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The adopted use of trained fighter horses

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The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2012, 23:07
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The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians date around a specific era thousands of years ago, was a critical element to the flourishment many civilizations including the Ottoman Empire.

(A) The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians date
(B) The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians have thought to occur
(C) Adopting the use of trained fighter horses, dated by some historians at
(D) The adoption of using trained fighter horses, thought by some historians to have occurred
(E) The trained fighter horse's adopted use, dated by some historians to have been

please explain the answer choices.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by nelz007 on 17 Nov 2012, 23:50, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2012, 23:26
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A & B wrongly use "which".
C has a dangling modifier.
E is in passive form.

Answer should be D.

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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2012, 23:30
Thanks for the explanation Macfauz really helpful.
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The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2013, 18:24
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The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians date during early Ottoman rule, was a critical element to the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.

(A) The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians date

(B) The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians have thought to occur

(C) Adopting the use of trained fighter horses, dated by some historians

(D) The adoption of using trained fighter horses, thought by some historians to have occurred

(E) The trained fighter horse's adopted use, dated by some historians


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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2013, 19:28
Hi,

Clearly D takes the cake.

A & B are wrong due to incorrect use of "which"-in both cases incorrectly referring to the adjacent noun ie. horses(ideally should be adoption) having thought to have occurred

C & E are wrong for incorrect use of the idiom "dated by"(should be "dated at")



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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2013, 22:44
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Please note:
The correct idioms are:
X date Y at.......
--OR--
Y is dated by X at.....
Both forms are correct. There is no problem with "dated by".

The trap is that there is no "at" in the non-underlined part.

The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians date during early Ottoman rule, was a critical element to the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.

(A) The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians date
Wrong. "which" is not the main problem. The "Of-phrase" makes the phrase "of trained fighter horses" a "mission-critical" <== Thus, "which" does not need to modify the preceding noun (horses). "which" in this case can modify "the adopted use".
But A is wrong because there is no preposition "at" after "date" ==> The structure is like historian date during early Ottoman rule. Sounds badly!

(B) The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians have thought to occur
Wrong. Meaning problem. "the USE of trained fighter horses" cannot occur, only "the adoption of using" can occur. (logical problem)

(C) Adopting the use of trained fighter horses, dated by some historians
Wrong. Same as A. We need the preposition "at".

(D) The adoption of using trained fighter horses, thought by some historians to have occurred
Correct. Even though D is wordy, but it's correct.

(E) The trained fighter horse's adopted use, dated by some historians
Wrong. The possessive structure is very awkward. In addition, We need the preposition "at".

Hope it helps.
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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2013, 21:22
pqhai wrote:
Please note:
The correct idioms are:
X date Y at.......
--OR--
Y is dated by X at.....
Both forms are correct. There is no problem with "dated by".

The trap is that there is no "at" in the non-underlined part.



But if you look at original answer choices (posted by nelz007), choice C follows your formula Y is dated by X at...... So the statement follows by "at"
Or maybe i am missing something?
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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2013, 21:26
ziko wrote:
pqhai wrote:
Please note:
The correct idioms are:
X date Y at.......
--OR--
Y is dated by X at.....
Both forms are correct. There is no problem with "dated by".

The trap is that there is no "at" in the non-underlined part.



But if you look at original answer choices (posted by nelz007), choice C follows your formula Y is dated by X at...... So the statement follows by "at"
Or maybe i am missing something?


you are correct.

pghai wants to say that as all other wrong option dont have AT even in the non underlined part....so we have to find the option that has AT in the underlined portion only because without the preposition AT idiom will be incorrect.

hope it helps.
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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2013, 05:09
Then why is C wrong?

Adopting the use of trained fighter horses, dated by some historians at around a specific era thousands of years ago, was a critical element to the flourishment many civilizations including the Ottoman Empire.
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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2013, 01:53
summer101 wrote:
Then why is C wrong?

Adopting the use of trained fighter horses, dated by some historians at around a specific era thousands of years ago, was a critical element to the flourishment many civilizations including the Ottoman Empire.


this has dangling modifier error.
Adopting the use of trained fighter horses ==>this modifier should be followed by subject ...here it is followed by DATED BY...hence this is wrong.
ADOPTING is a present participle .
Adopting the use of trained fighter horses ==>present participle modifier.
note:
if you have a present participle modifier in front of a comma, it must be talking about the following subject followed by the comma.

in fact, the same is true for all four of the following types of initial modifiers:

(1) Starting with –ING, or starting with preposition + -ING (especially in + -ING)
(2) Starting with past participle
(3) NOUN + MODIFIERS (i.e., not a clause)
(4) Starting with an ADJECTIVE

examples:

(1)
WRONG:
Coming home from school, the wind blew me off my bike.
RIGHT:
Coming home from school, I was blown off my bike by the wind.

(2)
WRONG:
Thrown from a passing car, the blaze was ignited by a stray cigarette.
RIGHT:
Thrown from a passing car, a stray cigarette ignited the blaze.

(3)
WRONG:
A survivor of the Holocaust, Primo Levi’s stories demonstrate a resolute determination in the face of tragedy and adversity.
RIGHT:
A survivor of the Holocaust, Primo Levi wrote stories that demonstrate a resolute determination in the face of tragedy and adversity.

hope it helps.
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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2014, 22:38
pqhai wrote:
Please note:
The correct idioms are:
X date Y at.......
--OR--
Y is dated by X at.....
Both forms are correct. There is no problem with "dated by".

The trap is that there is no "at" in the non-underlined part.

The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians date during early Ottoman rule, was a critical element to the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.

(A) The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians date
Wrong. "which" is not the main problem. The "Of-phrase" makes the phrase "of trained fighter horses" a "mission-critical" <== Thus, "which" does not need to modify the preceding noun (horses). "which" in this case can modify "the adopted use".
But A is wrong because there is no preposition "at" after "date" ==> The structure is like historian date during early Ottoman rule. Sounds badly!

(B) The adopted use of trained fighter horses, which some historians have thought to occur
Wrong. Meaning problem. "the USE of trained fighter horses" cannot occur, only "the adoption of using" can occur. (logical problem)

(C) Adopting the use of trained fighter horses, dated by some historians
Wrong. Same as A. We need the preposition "at".

(D) The adoption of using trained fighter horses, thought by some historians to have occurred
Correct. Even though D is wordy, but it's correct.

(E) The trained fighter horse's adopted use, dated by some historians
Wrong. The possessive structure is very awkward. In addition, We need the preposition "at".

Hope it helps.


hi

if your remarks are correct pls guide on this question below;

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan
empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.
A. empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
B. empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
C. empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
E. empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

Actually my question is DATE AT construction given by you, is not there
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Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2014, 11:10
blueseas wrote:
summer101 wrote:
Then why is C wrong?

Adopting the use of trained fighter horses, dated by some historians at around a specific era thousands of years ago, was a critical element to the flourishment many civilizations including the Ottoman Empire.


this has dangling modifier error.
Adopting the use of trained fighter horses ==>this modifier should be followed by subject ...here it is followed by DATED BY...hence this is wrong.
ADOPTING is a present participle .
Adopting the use of trained fighter horses ==>present participle modifier.
note:
if you have a present participle modifier in front of a comma, it must be talking about the following subject followed by the comma.

in fact, the same is true for all four of the following types of initial modifiers:

(1) Starting with –ING, or starting with preposition + -ING (especially in + -ING)
(2) Starting with past participle
(3) NOUN + MODIFIERS (i.e., not a clause)
(4) Starting with an ADJECTIVE

examples:

(1)
WRONG:
Coming home from school, the wind blew me off my bike.
RIGHT:
Coming home from school, I was blown off my bike by the wind.

(2)
WRONG:
Thrown from a passing car, the blaze was ignited by a stray cigarette.
RIGHT:
Thrown from a passing car, a stray cigarette ignited the blaze.

(3)
WRONG:
A survivor of the Holocaust, Primo Levi’s stories demonstrate a resolute determination in the face of tragedy and adversity.
RIGHT:
A survivor of the Holocaust, Primo Levi wrote stories that demonstrate a resolute determination in the face of tragedy and adversity.

hope it helps.



Hello Blueseas,

Appreciate your effort to explain.

Could you kindly give it a thought as to why "Adopting the use of trained fighter horses" (the opening part of the option C) is a modifier and not a gerund phrase.

I guess "Adopting" is actually a gerund that takes "the use" as its object. "of trained fighter horses" is a prep-phrase that modifies the noun "the use." This whole part can thought of as a gerund phrase that acts as a noun.

Please let me know, if I am missing anything. :)
Many Thanks.
Re: The adopted use of trained fighter horses   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2014, 11:10
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