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The analysis of results on the national tests found that

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The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 01:05
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The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by getgyan on 07 Oct 2012, 21:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 02:30
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The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.---------correct
E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

IMO---D
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 07:15
getgyan wrote:
The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.


IMO B since B is keeping the parallelism..
the analysis found that "abc" and that "xyz"...
i sumhow dont agree with D since it steers away the meaning of the sentence by 180 degrees....
what is the answer?
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 09:57
aditi1903 wrote:
getgyan wrote:
The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.


IMO B since B is keeping the parallelism..
the analysis found that "abc" and that "xyz"...
i sumhow dont agree with D since it steers away the meaning of the sentence by 180 degrees....
what is the answer?


IMO D
how does the meaning differ from the original question
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 21:14
aditi1903 wrote:
getgyan wrote:
The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.


IMO B since B is keeping the parallelism..
the analysis found that "abc" and that "xyz"...
i sumhow dont agree with D since it steers away the meaning of the sentence by 180 degrees....
what is the answer?


Actually the author is trying to explain a contrast...so but is necessary..
I hope you get the point..
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2012, 10:48
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A is obviously wrong because of the wrong ‘different than’ idiom and use of 'which' to refer to 30 points.
B is using bad tense; although the analysis might exist today, ‘has found’ is inappropriate for a report finding that occurred sometime in the past. Hence a past tense verb- found- is the apt one for that description. In addition, all the other verbs are in past tense to promptly refer to past occurrences.
C also indulges in shift of tense when it states that - black boys are not- of course; more seriously C and E wrongly compare maths score with black girls

Therefore, we must choose D as the best answer
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2012, 21:47
aditi1903 wrote:
IMO B since B is keeping the parallelism..
the analysis found that "abc" and that "xyz"...
i sumhow dont agree with D since it steers away the meaning of the sentence by 180 degrees....
what is the answer?


Hi Aditi

First of all, there are a few mistakes in Option B which does not make it a better option than D. Let us look at it
1) “has found” is not correct tense. It is a statement/fact/findings. Use Simple tense
2) “sometimes interpreted as three academic grades”. What does this mean? Sometimes wrongly refers to “30 points”.
3) Why so many “and” ? “and that black boys” “and that they fell behind”

Option D correctly rectifies all these issues.

:-D
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink] New post 22 Nov 2012, 18:55
Can you please explain why can't which refer to 30 points in option A ? 30 points could be equal to three academic grades?

daagh wrote:
A is obviously wrong because of the wrong ‘different than’ idiom and use of 'which' to refer to 30 points.
B is using bad tense; although the analysis might exist today, ‘has found’ is inappropriate for a report finding that occurred sometime in the past. Hence a past tense verb- found- is the apt one for that description. In addition, all the other verbs are in past tense to promptly refer to past occurrences.
C also indulges in shift of tense when it states that - black boys are not- of course; more seriously C and E wrongly compare maths score with black girls

Therefore, we must choose D as the best answer
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 08:21
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---30 points,which is --- has S-V number problem. --- 30 points , which are --- is the right diction,; see points is plural
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 09:19
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getgyan wrote:
The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.
E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.


Hii Daagh.
I got confused over this one.
I have highlighted the blue confusion points in blue. Don't you think that all the relative clause following "that" in blue are what the analysis found?
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 09:24
ahhha!! Did not notice that subtle point. Thanks :)

daagh wrote:
---30 points,which is --- has S-V number problem. --- 30 points , which are --- is the right diction,; see points is plural
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 12:25
Hey..

I had another doubt in this sentence.
The analysis of results on the national tests found that.....

Here the subject is: The analysis (singular)
The verb is: found (is this plural or singular?)

They have found - pluaral
He has found (singular)

What is the role of found in this sentence?





daagh wrote:
---30 points,which is --- has S-V number problem. --- 30 points , which are --- is the right diction,; see points is plural
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 21:52
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@ Prep

Found is the past tense of find. Found is also the past participle. Along with auxiliary verbs such as have, has, is, are, will be etc, the past participle is used in either in prefect tenses or passive voices.

Here the tests found ---- that is the plural subjects tests did the act of finding – namely found.

And there are also many other ways of using found: to establish; Eg; I am trying to found a club for local GMAT aspirants
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 22:15
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@ Marcab: If I got you rightly that is exactly what the text wants to say but with a contrast built in between list 1 and list 2. In gist, the tests found three things. 1, that that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls 2. But that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes, and 3. That they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points; the original misses the middle –that- which D provides promptly. The debate whether the contrast is required or not is moot, as it is clear that the original does intend a contrast.
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 22:54
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Hii Daagh for such a quick reply.
What does "they" after third "that" refers to?
So since they form a list, then quite probably we can write the sentence in the following parts.
1)The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls.
2)But the analysis of results on the national tests found that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes.
3) The analysis of results on the national tests found that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points.

In the third list, I am confused over the usage of "they". Please let me know if I am unable to grasp the concept.
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 23:09
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They is certainly is a sore point; It is ambiguous in that it might refer to either the black boys or the math scores; But then, all the choices indulge in that; Logically, however we should take it as refering to the black boys, as they are being compared white boys, lest we should end up with another mis-comparison
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2012, 23:09
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