The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby

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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2011, 17:37
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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?
A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

Can someone please explain the reasoning???
I am stuck....
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 23 Jun 2014, 22:48, edited 1 time in total.
Correct the question.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2011, 04:37
Compared to OG I find this question/argument unclear.
The OG is usually more straightforward

Did you rule out some of the alternatives?

A) The questions is IF the government can do something about "it". A) mentions a reform already passed.
B) Correct
C) 'The best' is only a small fraction, out
D) 'Small' ruins this one, out
E) Irrelevant
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2011, 07:03
i agree with you; but at an closest look we can find the answer

Premise: + jobs for people thnks to anticipated retirement

Conclusion : goverment must create some kind of paths to encourage this workers

A - immigration reform-------- who care

C - need skills for the different position------good but incorrect

D - maybe or not------ we don't know

E - good but here we talk about goverment not of young people

B - correct ---------this new jobs have no incentive if the goverment don't make an effort in this way.....
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2011, 07:26
jullysabat wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?
A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the
D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

Can someone please explain the reasoning???
I am stuck....

This is a tricky question because the structure of the argument is hard to perceive and the question's language is obscure.
So the reasoning is : there will be more vacancy => more chances => govt should help. So choice B weakens the argument because it states that govt cannot help.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2011, 23:54
The explanation is quite simple. ALWAYS...REPEAT....ALWAYS stick close to the conclusion irrespective of the premise provided. Try to weaken the conclusion. Here choice B clearly weakens the conclusion. "To achieve this result" is the conclusion indicator here.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2011, 03:52
imo B , but i got it because others were totally irrelavant. even this choice is hard to accept. can u tell wat is the source??
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2011, 14:12
can anyone help me out... I am confussed as to why A is wrong... if you have a "Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers. " That will limit the number of workers and the "young people" that the argument is talking about my be affected by this?
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2011, 14:16
can anyone help me out... I am confussed as to why A is wrong... if you have a "Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers. " That will limit the number of workers and the "young people" that the argument is talking about my be affected by this?
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2011, 01:01
marijose wrote:
can anyone help me out... I am confussed as to why A is wrong... if you have a "Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers. " That will limit the number of workers and the "young people" that the argument is talking about my be affected by this?

marijose here is why A is wrong:
when the question says weaken the "argument" it does not talk about the sentence containing young people, rather it is talking about the last line. Now read that line and see. it says "government should hold talks with ... to ensure that this happens". now how would you weaken this?? if you can prove that by holding talks government will not achieve the result. None of the choices perfectly match, but "B" is closer. "A" however has no relevancy.
Hope this helps!!
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2011, 06:53
Great... so in other words answer A weakens the premise and not the conclusion.

In weaken you should first think of weakening the conlcusion..?
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2011, 09:21
yep...that's the idea.
the conclusion should be weakened.
hope this helps!!
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2014, 16:24
andysimple wrote:
jullysabat wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?
A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the
D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

Can someone please explain the reasoning???
I am stuck....

This is a tricky question because the structure of the argument is hard to perceive and the question's language is obscure.
So the reasoning is : there will be more vacancy => more chances => govt should help. So choice B weakens the argument because it states that govt cannot help.

It states say the government effort affect the trends only rarely, and not 'never'. It's like saying--this coin flips to 'heads' 2 out of 10 times hence it is guaranteed that the coin will flip on 'heads' the next time you toss it.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2014, 23:29
jullysabat wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?
A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the
D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

Can someone please explain the reasoning???
I am stuck....

B says Government efforts doesn't affect much on employment trends. But the argument never claims government is attempting to change the trends. The argument says government is attempting create paths of upward mobility of the youth who are employed at these low barrier entry level jobs. Employment doesn't counts career movement - doesn't matter whether you are at entry level or top management level.

Could someone help ?
Other answer choices are also equally wrong.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2014, 00:24
the conclusion is : To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields

that means that the argument is contending that govt intervention could help to achieve this goal .now what does the question ask?

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

that means we do not have to kill the argument but we have to present a statement that can most help us to weaken the conclusion
B says: Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely---->thereby creating that element of doubt in the validity of the conclusion

does that help?
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2014, 08:24
the conclusion is : To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields

that means that the argument is contending that govt intervention could help to achieve this goal .now what does the question ask?

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

that means we do not have to kill the argument but we have to present a statement that can most help us to weaken the conclusion
B says: Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely---->thereby creating that element of doubt in the validity of the conclusion

does that help?

As per argument, the government's intervention is supposed to affect the youth after they are employed. How does it weaken the argument if government's efforts doesn't affect much before employment ?
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2014, 09:28
Quote:
As per argument, the government's intervention is supposed to affect the youth after they are employed

this interpretation is not correct !!

the govt is trying to update people so that they have required skills to fill in those jobs .for instance if there is a job for typist then all govt needs to do is to get him learn a "typing" .now whether he outperforms in his job or is a moderate worker is none of govt concern !!
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2014, 04:44
jullysabat wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?
A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

Can someone please explain the reasoning???
I am stuck....

Guys, can someone explain why the answer is B?
If the potential employees aren't aware, than nothing will help.
I vote for E.
Can someone help with this?
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2014, 23:22
ronr34 wrote:
jullysabat wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?
A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

Can someone please explain the reasoning???
I am stuck....

Guys, can someone explain why the answer is B?
If the potential employees aren't aware, than nothing will help.
I vote for E.
Can someone help with this?

Hello ron

Please read the blue part above. The argument just says to achieve the results, the city government must have a very important role - convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility. It means the argument just focus on government's role. Thus, the plan won't be achieved if the government impacts very rarely on employment trend. => B is correct.

How about E? Very tempting but if you just focus on key idea "government's role om employment trend", you will see how E is not correct. Assume young people are unaware of employment opportunities, but government affects on employment trend very well, so those young people will have better chances of getting job. The KEY is they are unaware does not mean they will not be affected by government's effect. If the effect is good, young people will be affected positively. Thus, E does not weakens the argument.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2015, 11:15
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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2015, 11:28
A) Not relevant
B) YES, if government efforts are ineffective then it would not make sense to achieve any result through a government effort
C) That’s exactly why the program is needed
D) Not relevant
E) Not relevant and this is something the government effort could technically help with
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2015, 11:28

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