Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 28 Jun 2016, 04:33
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 25 Sep 2004
Posts: 21
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 65 [2] , given: 0

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2004, 18:19
2
This post received
KUDOS
46
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:55) correct 42% (02:13) wrong based on 2468 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
6 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 14 Sep 2005
Posts: 993
Location: South Korea
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 113 [6] , given: 0

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2005, 22:56
6
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

I believe this is clearly (C).

It is true that there was a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia.

But the total number of television sets assembled in Borodia does not need to be decreased, if the average number of hours taken to assemble one television set has significantly decreased.

Like this:

Before
- Number of TV assemblers = 10
- Average hour needed per one TV set = 2
- Number of TV sets assembled per day = 120

After
- Number of TV assemblers = 5
- Average hour needed per one TV set = 1
- Number of TV sets assembled per day = 120

Therefore, if the average hour needed to assemble one TV set is decreased, Borodia does not need to import more TV sets.



However, (D) doesn't have to be assumed since there also is a possibility that Vernland reduced the local sales of the TV sets and increased export, or that the demand for TV sets in Vernland decreased.
_________________

Auge um Auge, Zahn um Zahn :twisted: !

5 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Sep 2004
Posts: 82
Location: New York City
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [5] , given: 0

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2004, 18:27
5
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.

This choice is the correct one - the author is assuming the time it takes to assembly one TV in Borodian has not changed. For if it had decreased, the whole argument would collaps > there would be less workers producing the same number of TVsets.
The argument doesn't mention that number of TVs decreased.

Last edited by michalky on 11 Oct 2004, 18:30, edited 1 time in total.
4 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1153
Location: United States
Followers: 221

Kudos [?]: 2384 [4] , given: 123

Premium Member
Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Mar 2013, 02:00
4
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ratinarace wrote:
@gyanone....any tips for pre thinking for such assumptions...I really waste lot of time evaluating the choices...


Hi Ratinarace:

If you want to increase your critical thinking speed, I highly recommend you read "Critical Reasoning - Bible".
For assumption questions, we have 2 types: supporter assumption, and defender assumption. I won't talk in detail here. This question is asking you about supporter assumption.

The question wants you to explain the link: why a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia leads to an increase of TV import from Vernland. Clearly, there's a gap between "number of assemblers" and "TV import". The logic is: the number of Borodia TV assemblers decreases --> the number of TVs assembled in Borodia decreases --> Borodia has to import more TV from Vernland.

Name Q = the number of TV assemblers in Borodia
Name T = average hour/day to assemble a TV
Name K = the number of working hours/day for each assembler = constant.
Name P = total TV assembled/day = (K/T) x Q

The stimulus says Q decreased --> P only decrease if T stays the same of just decreases a little bit. Otherwise, if T decreases significantly --> P maybe increase --> so logic would be failed.

For instance:

Q= 100 people; T= 10 hours/TV; K = 10 hours --> the number of TV per a assembler per day = K/T = 10/10 = 1 TV/day --> total TV assembled/day = (K/T)xQ = 1 x 100 = 100 TVs

if Q changes to 50 people, T also decreases to 2.5 hours; K = 10 --> each person will assemble 4 TVs/day --> Total TV = 4 x 50 = 200 TVs --> P increases --> the logic is failed
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

2 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Apr 2008
Posts: 320
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 63 [2] , given: 0

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2008, 11:04
2
This post received
KUDOS
I need help with this CR , I don't get the reason behind correct answer . I know the answer already , so some explanation with your replies will be helpful

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly
lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as
much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in
Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble
a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased
significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and
the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the
next few years.
2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2010
Posts: 121
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [2] , given: 6

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2011, 06:06
2
This post received
KUDOS
Good question.. C is correct..

The number of television sets sold in Borodia remains the same for three years.
Major difference between the three years as the stimulus states is that there is a decrease in the number of tv assemblers.

So in spite of the reduction in tv assemblers, the city still manages to sell the same number of tv sets. And the stimulus attributes the maintenance of the same number of tv sets sold in Borodia to the imports of tv sets from Vernland to fulfill the deficit created by loss of tv assemblers.

This conclusion can be arrived at provided the reduced tv assemblers do not speed up their work in assembling more tv sets than they generally do. Exactly this is what option C conveys. Hope this clarifies...

This is a defender type of assumption question!
2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Status:
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 884
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V48
GRE 1: 1540 Q800 V740
Followers: 108

Kudos [?]: 454 [2] , given: 16

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Mar 2013, 12:15
2
This post received
KUDOS
If the number of televisions sold in Borodia has not changed, and the number television assemblers in Borodia has gone down, this can mean only two things.

1. The reduced number of assemblers in Borodia means lesser TVs produced in Borodia. The difference is then made up by importing TVs from Vernland
2. The reduced number of assemblers in Borodia are more productive now than they used to be - and they are able to produce the same number of televisions as earlier.

1 is stated explicitly in the stimulus. Lets look at the options to see if we can find 2, or a better assumption, somewhere.

(A): This is not an assumption. It is possible that the assemblers in Vernland are more productive, and for example one assembler in Vernland can produce twice the number of TVs produced by one assembler in Borodia. In that case even if the TVs are being imported from Vernland, the decrease in assemblers in Borodia need not confirm exactly to the increase in the number of assemblers in Vernland
(B): TV features are irrelevant to the argument here.
(C): This is exactly assumption 2 that we mapped out earlier. Correct.
(D): This does not help to reach the conclusion of the stimulus. For instance, it is possible that the local market in Vernland expanded in this period, and in that case the additional TVs would be needed to just satisfy local demand, not import demand for Borodia.
(E): The difference in wage rates is not a factor here.

C is therefore correct.
_________________

GyanOne | Top MBA Rankings and MBA Admissions Blog

Premium MBA Essay Review|Best MBA Interview Preparation|Exclusive GMAT coaching

Get a FREE Detailed MBA Profile Evaluation | Call us now +91 98998 31738

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 11 Sep 2005
Posts: 324
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 152 [1] , given: 0

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Sep 2007, 11:18
1
This post received
KUDOS
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.

Debated over A & D....finally I picked D....views with explanations are invited!
1 KUDOS received
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1366
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 461 [1] , given: 10

Reviews Badge
Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jun 2008, 18:42
1
This post received
KUDOS
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly
lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Given:
1.wages V < wages B
2.Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions -> cheaper to import
3.the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed
4.droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia
5.statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased

From the above 5 points we can deduce that - there is still a market for televisions in B, but the manufacturing has dropped and imports have increased.Its profitable to import TVs from V than manufacture in B. This is possible only 1.Wage/hr have not increased in V 2. Time taken to assembl ehas not increased

C fits teh bill
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 648
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 385 [1] , given: 6

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2009, 21:43
1
This post received
KUDOS
First of all please do not post OA immediately. Give us a chance to try, mate.

Facts are:
1) Wage is lower in Vernland than Borodia
2) NO tax on imported TV from Vernland
3) Number of assemblers has decreased @ Borodia
Outcome is: STILL TV sales at Borodia are not hampered.

Conclusion: Only way it can happen if import has increased significantly.

Assumption: But what if average number to assemble a TV has decreased drastically? So less assembler could still assemble same number of TV.

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
– Not required essentially
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
– Out of scope
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
- True
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
-- Same kind of statement like A’s.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years
-- Future aspect is OOS
_________________

If You're Not Living On The Edge, You're Taking Up Too Much Space


Last edited by priyankur_saha@ml.com on 09 Mar 2009, 21:46, edited 1 time in total.
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 261
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 232 [1] , given: 3

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2009, 13:28
1
This post received
KUDOS
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Oct 2009
Posts: 66
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 23 [1] , given: 5

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2009, 20:00
1
This post received
KUDOS
Is it [C] because if the # of hours it takes assemblers in Borodia has decreased, then fewer assemblers would be needed to assemble the same # of TV's as 3 years prior. Hence it must be assumed that this is not the case.
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Aug 2005
Posts: 60
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [1] , given: 0

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2009, 01:21
1
This post received
KUDOS
i think it's (C). If number of televisions sold in Borodia has not changed, and the number of assemblers decreased in Boradia, it could mean that the number of hours assemblers spend to make a television decreased, not necessarily the import from Vernland increased. But since the author is saying that the it's the increase of import, it's assumed that the number of hours assemblers spend to make a television in Borodia has not decreased.
1 KUDOS received
Current Student
avatar
Joined: 25 Nov 2012
Posts: 7
Schools: Darden '16 (A)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.29
WE: Corporate Finance (Consulting)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [1] , given: 1

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Apr 2013, 12:24
1
This post received
KUDOS
Answer is (C). I'll try to explain via a hypothetical dialogue.

First identify the conclusion, which in my own words, translates to

"Borodia must have imported more TVs"

A skeptic would then ask, "what makes you come to that conclusion?"

I reply -- "well, because of a few reasons, which are stated in my premises":

1) Borodia sold the same # of TVs for the past 3 years
2) Borodia lost some of its own TV assemblers

1+2 Combined) Borodia sold the same number of TVs while employing fewer assemblers.

1+2+Conclusion) Borodia sold the same number of TVs while employing fewer assemblers. Therefore, they must have imported more TVs

Skeptic, still skeptical, then asks: "well...what if somehow, just SOMEHOW, there was another way Borodia supplied its TVs while employing fewer employees?"

I then reply, "well...I assume there wasn't any other way."

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Now look at choice (C): The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.


This is telling me the few remaining TV assemblers in Borodia might have become more efficient and produced more TVs per hour.
Tying it back to my hypothetical dialogue:

"Like I said, I assume there is no other way Borodia produced the same # of TVs as last year, including this scenario"

Therefore, answer is (C).
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1958
Followers: 1869

Kudos [?]: 6083 [1] , given: 251

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Apr 2013, 18:18
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi,

The passage in the question is one of those arguments, which, at e-GMAT, we classify as QPA arguments or Quantitative Predictive Arguments. We had written an article on the same some time back. It might help.

a-framework-to-prethink-in-quantitative-predictive-arguments-146436.html

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
_________________

Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinars to learn how to:

[*] Master Number Properties
[*] Ace Critical Reasoning

The webinars will start at 7 AM PST on the 11th and 12th of July, 2015.

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 353
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT Date: 08-20-2015
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 88 [1] , given: 89

Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2016, 09:21
1
This post received
KUDOS
Nez wrote:
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
Nez wrote:
Nevernevergiveup
This is clear from the word go.
My prethink assumption was MORE TVs were imported from vernland to make the sales remain same.
That's obvious.
How does that relate to C (average hour used to assembly TV...) I.e. how long it takes to assembly a TV in Borod. folks here must think I'm an idiot or something. but believe me I'm struggling to establish the logical link.

Posted from my mobile device Image


Please understand the causual argument hidden here.
Go through this article for the same.
http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2011/01/ ... -arguments

If you still have a doubt, best weapon to test the assumption is to negate it.
Try to negate C and then observe the conclusion to collapse.

Nevernevergiveup
I tried negating it and the conclusion became more powerful and inevitable.
If it takes them more time to make a telly then they would produce less TV and that's more reason Vernland has to come in so that sales remains same.

Am I missing something?


Hi Nez,

I have tried to cover it with my understanding. hope it helps:

This is defender assumption question. Definition (in my own words)

Defender assumption : it means when you conclude something from the information (premises) given, then any information that a critique/lay-man may use to attack/break that conclusion is what you have to defend the conclusion with by saying NO "this is not the case".

So defender assumption is that unstated premise, which the critque may use to attack and you would negate that infor to defend the conclusion.

V=Vernland, B=Borodia

FACT(Premise-1) : Avg hourly wage of V is less than B.

FACT(Premise-2) : Since B dropped Tariffs (charges levied on import of goods) on V's TVs, the #ofTVs sold has not changed.

FACT(premise-3) : Number of assemblers is dropped in B.

Conclusion : Number of TVs imports annualy has increased from V.

Explanation:
I am critique who is good at stats and just by looking at this argument i come and attack this conclusion by saying --->"The technology has increased and has been helping the assemblers so well that they can now assemble a TV in 10 hours which used to take 20 hours 3 years before. So companies in B has dropped the number of assemblers by half who can assemble as many number of TVs as previously assembled. It means that the reason for "the #ofTVs sold has not changed." is the new technology in B not that B has increased import from V.

So this is the information on which argument DEPENDS. Because its not stated as a premise hence it is ASSUMPTION. So if you as the writer tell this/add this in argument then your conclusion is just safe from THIS one particular attack.

Now how to apply this:
Whenever you try to pre-think or paraphrase, just try to think of the key things/points that may attack the conclusion. These points are related to main parameters of argument. In this questions these parameters are hourly wages, number assembler, number of television and average. Of course MOST of the times (at least me) cannot come up with anything on pre-thinking BUT i get know what parameters are there and how are they related.
Now this is very important atleast for someone who is preparing for the GMAT that s/he knows what can impact average, what can imapct number or what can impact hours or what can impact wages when all of these are related.

So when i was doing this question I could not paraphrase anything but the moment i saw hours in the choice i kept it safe and read other choices. took a little long but this was the real attacker.

For defender assumption most of the you will see that a answer choice using negative word is correct. so pick such choices first.WHY? "because you are saying this my conclusion and yeah this is NOT the case if u attack me with it." (general understanding).

Hope it helps :)
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
helpful post means press '+1' for Kudos!

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 930
Location: India
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 370 [1] , given: 57

Premium Member CAT Tests
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2016, 10:10
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
chetan2u wrote:

hi,
This might be the first time I have come across a OG Q which is not very convincing..
Yes, in the given choices C may be the best ..
So let me take C..
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
If the Borodian television assembler have started taking lesser time, why should it translate into fewer assembler?
Yes it would mean lesser hour spent on assembling ..

there is a point mentioned above that assembler will not shift to V because hourly wages are lesser as compared to B..
but if B was getting paid $7 per hour and was assembling 1 TV, whereas in V, they were getting $4 and were also assembling 1 tv in one hour..
But B has become more efficient and is now assembling 2 tv..
B is getting paid $3.5 per TV whereas C is getting $4 per TV..
Now yes the assembler in B could move to C
..


Hi chetan2u

I got your point.
But even in this case, how can that job immigration help our conclusion explaining the increase in imported TVs from vernland?
The concept that assembler in B could not move to C is my assumption which is proved false by you. But again how do we know whether they moved to somewhere else or only vernland. We have no info regarding the decrease in number of assemblers right?
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.


My posts
beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
possessive-pronouns-200496.html
double-negatives-206717.html

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 6677
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 1831

Kudos [?]: 11142 [1] , given: 219

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2016, 23:06
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
linker wrote:
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.


The question seems to be giving a lot of pain but actually, it is absolutely fine. As expected, OG does not falter here too.
Forget everything you have read about this question before and look at it with fresh eyes:

Premises:
- The hourly wage of assemblers in V is much lower than that in B.
- 3 yrs ago, B dropped all tariffs on TVs imported from V.
- Number of TVs sold annually in B is same.
- But number of assemblers in B has decreased.

Conclusion: Trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions B imports annually from V has increased.

The conclusion might look logical but is full of assumptions.
Why logical? Wages in V are lower (so seems like TVs are cheaper in V). B dropped all tariffs on import (so no artificial inflation of TV prices ofV) . Number of TVs sold in B has not dropped but number of assemblers in B has dropped (looks like fewer TVs are getting made in B).
An onlooker might conclude that B is importing more TVs from V because they are cheaper.

But here are some assumptions:
- The cost of a TV in V is lower because assembler's wage is lower. What if the raw material cost is higher in V? Or other costs are higher? The cost of a V TV could actually be higher than the cost of a B TV.
- Fewer TVs are getting made in B. Assemblers in B have not become more productive. What if fewer assemblers are needed because they can complete assembly process much faster? The number of TVs sold is the same. If each assembler is doing more work, fewer assemblers will be needed. In that case, the number of TVs getting made in B might have stayed the same.

Look at the options:

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
Not required by the conclusion. Perhaps number of TVs being sold in V has actually reduced and more are getting exported to B. SO overall number of TVs being made is the same.

B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
Not required by the conclusion. The TVs could be exactly the same. They could be cheaper because of which they could be getting imported from V.

C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
This is an assumption. We are assuming that the reduction in the number of assemblers is not because of an increase in the productivity of the assemblers. If the assemblers have got more productive, the number of TVs produced could be the same and hence the import would not have increased.

D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
Not required by the conclusion. Perhaps number of TVs being sold in V has actually reduced and more are getting exported to B. So overall number of TVs being made is the same.

E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
Not required by the conclusion. What happens to the hourly wages of assemblers in V and B in future is not a concern for this in this argument. We are only concerned about what has been happening in the last 3 yrs.

Answer (C)
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199

Veritas Prep Reviews

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 353
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT Date: 08-20-2015
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 88 [1] , given: 89

Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2016, 23:27
1
This post received
KUDOS
Hi Nez
Quote:
new dimension though vulnerable
Mention of ‘vulnerability’ is good, It’s expression would be Better. Please share, I am sure it will help me bring unstated facts :P

Quote:
The tip you mentioned about a negated option. Is it for real? Isn't GMAC smarter than that?

Of course GMAT is way smarter. But as well know it’s all about PATTERNS in questions. So what I said is likely to be the case. I also said MOST (51%) of the times you will see this.

Having said that I think I have more data to give you clear picture of why assumptions are there and how many kinds of assumptions are relevant in GMAT and how would you recognize them and how would it help you answer them.


ASSUMPTIONS: There are two kind of assumptions.
1. Supporter Assumptions
2. Defender Assumptions


See, How convenient are these names that they themselves suggest the real meaning.

Supporter assumption is required for weak arguments and Defender assumption is required for strong arguments and NO assumption for just FACT based arguments (arguments that has no conclusion).

For Weak argument, you need some information to fill the GAP i.e. missing link between the premise and conclusion. Whereas, for Strong argument, you need some information that helps maintain the strong bond between the premise and conclusion. (This is the key reason negative words or any word that helps writing an unstated promise TO DEFEND the conclusion from attack is generally found in the correct answer choice).

If you identify whether it is a supporter assumption or defender assumption real fast then you can make your mind up while reading whether you need to find out the missing link OR think of the possible attacks.

So, How do we identify whether its supporter or defender assumption? Following keywords in Question stamp would help:

Enables, supports, allows, helps, accounts are the key words for SUPPORTER ASSUMOPTION.

Depends on, required, relies, assumes, necessary, based are some keywords for DEFENDER ASSUMPTION.

_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
helpful post means press '+1' for Kudos!

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 353
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT Date: 08-20-2015
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 88 [1] , given: 89

Premium Member CAT Tests
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Apr 2016, 02:50
1
This post received
KUDOS
Nez wrote:
ASSUMPTION FLUX
Thanks VeritasPrepKarishma. Your explanation isn't very dissimilar from HKD1710's.
Just that yours lacked debilitating theories. Thanks.
I get this message from what both of you said. C is based on multilayered reasoning kind of.. which is common in the other og-700 level questions. In this unique one you essentially assess the options by asking WHAT led to the fact in the option? Then the WHAT has an answer that provides alternative cause to somthing in the premise... EVEN THOUGH what led to reduced hour, efficient process, might not necessarily offset the reduced output but the fact that it might is enough of a good assumption. am I right? cos if it MUST then it wouldn't be an assumption but an inference. And also, EVEN THOUGH this particular alternative cause didn't totally disprove the other cause(it didn't suggest slightly that both didn't play. it didn't show/suggest that the improved process totally offset output reduction such that no need for V import. We just assumed it). I get it.
What I didn't get is folks telling me negating C made the conclusion to crumble. Where did they get that from? it didn't work like that.

HKD1710 your question stamp thing. is it for real? I'll check it.


Quote:
HKD1710 your question stamp thing. is it for real? I'll check it.


Yes this is 100% correct. No assumption in this at least. :D, Well this from my notes that i made after reading reading reading. BUT i have zero percent doubt on its validity. Apply in all the assumption based question and apply the thinking process which i have suggested. After 10-15 question you will see that at least 30 sec is saved.

Now let me come to your doubt:
Quote:
What I didn't get is folks telling me negating C made the conclusion to crumble. Where did they get that from? it didn't work like that.


Doesn't the following which i mentioned in the first explanation help answering the above?
Quote:
Of course MOST of the times (at least me) cannot come up with anything on pre-thinking BUT i get know what parameters are there and how are they related.


See after practice we are able to find the assumption. but for tough questions, coming up with almost exact assumption is really crucial.

The point to note here is YOU DO NOT HAVE TO COME UP (most of the times) with a fact that would attack the conclusion and the same would present in answer choices, BUT you have to think about PARAMETERS SO THAT YOU CAN EASILY RECOGNIZE THE CORRECT CHOICE.


Best way to tackle an assumption question is following the below points in order:

1. Keep the concepts in mind.
2. Use them to bring out the crux of the argument.
3. Note down (in mind) all the parameters, which argument is based on.
4. Now probably if you have not come up with any assumption then just look at the choices.
5. Glance over the choices for POE. Pick up those choices first that involve "negative words or any word that helps writing an unstated promise TO DEFEND the conclusion (as i said earlier)".
6. when you are not too firm and are stuck b/w two choices (of course if you have time to spare another 15-20 sec) then do NEGATION test. Negation test is REMEDY for assumptions. i wont say you can do without it but it brings surety and firmness about the right choice being right.

Hope this brings more clarity and conceptual understanding :)
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
helpful post means press '+1' for Kudos!

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2016, 02:50

Go to page    1   2   3   4   5    Next  [ 94 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
The average hourly wage of shoe factory workers in Manoda ar dqtuan9627 0 07 May 2014, 02:04
23 The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland umeshpatil 9 30 Apr 2013, 22:48
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland mun23 0 17 Mar 2013, 02:00
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland TomB 0 26 Mar 2012, 23:17
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland linker 0 29 Aug 2012, 20:30
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.