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The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different in [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2010, 23:34

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1,234 1,243 1,324 ..... .... +4,321

The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different integers that can be formed by using each of the digits 1,2,3,4 exact;y once in each integer. What is the sum of these 24 integers?

The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different integers that can be formed by using each of the digits 1,2,3,4 exact;y once in each integer. What is the sum of these 24 integers?

A.24,000 B.26,664 C.40,440 D.60,000 E.66,660

Using the symmetry in the numbers involved (All formed using all possible combinations of 1,2,3,4), and we know there are 24 of them. We know there will be 6 each with the units digits as 1, as 2, as 3 and as 4. And the same holds true of the tens, hundreds and thousands digit.

The sum is therefore = (1 + 10 + 100 + 1000) * (1*6 +2*6 +3*6 +4*6) = 1111 * 6 * 10 = 66660

The units place of all the integers will have six 1's, six 2's, six 3's and six 4's Likewise, The tens place of all the integers will have six 1's, six 2's, six 3's and six 4's The hundreds place of all the integers will have six 1's, six 2's, six 3's and six 4's The thousands place of all the integers will have six 1's, six 2's, six 3's and six 4's

Addition always start from right(UNITS) to left(THOUSANDS);

Units place addition; 6(1+2+3+4) = 60. Unit place of the result: 0 carried over to tens place: 6

Tens place addition; 6(1+2+3+4) = 60 + 6(Carried over from Units place) = 66 Tens place of the result: 6 carried over to hunderes place: 6

Hundreds place addition; 6(1+2+3+4) = 60 + 6(Carried over from tens place) = 66 Hundreds place of the result: 6 carried over to thousands place: 6

Thousands place addition; 6(1+2+3+4) = 60 + 6(Carried over from hundreds place) = 66 Thousands place of the result: 6 carried over to ten thousands place: 6

Ten thousands place of the result: 0+6(Carried over from thousands place) = 6

Formulas for such kind of problems (just in case):

1. Sum of all the numbers which can be formed by using the \(n\) digits without repetition is: \((n-1)!*(sum \ of \ the \ digits)*(111... \ n \ times)\).

2. Sum of all the numbers which can be formed by using the \(n\) digits (repetition being allowed) is: \(n^{n-1}*(sum \ of \ the \ digits)*(111... \ n \ times)\).

Could you tell me the way to calculate the sum which the repetition is allowed? For example: from 1,2,3,4. how can we calculate the sum of four digit number that formed from 1,2,3,4 and repetition is allowed?

The logic is no different from 'no repetition allowed' question. The only thing different is the number of numbers you can make.

How many numbers can you make using the four digits 1, 2, 3 and 4 if repetition is allowed? You can make 4*4*4*4 = 256 numbers (there are 4 options for each digit)

1111 1112 1121 ... and so on till 4444

By symmetry, each digit will appear equally in each place i.e. in unit's place, of the 256 numbers, 64 will have 1, 64 will have 2, 64 will have 3 and 64 will have 4. Same for 10s, 100s and 1000s place.

or use the formula given by Bunuel above: Sum of all the numbers which can be formed by using the digits (repetition being allowed) is:\(n^{n-1}\)*Sum of digits*(111...n times) =\(4^3*(1+2+3+4)*(1111) = 711040\) (Same calculation as above)
_________________

the addition problem below shows four of the 24 different integers that can be formed by using each of the digits 1,2,3, and 4 exactly once in each integer.what is the sum of these 24 integers?

1,234 1,243 1,324 ....... ....... +4,321

a) 24,000 b) 26,664 c) 40,440 d) 60,000 e) 66,660
_________________

The proof of understanding is the ability to explain it.

Formulas for such kind of problems (just in case):

1. Sum of all the numbers which can be formed by using the \(n\) digits without repetition is: \((n-1)!*(sum \ of \ the \ digits)*(111... \ n \ times)\).

2. Sum of all the numbers which can be formed by using the \(n\) digits (repetition being allowed) is: \(n^{n-1}*(sum \ of \ the \ digits)*(111... \ n \ times)\).

Could you tell me the way to calculate the sum which the repetition is allowed? For example: from 1,2,3,4. how can we calculate the sum of four digit number that formed from 1,2,3,4 and repetition is allowed?
_________________

Kudos!!!... If you think I help you in some ways....

The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different intege [#permalink]

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21 May 2013, 06:35

This can be solved much easier by realizing that, since the number of four term permutations is 4!, and that summing the a sequence to its reverse gives

1234 +4321 = 5555

1243 +3421 = 5555

we may see that there are 4!/2 pairings we can make, giving us

Re: The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different in [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2014, 03:04

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different in [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2014, 09:41

For those who could not memorize the formular, you can guess the answer in 30 secs: Since we have 24 numbers, we will have 6 of 1 thousand something, 6 of 2 thousand something, 6 of 3 thousand something, and 6 of 4 thousand something So, 6x1(thousand something) = 6 (thousand something) 6x2(thousand something) = 12 (thousand something) 6x3(thousand something) = 18 (thousand something) 6x4(thousand something) = 24 (thousand something) Add them all 6+12 +18 + 24 = 60 (thousand something) ----> E

Re: The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different in [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2015, 23:06

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different in [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2016, 13:38

each term is repeating 6 times..(total 24/4=4) now at unit...each term will repeat 6 times... (1x6+ 2x6 + 3x6 + 4x6 = 60) , so unit digit is "0" and 6 remaining.

repeating same.....total of 24 ten digit will be 60 + 6 from total of unit ,so ten digit will be 6.

only E has 60 as last two digits.

gmatclubot

Re: The addition problem above shows four of the 24 different in
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15 Aug 2016, 13:38

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