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The American Revolution arose partly in response to British

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The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2008, 23:57
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

54% (02:38) correct 45% (01:30) wrong based on 48 sessions
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 01 Sep 2013, 23:48, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
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Re: Zumit CR 014 [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2008, 02:45
I'm stuck between C and D but I'll go with C.
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Re: Zumit CR 014 [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2008, 03:16
dancinggeometry wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.


Though it sounds too obvious, A is attractive to me.
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Re: Zumit CR 014 [#permalink] New post 23 Sep 2008, 13:15
dancinggeometry wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.


Answer is A. C isn't correct because it stregthens the argument, while D is out f scope.
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Re: Zumit CR 014 [#permalink] New post 23 Sep 2008, 13:23
(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent. [Hold it]
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries. [Dictators Role is out of scope]
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war. [We are dealing with Extensive protection not haphazardly used surveillance]
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States. [Irrelevant to argument]
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.[Extensive protection not democratic elections]


Answer: A
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Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2013, 10:45
This argument states that the United States created the Fourth Amendment to
protect against unreasonable intrusions. It observes that such intrusions are
often committed by dictatorships. It then makes a rather sweeping conclusion
that any country without similar protections will suppress dissent. Such a broad
conclusion could be weakened by citing one case in which that pattern does not
hold.
(A) CORRECT. This choice cites a country without such protections that does not
suppress dissent. One example weakens the conclusion, which said no country
would refrain from suppressing dissent without such protections.
(B) This choice is irrelevant, as the conclusion does not address the
effectiveness of different types of government. In fact, as it is limited to
democracies; any information about dictatorships is irrelevant.
(C) This choice does not weaken the argument. The conclusion said
“systematically suppress dissent” and this statement talks about “haphazard”
suppression under special circumstances. Furthermore, we do not know if these
democracies had equally extensive protections.
(D) Whether or not the United States supported a dictatorship is irrelevant to the
conclusion that democracies without extensive protections will eventually
suppress dissent.
(E) This choice, if anything, strengthens the argument. It presents the example of
democracies without such protections that do suppress dissent.
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Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2013, 22:24
Ans is A.
It negates the conclusion-Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.
Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2013, 22:24
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