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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are

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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2006, 10:10
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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears

A.) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
B.) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
C.) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
D.) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is
E.) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues

I'm not able to choose between C & E. Can someone explain the answer, please? I will post the OA later.
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2006, 10:44
E

First thing that we must be using "such as" not like because tooth and bone are example of tissues. E has no ambiguity in E as far refferring to tissues or "bone and teeth"

but I read somewhere that "in that" is wrong in GMAT. Can someone shed light on this?
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2006, 10:50
Rule: SUCH AS is used to indicate examples. LIKE is used to indicate similarity.

Animals such as monkeys and elephants live in a jungle. (exactly monkeys and elephants)
Animals like monkeys and elephants live in a jungle. (animals similar to monkeys and elephants)

Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues (tissues SIMILAR to TOOTH AND BONE, tooth and bone are not part of the cancer cell or cancer forms) --> thus we need "like"

So D and E are out ("in that they" is also a problem here)

A is out for the same reason

B it is unclear what "they" refer to "tissues" or "tooth and bone"

"LIKE" should be surrounded by commas, so I pick C
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2006, 11:11
E.

In that is not wrong. Moreover it is frequently tested on GMAT.
When you want to show cause and effect , you use because.
However, when you want to qualify previously used modifier, you use in that.
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2006, 12:45
deowl wrote:
E.

In that is not wrong. Moreover it is frequently tested on GMAT.
When you want to show cause and effect , you use because.
However, when you want to qualify previously used modifier, you use in that.


nice one. :good

go with E as well.
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2006, 14:12
wrong? :cry: I don't get it... I thought my logic made sense here... and the rule is directly from MGMAT SC... I feel like quitting now... :beat
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2006, 23:49
ps_dahiya wrote:
deowl wrote:
E.

In that is not wrong. Moreover it is frequently tested on GMAT.
When you want to show cause and effect , you use because.
However, when you want to qualify previously used modifier, you use in that.


Could you please give me some examples?


Sure.

You will surely get 750 on GMAT , because you study a lot.

Here is a clearly causal relationship, so you have to use because to
emphasize this.

John is an exceptional kid, in that he started to read at age 4.

So John may be pretty average kid, but this only fact makes him exceptional. So here you want to use in that to qualify your previous statement.

As an aside, whenever I saw in that along with because in the
list of answers, in that was allways a correct one. However it is not a rule , but a personal observation.
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2006, 21:51
deowl wrote:
ps_dahiya wrote:
deowl wrote:
E.

In that is not wrong. Moreover it is frequently tested on GMAT.
When you want to show cause and effect , you use because.
However, when you want to qualify previously used modifier, you use in that.


Could you please give me some examples?


Sure.

You will surely get 750 on GMAT , because you study a lot.

Here is a clearly causal relationship, so you have to use because to
emphasize this.

John is an exceptional kid, in that he started to read at age 4.

So John may be pretty average kid, but this only fact makes him exceptional. So here you want to use in that to qualify your previous statement.

As an aside, whenever I saw in that along with because in the
list of answers, in that was allways a correct one. However it is not a rule , but a personal observation.


Excellent!!!! Thanks buddy. Actually its you who will score a 750 :-D :-D :-D
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2006, 20:40
Will go with E.

Like is used to comapre nouns.

When providing examples when you use like....... you basically mean that something similar to that but not that.

For example.
Your breakfast should include fruits like oranges and apples.

This means that your breakfast should include fruits similar to oranges and apples but not oranges and apples.

The correct form would be

Your breakfast should include fruits such as oranges and apples
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Re: SC-Teratomas [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2006, 07:16
E

(A),(B),(C) are out (because??).
D & E should be consdered.
What should be found is tissues, not a composition.
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 [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2006, 08:15
Even if you didn't know about the "in that they" rule, you could still come up with E as the answer.

Rule out B, C, D because tooth and bone are actual examples. A contradicts the sentence by saying the tumors are made up of bone, but it's not found in the tumor.
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 [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2006, 09:38
E is the best choice.

A - "not normally found..." modifies "bone"
B - "that.." modifies "bone" again
D - Composition = tissues ? One is singular, the other is plural.

In gmat "like" is used to show similarity whereas "such as" means example. By this reasoning we straight away eliminate choices B, C.

Further "because" is used to express a simple relationship whereas "in that" qualifies the previous statement. In this sentence use of because is wrong, also in Gmat "in that " is preferred over "because".
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  [#permalink] 04 Jul 2006, 09:38
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