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Terms used in Bold Face CR

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Terms used in Bold Face CR [#permalink] New post 17 May 2013, 05:12
Can Experts kindly explain the difference & similarities among the following mentioned terms used in Bold Face questions. If possible, kindly explain using examples.
    Premise
    Fact
    Evidence
    Context
    Consideration
    Position
    Principle
    Judgment


Waiting eagerly for valuable insights.

Fame

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Re: Terms used in Bold Face CR [#permalink] New post 17 May 2013, 22:07
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Sure. Let's start with "premise," "fact," and "evidence." These are all different words for a statement that we accept as true. For the most part, these terms are interchangeable, but "premise" and "evidence" imply that the information is being used to support an argument, while "fact" might in some cases refer to information that is not used to support one side or the other.

"Context" is going to be more neutral. If something is context, it is providing the background for the argument, but doesn't itself constitute an argument. Typically, context will be factual, but some kind of initial position or disagreement could also serve as context (this is less likely).

A "consideration" is something we need to consider in making a decision. This will generally also be a premise, but it is likely to be something new that is introduced after an initial argument. For instance, I might say that because John was late to his interview, we shouldn’t hire him. If you point out that John was hit by a car on his way to the interview, that would be a consideration introduced to counter my conclusion.

A “principle” is a different sort of premise—it’s not a fact, but rather an initial idea upon which we build. For instance, I might say “No one who has committed a felony should be allowed to run for governor. Candidate X robbed a bank, so she should not be allowed to run for governor.” In this case, “Candidate X robbed a bank” is a factual premise, while “No one who has committed a felony should be allowed to run for governor” is a principle. For the purposes of the argument, we would grant both of them as true. Therefore, the only assumption in this argument is that robbing the bank was a felony.

“Judgment” is tricky. It sounds like a conclusion, but it may refer to a sub-conclusion or principle. For instance, in #123 in OG 13, it is used to refer to a premise. We are basically told that “If people are right to believe X, then Y is also true.”

“Position” means conclusion. It may refer either to the author’s conclusion or an opposing position that the author is refuting.

This was fun! Let me know if you come across any more troublesome vocab.

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Re: Terms used in Bold Face CR [#permalink] New post 20 May 2013, 09:28
Expert's post
fameatop wrote:
Can Experts kindly explain the difference & similarities among the following mentioned terms used in Bold Face questions. If possible, kindly explain using examples. Waiting eagerly for valuable insights. Fame

Dear Fame,
I'm responding to your PM. First of all, it appears that Mr. Farber did an exemplary job of addressing this question --- what he says is pure gold, and I'd highly recommend you study it.

Here's a blog I recently wrote about Find the Conclusion questions:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-criti ... inference/

Let me know if you have individual questions about deciding whether something in an CR passage is one of these terms.
Mike :-)

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Re: Terms used in Bold Face CR [#permalink] New post 20 May 2013, 22:55
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Hi Fame,

I understand your thirst for examples, but I'm assuming you compiled this list by going through OG problems. I think those OG problems will provide the best context for understanding the meaning of each of these terms. Try going back & applying the above to all the OG Describe the Role q's. Then, if any of the terms are still unclear, or if there are any other terms troubling you, please let me know and I'll do my best to clarify.

Good luck!

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Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


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Re: Terms used in Bold Face CR [#permalink] New post 20 May 2013, 23:03
Expert's post
Hi again,

In response to your PM, you are unlikely to see more than 2 of these questions on the test, regardless of your score. This is a general tendency, not a rule, but it's certainly safe to say that Assumption-based questions will make up the majority of the CR, followed by Conclusion/Inference questions.

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Re: Terms used in Bold Face CR   [#permalink] 20 May 2013, 23:03
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