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# That the policy of nuclear deterrence has worked thus far is

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Intern
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That the policy of nuclear deterrence has worked thus far is [#permalink]  06 Feb 2012, 03:06
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73% (02:43) correct 26% (01:09) wrong based on 19 sessions
That the policy of nuclear deterrence has worked thus far is unquestionable. Since the end of the Second World War, the very fact that there were nuclear armaments in existence has kept major powers from using nuclear weapons, for fear of starting a worldwide nuclear exchange that would make the land of the power initiating it uninhabitable. The proof is that a third world war between superpowers has not happened.  Which one of the following, if true, indicates a flaw in the argument?

A. Maintaining a high level of nuclear armaments represents a significant drain on a country’s economy.
B. From what has happened in the past, it is impossible to infer with certainty what will happen in the future, so an accident could still trigger a third world war between superpowers.
C. Continuing to produce nuclear weapons beyond the minimum needed for deterrence increases the likelihood of a nuclear accident.
D. The major powers have engaged in many smaller-scale military operations since the end of the Second World War, while refraining from a nuclear confrontation.
E. It cannot be known whether it was nuclear deterrence that worked, or some other factor, such as a recognition of the economic value of remaining at peace.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: That the policy of nuclear deterrence [#permalink]  06 Feb 2012, 03:15
Picked E because this is an alternative solution to the passage. The passage states that nuclear deterrence prevents countries from nuking each other and causing world war 3.

Therefore we need to find another reason why countries aren't fighting a nuclear war world war 3. Henceforth E is the best solution, since it states another theory that there is economic value for the country to remain at peace.

A,B,C are all irrelevant since they talk about money and accident, not World War 3 prevention.

D- Is somewhat relevant, it could be use to undermine the conclusion, but the passage did not say it prevents all wars. It only specifically talks about a nuclear wars.
Senior Manager
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Re: That the policy of nuclear deterrence [#permalink]  13 Feb 2012, 07:36
I picked E on this one. A, C and D are off the list right away since they don't in any way explain a flaw. B might have been a remote possibility but does not clearly link with the argument. Therefore, E.
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petrifiedbutstanding

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Re: That the policy of nuclear deterrence [#permalink]  15 Feb 2012, 16:05
Expert's post
The argument states that a third World War has not happened.

Therefore answer choice (B), which basically says we don't know what's going to happen
in the future, does explain why we have not hard a third World War.

Answer choice (E) gives us another reason, besides nuclear threat, countries have
not gone to war: there is an economic incentive not to do so.

Hope that clears things up
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Christopher Lele
Magoosh Test Prep

Re: That the policy of nuclear deterrence   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2012, 16:05
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