been going to the Gym since a couple of months.
past perfect continuous: I had been going my homework regularly.



In the example you mentioned, 'Which have been shaken by' is in present perfect tense and 'which retain strong growth prospects ' is in presnet tense.
IMHO Tenses needn't be parallel. In this case, perfect tense is used to emphasize that companies have already been shakened by something and then present tense is used to generalise that they retain strong prospects. bla bla..

The change in tense is necessary to emphasize correct intended meaning..
Hope this helps. Please award kudos to encourage me.
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Re: Hi!!! BEEN?   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2013, 00:16
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