Technically a given category of insurance policy is under : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Technically a given category of insurance policy is under

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Technically a given category of insurance policy is under [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2009, 10:13
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Technically a given category of insurance policy is under priced if, over time, claims against it plus expenses associated with it exceed total income from premiums. But premium income can be invested and will then yield returns of its own. Therefore, an under priced policy does not represent a net loss in every case.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies.
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case.
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set.
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits.
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned.

Need Explanations
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by dentobizz on 05 Nov 2013, 16:53, edited 1 time in total.
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25 Mar 2009, 13:08
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(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies. This is extreme language and irrelevant to the argument.
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case. The argument is about policy does not represents a net loss not that represent a net loss.
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set. Levels of claims is not the focus of the argument.
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits. This is again extreme language. Nowhere in the argument does the author mention about company's profit.
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned. If the claims request to pay out all of the premium income, then those income could not be used to invest and thus will sure post a net loss in every case. This is correct assumption.
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25 Mar 2009, 22:36
nitya34 wrote:
9. Technically a given category of insurance policy is under priced if, over time, claims against it plus expenses associated with it exceed total income from premiums. But premium income can be invested and will then yield returns of its own. Therefore, an under priced policy does not represent a net loss in every case.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies.
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case.
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set.
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits.
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned.

Need Explanations

D is the best
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26 Mar 2009, 05:19
eileen1017 wrote:
(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies. This is extreme language and irrelevant to the argument.
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case. The argument is about policy does not represents a net loss not that represent a net loss.
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set. Levels of claims is not the focus of the argument.
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits. This is again extreme language. Nowhere in the argument does the author mention about company's profit.
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned. If the claims request to pay out all of the premium income, then those income could not be used to invest and thus will sure post a net loss in every case. This is correct assumption.

Why you have chosen E? I don't think it is E but it is D)?
- Insurance company is not going to expect claim for every policy? (E).
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26 Mar 2009, 05:20
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26 Mar 2009, 08:21
OA-E

Admin:where is Kudo functionality?some bugs there
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18 Sep 2009, 05:22
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I have difficulty dismissing 'A' even though 'E' is the clear-cut answer...
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18 Sep 2009, 11:31
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boeinz wrote:
I have difficulty dismissing 'A' even though 'E' is the clear-cut answer...

A is clearly out of scope. Just think, is the argument anyway concerned about the motivation of insurance companies to attract more customers ? The argument only talks about 'under-priced policies' , for that matter not even normal/over-priced policies:)
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18 Sep 2009, 20:09
Economist wrote:
boeinz wrote:
I have difficulty dismissing 'A' even though 'E' is the clear-cut answer...

A is clearly out of scope. Just think, is the argument anyway concerned about the motivation of insurance companies to attract more customers ? The argument only talks about 'under-priced policies' , for that matter not even normal/over-priced policies:)

Thanks alot!
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18 Sep 2009, 20:17
nitya34 wrote:
9. Technically a given category of insurance policy is under priced if, over time, claims against it plus expenses associated with it exceed total income from premiums. But premium income can be invested and will then yield returns of its own. Therefore, an under priced policy does not represent a net loss in every case.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies. I hate deliberately
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case. I hate every case
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set. accuracy of claims is not in doubt of testmakers
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits. still does not explain why the conclusion is made
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned. What to do, have tried all others had to go with this. May be there is sth in this. ok lets anal-yze it more. there is delay for a period where premium can be kept and hence invested and would therefore yield returns for that time-period to offset the claims and/or it expenses

IMO E
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06 Nov 2013, 07:26
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Bumping for review and further discussion*.

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05 Dec 2013, 19:33
the key to this question are the words "not in every case". so we are not actually looking for most cases or many cases. usually the words 'at least some' throw us off the hook. In this case at least some is sufficient and thats what we are looking for. and hence the answer is E.
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25 Oct 2014, 03:33
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nitya34 wrote:
Technically a given category of insurance policy is under priced if, over time, claims against it plus expenses associated with it exceed total income from premiums. But premium income can be invested and will then yield returns of its own. Therefore, an under priced policy does not represent a net loss in every case.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies.
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case.
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set.
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits.
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned.

The statement says that a policy is under priced if the claims associated with it exceed the total income, then it states that the premium can be invested and it will yield returns of its own.

The first assumption that came to my mind is that every premium that is deposited is invested and that every deposited premium gives returns.

A - The statement doesn't talk about how the customers are attracted
B - The cases are not discussed
C - This answer could have been a better trap, had the word "accuracy" not used in it.
D - This is another trap. The statement didn't talk about the profits of the insurance companies.
E - That's the answer. It matches the initial assumption I had. This is a finely worded answer. It has used "SOME", which means that the range of policies is from one to all.

E
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02 Nov 2014, 09:06
Option E seems correct from various angles.

1. Process of Elimination leaves one with option D coming close but due to its mention of the "determinant" of company's "profits" gives it away. As the whole essence of an assumption that links the 'given' premise to the conclusion is defaulted.

2. Meaning: Option E clearly becomes the choice that MUST be true for the Conclusion 'under priced policy does not represent a net loss in [b]every case'[/b] to be true.

3. Tone: Option E is the only option that uses Light tones unlike other choices that are very restrictive and uses strong tones like must/should/most.

P.S. Option 3 need not be the ONLY criteria for eliminating an option as there maybe some exceptions to the rule for certain CR questions. Ultimately, a coherent structure of the above 3 steps ensures that option E is a clear winner.
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02 Mar 2015, 06:26
So difficul :/ I do not 7nderstand it
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31 Jul 2015, 07:32
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nitya34 wrote:
Technically a given category of insurance policy is under priced if, over time, claims against it plus expenses associated with it exceed total income from premiums. But premium income can be invested and will then yield returns of its own. Therefore, an under priced policy does not represent a net loss in every case.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies.
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case.
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set.
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits.
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned.

Need Explanations

Interesting question. I picked D but then I realized that extreme word such as 'most' is a sign of trap :D
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15 Aug 2015, 09:17
nitya34 wrote:
Technically a given category of insurance policy is under priced if, over time, claims against it plus expenses associated with it exceed total income from premiums. But premium income can be invested and will then yield returns of its own. Therefore, an under priced policy does not represent a net loss in every case.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies.
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case.
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set.
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits.
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned.

Need Explanations

I feel we need to revisit option B :

According to GMAT, If the argument says A --> B, then the argument safely assumes that B -/-> A.
Using the same logic, wouldnt B be the correct choice.

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Re: Technically a given category of insurance policy is under [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2015, 12:09
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MBAisaMYTH wrote:
nitya34 wrote:
Technically a given category of insurance policy is under priced if, over time, claims against it plus expenses associated with it exceed total income from premiums. But premium income can be invested and will then yield returns of its own. Therefore, an under priced policy does not represent a net loss in every case.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) No insurance policies are deliberately under priced in order to attract customers to the insurance company offering such policies.
(B) A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case.
(C) There are policies for which the level of claims per year can be predicted with great accuracy before premiums are set.
(D) The income earned by investing premium income is the most important determinant of an insurance company’s profits.
(E) The claims against at least some under priced policies do not require paying out all of the premium income from those policies as soon as it is earned.

Need Explanations

I feel we need to revisit option B :

According to GMAT, If the argument says A --> B, then the argument safely assumes that B -/-> A.
Using the same logic, wouldnt B be the correct choice.

There is no causality in the argument.

Conclusion- an under priced policy does not represent a net loss in every case.

an Under priced Policy =either a Net loss policy OR a NO Net loss policy

Option B -A policy that represents a net loss to the insurance company is not an under priced policy in every case

Net loss policy = either Under priced policy OR NOT an Under priced policy

Now do you think that option B is necessary for the conclusion!!!

I hope the above helps.

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Technically a given category of insurance policy is under [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2015, 03:54
Thank you samichange. This surely helps ! The conclusion is not a causal relationship. It is simply is an inference !
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23 Sep 2015, 15:39
i learnt that in assumption questions, we first look at option that includes negative statement or "at least ..." as a defender assumption. power score CR bible. may help !
Re: Technically a given category of insurance policy is under   [#permalink] 23 Sep 2015, 15:39

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