Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 22 Jul 2014, 13:36

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 770
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 74 [1] , given: 99

GMAT Tests User
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and [#permalink] New post 26 Jan 2010, 07:21
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

51% (01:57) correct 49% (00:50) wrong based on 217 sessions
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.

(A) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

(B) them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore

(C) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(D) which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(E) which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

[Reveal] Spoiler:
can some one explain the difference between option A and C? ( each of them vs each of which? )

'each of them' refers to object ( in this case, onion shaped structures?)
'each of which' referes to subjects ( in this case, taste buds?)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 12 Dec 2013, 10:46, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Oct 2009
Posts: 74
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 3

Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 26 Jan 2010, 08:37
Hi,

In this 'each of them' refers to taste cells.


Regds
Sony

_________________

A bend in the road is not the end of the road unless you fail to take a turn.....

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 316
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 189 [1] , given: 9

GMAT Tests User
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 26 Jan 2010, 08:49
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ugimba wrote:
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.

(A) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

(B) them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore

(C) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(D) which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(E) which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

can some one explain the difference between option A and C? ( each of them vs each of which? )

'each of them' refers to object ( in this case, onion shaped structures?)
'each of which' referes to subjects ( in this case, taste buds?)


if you use "each of them" you have a comma slice, since you join two independent clauses by a comma.
On the other hand using "each of which" you have a relative pronoun so no problem


The following is a problem from OG, if I remember well GMAC says that option E is a run-on

The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.
A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were
B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each,
C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been
D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each
E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been

Last edited by mikeCoolBoy on 26 Jan 2010, 11:34, edited 1 time in total.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 770
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 99

GMAT Tests User
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 26 Jan 2010, 09:36
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
if you use "each of them" you have a comma slice, since you join two independent clauses by a comma.
In the other hand using "each of which" you have a relative pronoun so no problem

thanks! that makes sense now. I though it was a modifier(after the comma either in A or C) describing taste buds, but If I see carefully, It can't be modifier since it has Sub + complete verb ..so I guess "each of which" makes better sense,but can we still call "each of which" as a relative pronoun?
This user is a Spammer and was Banned
avatar
Joined: 25 Jan 2010
Posts: 8
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 26 Jan 2010, 15:26
I like to think of "which" as a setup for extra information. Here it expands the scope of the first clause.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2009
Posts: 331
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 26 Jan 2010, 23:08
I'll go for C as according to me A has a modifier problem as in A "them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore " it seems that top of the test bud called pore but actually the opening should be termed as pore.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 770
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 99

GMAT Tests User
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 27 Jan 2010, 06:58
As many of you picked, The OA is C..

Thanks.
2 KUDOS received
Forum Moderator
Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: doing good things...
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1233
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT 1: Q V
GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.77
WE: Corporate Finance (Other)
Followers: 148

Kudos [?]: 488 [2] , given: 527

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2010, 10:28
2
This post received
KUDOS
mikeCoolBoy thank you !
I have understood why I was wrong. ( I took A).


Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.
A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore- each of them is wrong here.
B. them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore - who they ?
C. which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud - OK
D. which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud
E. which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

_________________

Follow me, if you find my explanations useful.

Audaces fortuna juvat!

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

Forum Moderator
Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: doing good things...
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1233
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT 1: Q V
GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.77
WE: Corporate Finance (Other)
Followers: 148

Kudos [?]: 488 [0], given: 527

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2010, 10:44
shrive555 wrote:
C



prove it! :)

_________________

Follow me, if you find my explanations useful.

Audaces fortuna juvat!

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Aug 2010
Posts: 193
Location: Finland
Schools: Admitted: IESE($$),HEC, RSM,Esade
WE 1: 3.5 years international
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 60 [1] , given: 18

GMAT Tests User
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2010, 12:57
1
This post received
KUDOS
Pkit wrote:
shrive555 wrote:
C



prove it! :)

I think I can prove why C is the correct answer and why we can't use "each of them".
Simple reason: How to correctly use subgroup modifiers:
Three correct uses: "Some of Which Were", "Some of Them", and "Some". Only "Some of Which..." take a verb form.
Now you can replace Some with any other indefinite pronoun, for example, let us take "Each" in place of "Some"
According to the correct usage of the subgroup modifier, we can clearly see that "each of them has" is incorrect when it should be " each of them" without the verb.
On the other hand, ""Each of Which Has" is correctly used.
This is clealry explained in the Manhattan SC Book.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Oct 2009
Posts: 74
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 3

Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2010, 21:30
shekharvineet wrote:
Pkit wrote:
shrive555 wrote:
C



prove it! :)

I think I can prove why C is the correct answer and why we can't use "each of them".
Simple reason: How to correctly use subgroup modifiers:
Three correct uses: "Some of Which Were", "Some of Them", and "Some". Only "Some of Which..." take a verb form.
Now you can replace Some with any other indefinite pronoun, for example, let us take "Each" in place of "Some"
According to the correct usage of the subgroup modifier, we can clearly see that "each of them has" is incorrect when it should be " each of them" without the verb.
On the other hand, ""Each of Which Has" is correctly used.
This is clealry explained in the Manhattan SC Book.


And you proved it...

Thanks
Sony

_________________

A bend in the road is not the end of the road unless you fail to take a turn.....

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Oct 2010
Posts: 159
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 29

GMAT Tests User
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2011, 12:42
Pkit wrote:
mikeCoolBoy thank you !
I have understood why I was wrong. ( I took A).


Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.
A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore- each of them is wrong here.
B. them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore - who they ?
C. which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud - OK
D. which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud
E. which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore


Yeah I agree with your explanations..
C is the correct one
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 May 2011
Posts: 196
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, International Business
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.6
WE: Project Management (Computer Software)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 39 [1] , given: 7

GMAT Tests User
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2011, 03:00
1
This post received
KUDOS
If I use my ear, I think

'each of them' refers to taste buds
'each of which' refers to taste cells - which fits with the intended reference

Along with this the position of "called the taste pore" is also determining the correctness of any sentence.

So I'll also go with 'C'

_________________

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-guide-to-the-official-guide-13-for-gmat-review-134210.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1727
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Followers: 63

Kudos [?]: 249 [0], given: 109

GMAT Tests User
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2011, 04:30
+1 C

Misplaced modifier. "called the taste pore" should be next to "opening" to avoid ambiguity.

_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

1 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 16 Aug 2011
Posts: 794
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
Schools: Duke '16
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
Followers: 32

Kudos [?]: 156 [1] , given: 40

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and [#permalink] New post 01 Dec 2011, 18:57
1
This post received
KUDOS
ugimba wrote:
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.

(A) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

(C) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud


can some one explain the difference between option A and C? ( each of them vs each of which? )

'each of them' refers to object ( in this case, onion shaped structures?)
'each of which' referes to subjects ( in this case, taste buds?)


I remember how to use subgroup modifier in MGMAT Sentence Correction pg 236. Use "part of them" never go with verb in active voice. Only "part of which" can go with verb in active voice. I should give you example in this book.

Right: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF WHICH WERE only recently discovered.

Right: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF THEM only recently discovered.

Right: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME only recently discovered.


PART here can be SANAM group.

Wrong: This model explains all known subatomic particles, OF WHICH SOME WERE only recently discovered.

Wrong: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF THEM WHICH WERE only recently discovered.

Wrong: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF WHICH only recently discovered.

_________________

Rules for posting in verbal gmat forum, read it before posting anything in verbal forum
Giving me + 1 kudos if my post is valuable with you :)

The more you like my post, the more you share to other's need

CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question

VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 1393
Followers: 200

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and [#permalink] New post 02 May 2014, 05:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Oct 2013
Posts: 77
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 480 Q31 V24
GMAT 2: 710 Q48 V37
GPA: 3.88
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 39

Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and [#permalink] New post 07 May 2014, 21:53
Guys,

I'm still not clear.
I picked A instead of c.
Is there a meaning issue also?
Kindly elaborate.
Experts please help.
1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 May 2014
Posts: 30
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 16 [1] , given: 2

Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and [#permalink] New post 19 May 2014, 11:03
1
This post received
KUDOS
DesiGmat wrote:
Guys,

I'm still not clear.
I picked A instead of c.
Is there a meaning issue also?
Kindly elaborate.
Experts please help.




Hi DesiGmat,


Let’s first understand the structure and meaning of the sentence.


Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells,
o each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.



MEANING

• So, the sentence tells us about the taste buds. It states that the taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells.
• Each of these cells has finger like projections poking through an opening.
o This opening is located at the top of the taste bud. It is called the taste pore.


There are three modifiers in the second clause of the given sentence.

1. Verb-ing Modifier ‘poking’: It modifies ‘fingerlike projections’. It tells us that the fingerlike projections poke through the opening.

2. Verb-ed Modifier ‘located’: It modifies ‘the opening’. It tells us that the opening is located at the top of the taste bud.

3. Verb-ed Modifier ‘called’: It modifies ‘the taste bud’. It tells us that the taste bud is called the taste pore. This is illogical. Why would taste bud be called ‘taste pore’? Also, the opening can be called a taste pore since that makes more sense.


Now, let's look at the options:


A.) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore


• This option has two errors:

1.) The modifier ‘called the taste pore’ is misplaced. It is incorrectly modifying ‘taste bud’. This gives an illogical meaning that the taste bud are called the taste pore. Logically, the modifier should modify ‘the opening’.

2.) The pronoun ‘them’ has two possible antecedents: taste cells and taste buds.



B.) them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore


• This option has three errors:

1.) The pronoun ‘them’ has two possible antecedents: taste cells and taste buds.

2.) The singular subject ‘each of them’ does not agree with the plural verb ‘have’.

3.) The relative pronoun modifier ‘which’ incorrectly modifies ‘the taste bud’. The taste bud is not called taste pore. Logically the modifier should modify the opening.



C.) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud



• This option removes both the errors from the original sentence.

1.) It replaces the pronoun ‘them’ with ‘which’. The modifier ‘which’ can only modify the immediate preceding noun. In this case it modifies ‘taste cells’.

2.) It places the modifier ‘called the taste pore’ right next to ‘the opening’. Now, the sentence conveys the meaning that the opening is called the taste pore.



D.) which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud



1. The subject ‘each of which’ does not have a verb. ‘having’ cannot act as the main verb in a clause.



E.) which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore


• This option has two errors:

1.) The singular subject ‘each of which’ does not agree with the plural verb ‘have’.

2.) The modifier ‘called the taste pore’ is misplaced. It is incorrectly modifying ‘taste bud’. Logically it should modify ‘the opening’. (Same error as option A has)




Hope this helps! :)
Manyu
Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and   [#permalink] 19 May 2014, 11:03
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Experts publish their posts in the topic Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and daagh 7 09 Feb 2011, 08:59
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and sondenso 6 16 May 2008, 01:29
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and enola 3 12 Dec 2006, 13:10
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and karlfurt 11 03 Dec 2006, 03:26
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and Pauline 8 06 Aug 2005, 04:44
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.