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That vs Which correct usage

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That vs Which correct usage [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2010, 08:28
Hi Group,
I am really troubled with using That vs Which in SC problems. Kindly can any one help me out on this.
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Re: That vs Which correct usage [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2010, 08:56
that is used when the modifier is essential
which is used when the modifier is non essential

Eg. The car that is blue, belongs to my son
v/s This car, which is blue, belongs to my son

Also note that whenever you see "which" it modifies the noun closest to its occurance, it should not be used otherwise

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Re: That vs Which correct usage [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2010, 10:09
Hi Welcome to the Gmat Club,
THAT should be used to introduce a restrictive clause.
WHICH should be used to introduce a non-restrictive clause.
Changing that to which or vice versa can completely change the meaning of a sentence.
for eg 1. My car that is blue goes very fast.
2 My car, which is blue, goes very fast.

the first sentence uses that – suggesting I own more than one car (and even implying my other cars might not be so fast).

This is what happens if we leave out the clause and write: My car goes very fast.
The sentence’s meaning has changed..............

However, the sentence using which simple informs the reader that my car is blue. We can take the clause out without losing any essential information:
My car goes very fast.

Hope it helps!!
thanx
Re: That vs Which correct usage   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2010, 10:09
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