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# Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the

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Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2009, 07:22
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Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the government-mandated minimum-wage level because employers cannot afford to pay that much for extra help. Therefore, if Congress institutes a subminimum wage, a new lower legal wage for teenagers, the teenage unemployment rate, which has been rising since 1960, will no longer increase.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

A. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen.

B. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.

C. Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.

D. The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970's than it did in the 1960's.

E. The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.

OA later after discussion..
If you have any questions
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18 Aug 2009, 08:12
I'd go for C on this one. A and B actually strengthen the argument, since teenage unemployment rose in two situations opposed to the one suggested in the argument. D has nothing to do with the argument, it's just statistical stuff. E I feel is also of little interest, since some decreases will not override the general trend.

C weakens the statement by saying that even though there is no subminimum wage, employers will still hire extra help when teenagers are available to offer it (during the summer holidays).
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18 Aug 2009, 09:33
DanaJ wrote:
I'd go for C on this one. A and B actually strengthen the argument, since teenage unemployment rose in two situations opposed to the one suggested in the argument. D has nothing to do with the argument, it's just statistical stuff. E I feel is also of little interest, since some decreases will not override the general trend.

C weakens the statement by saying that even though there is no subminimum wage, employers will still hire extra help when teenagers are available to offer it (during the summer holidays).

IMO B, the conclusion says
if subminimum wage instituted, the teenage unemployment rate, which has been rising since 1960, will no longer increase.

B says that teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant this undermines the conclusion

C since employers hire extra help when teenagers are available will increase teenage unemployment, but the conclusion is institution of subminimum wage restricts unemployment rate from increasing, C is not addressing anything about subminimum wage
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18 Aug 2009, 13:38
Agree with B.
Argument says teenage unemployment rate won't increase if subminimum wage is instituted.
Choice B clearly weakens it.
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18 Aug 2009, 13:42
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would go with B, as it shows that there is no direct connection between the change in unemployment rate with the minimum wage...
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19 Aug 2009, 06:15
OA: B
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14 Sep 2009, 03:56
Danaj,
I don't see how B strengthens at all.
C is off scope.

Posted from my mobile device
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14 Sep 2009, 22:24
Tricky one..
I had B and E in mind.

E because, if there were some declines then there were 'other' factors that brought the decline and hence subminimum wage is not necessary for preventing the increase in unemployment rate, however, the argument is not concerned about whether subminimum wage is necessary or not. If it was something like "hence subminimum wage is the ONLY solution to...." then I would have chosen E.

B is only the only left..I don't think B completely weakens the argument..however it is the best choice left.
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07 Jun 2010, 10:06
I am still not convinced with choice B. It states that even though the minimum wage is constant the unemployment rate is increasing. This is what should be. Since the minimum wage is still high for the employers they do not want to hire teenagers and hence the unemployment rate is rising each year. The choice nowhere talks about sub-minimum wage.

I chose E because it indicates that besides the minumum wage there are some other factors too that cause the employment rate to vary. Hence the solution about sub-minimum wage will not be the correct solution.

Any pointers?
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10 Jun 2010, 13:03
It is B.

The argument says that teenage unemployment rate is rising because of the rise in minimum wages.

Option (B) says....the teenage unemmployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant. Which means the rising teenage unemployment rate has nothing to do with minimum wages.
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19 Jun 2010, 01:57
conclusion: sub-minimum wage will stop the increase of the teen unemployment.
The correct answer has to undermine this conclusion. It has to show that wage does not cause/relate to the increase in teen unemployment. Therefore B
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29 Jun 2010, 13:04
why is casual relationship being considered in the conclusion?
the use of "if" makes it conditional statement
conclusion is (institution of lower wage) ---> (unemployment rate for teenage will not increase)
(B) says minimum wage(which could be equal to subminimum wage)is constant still unemployment rate increased
-weakens the conclusion-correct
(A)min wage risen --> unemployment rate risen
=> unemployment rate not risen -->min wage not risen (mistaken reversal of the conclusion)
Attacking mistaken reversal of the conclusion does not hurt the conclusion
(c) no effect
(D) the argument makes a conditional statement (uses if). It could also be the case that subminimum wages had not been instituted and the unemployment rate increased –wont weaken the conclusion
(E)no effect- occasionally declined but it would have remained constant otherwise

correct me if my reasoning is incorrect
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29 Jun 2010, 13:19
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C, D and E can be easily eliminated and we remain to chose between A and B.

A. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen.
-- This will infact strengthen the argument. There might be possibility that if the minimum wage kept constant, unemployment can be reduced. Hence A is not a correct option.

B. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.
-- This is a correct answer choice. If this is true, it shows the minimum wage has no direct correlation with the unemployment. Hence even if the minimum wage is reduced to new lower lever, it is not necessary that unemployment will stop increasing.

C. Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.
-- This is irrelevant information and has neutral effect on the argument. Hence C is a incorrect answer choice.

D. The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970's than it did in the 1960's.
-- This might be possible but has no impact on the conclusion. Hence D is an incorrect answer choice.

E. The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.
-- This is an opposite answer. It is strengthening the argument. Hence E cannot be a correct answer choice.

Thank You.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh
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30 Jun 2010, 10:33
B says employment rate has risen even when minimum wage remained constant...but we need to consider what happens if the minimum wage is reduced further than the current levels - not when it is constant.

Dont think B is right.

crejoc wrote:
DanaJ wrote:
I'd go for C on this one. A and B actually strengthen the argument, since teenage unemployment rose in two situations opposed to the one suggested in the argument. D has nothing to do with the argument, it's just statistical stuff. E I feel is also of little interest, since some decreases will not override the general trend.

C weakens the statement by saying that even though there is no subminimum wage, employers will still hire extra help when teenagers are available to offer it (during the summer holidays).

IMO B, the conclusion says
if subminimum wage instituted, the teenage unemployment rate, which has been rising since 1960, will no longer increase.

B says that teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant this undermines the conclusion

C since employers hire extra help when teenagers are available will increase teenage unemployment, but the conclusion is institution of subminimum wage restricts unemployment rate from increasing, C is not addressing anything about subminimum wage
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01 Jul 2010, 11:01
tingle15 wrote:
I am still not convinced with choice B.

Any pointers?

If the unemployment rate of teenagers rises even when the wage is constant it implies that some factor other than wage is causing an increase in unemployment; hence B weakens.

Hope this helps.
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01 Jul 2010, 11:28
onedayill wrote:
tingle15 wrote:
I am still not convinced with choice B.

Any pointers?

If the unemployment rate of teenagers rises even when the wage is constant it implies that some factor other than wage is causing an increase in unemployment; hence B weakens.

Hope this helps.

Perfect...now I understand...thanks a lot...
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19 Aug 2010, 23:08
X=increased minimum wage
Y=teen unempoyment
premise: X causes Y
ways to weaken:
if Y occurs, then X occurs
if X does not occur, Y still occurs
if X occurs, Y does not occur.. and so on
choice B fits the 2nd pattern
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20 Aug 2010, 23:17
+1 for B
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24 Aug 2010, 01:07
+1 B
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25 Aug 2010, 09:29
yes b
Re: Teenagers wage   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2010, 09:29

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