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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland

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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2004, 17:19
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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR: Assumption [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2004, 17:27
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C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.

This choice is the correct one - the author is assuming the time it takes to assembly one TV in Borodian has not changed. For if it had decreased, the whole argument would collaps > there would be less workers producing the same number of TVsets.
The argument doesn't mention that number of TVs decreased.

Last edited by michalky on 11 Oct 2004, 17:30, edited 1 time in total.
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CR:television assemblers [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2008, 10:04
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I need help with this CR , I don't get the reason behind correct answer . I know the answer already , so some explanation with your replies will be helpful

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly
lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as
much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in
Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble
a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased
significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and
the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the
next few years.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink] New post 06 Mar 2013, 11:15
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If the number of televisions sold in Borodia has not changed, and the number television assemblers in Borodia has gone down, this can mean only two things.

1. The reduced number of assemblers in Borodia means lesser TVs produced in Borodia. The difference is then made up by importing TVs from Vernland
2. The reduced number of assemblers in Borodia are more productive now than they used to be - and they are able to produce the same number of televisions as earlier.

1 is stated explicitly in the stimulus. Lets look at the options to see if we can find 2, or a better assumption, somewhere.

(A): This is not an assumption. It is possible that the assemblers in Vernland are more productive, and for example one assembler in Vernland can produce twice the number of TVs produced by one assembler in Borodia. In that case even if the TVs are being imported from Vernland, the decrease in assemblers in Borodia need not confirm exactly to the increase in the number of assemblers in Vernland
(B): TV features are irrelevant to the argument here.
(C): This is exactly assumption 2 that we mapped out earlier. Correct.
(D): This does not help to reach the conclusion of the stimulus. For instance, it is possible that the local market in Vernland expanded in this period, and in that case the additional TVs would be needed to just satisfy local demand, not import demand for Borodia.
(E): The difference in wage rates is not a factor here.

C is therefore correct.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink] New post 17 Mar 2013, 01:00
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ratinarace wrote:
@gyanone....any tips for pre thinking for such assumptions...I really waste lot of time evaluating the choices...


Hi Ratinarace:

If you want to increase your critical thinking speed, I highly recommend you read "Critical Reasoning - Bible".
For assumption questions, we have 2 types: supporter assumption, and defender assumption. I won't talk in detail here. This question is asking you about supporter assumption.

The question wants you to explain the link: why a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia leads to an increase of TV import from Vernland. Clearly, there's a gap between "number of assemblers" and "TV import". The logic is: the number of Borodia TV assemblers decreases --> the number of TVs assembled in Borodia decreases --> Borodia has to import more TV from Vernland.

Name Q = the number of TV assemblers in Borodia
Name T = average hour/day to assemble a TV
Name K = the number of working hours/day for each assembler = constant.
Name P = total TV assembled/day = (K/T) x Q

The stimulus says Q decreased --> P only decrease if T stays the same of just decreases a little bit. Otherwise, if T decreases significantly --> P maybe increase --> so logic would be failed.

For instance:

Q= 100 people; T= 10 hours/TV; K = 10 hours --> the number of TV per a assembler per day = K/T = 10/10 = 1 TV/day --> total TV assembled/day = (K/T)xQ = 1 x 100 = 100 TVs

if Q changes to 50 people, T also decreases to 2.5 hours; K = 10 --> each person will assemble 4 TVs/day --> Total TV = 4 x 50 = 200 TVs --> P increases --> the logic is failed
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Re: CR:television assemblers [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2008, 17:42
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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly
lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Given:
1.wages V < wages B
2.Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions -> cheaper to import
3.the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed
4.droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia
5.statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased

From the above 5 points we can deduce that - there is still a market for televisions in B, but the manufacturing has dropped and imports have increased.Its profitable to import TVs from V than manufacture in B. This is possible only 1.Wage/hr have not increased in V 2. Time taken to assembl ehas not increased

C fits teh bill
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Re: CR question ,please help me [#permalink] New post 09 Mar 2009, 20:43
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First of all please do not post OA immediately. Give us a chance to try, mate.

Facts are:
1) Wage is lower in Vernland than Borodia
2) NO tax on imported TV from Vernland
3) Number of assemblers has decreased @ Borodia
Outcome is: STILL TV sales at Borodia are not hampered.

Conclusion: Only way it can happen if import has increased significantly.

Assumption: But what if average number to assemble a TV has decreased drastically? So less assembler could still assemble same number of TV.

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
– Not required essentially
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
– Out of scope
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
- True
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
-- Same kind of statement like A’s.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years
-- Future aspect is OOS
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Television Assemblers [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2009, 12:28
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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
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Re: Television Assemblers [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2009, 19:00
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Is it [C] because if the # of hours it takes assemblers in Borodia has decreased, then fewer assemblers would be needed to assemble the same # of TV's as 3 years prior. Hence it must be assumed that this is not the case.
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Re: Television Assemblers [#permalink] New post 12 Oct 2009, 00:21
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i think it's (C). If number of televisions sold in Borodia has not changed, and the number of assemblers decreased in Boradia, it could mean that the number of hours assemblers spend to make a television decreased, not necessarily the import from Vernland increased. But since the author is saying that the it's the increase of import, it's assumed that the number of hours assemblers spend to make a television in Borodia has not decreased.
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Re: CR-Hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2011, 05:06
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Good question.. C is correct..

The number of television sets sold in Borodia remains the same for three years.
Major difference between the three years as the stimulus states is that there is a decrease in the number of tv assemblers.

So in spite of the reduction in tv assemblers, the city still manages to sell the same number of tv sets. And the stimulus attributes the maintenance of the same number of tv sets sold in Borodia to the imports of tv sets from Vernland to fulfill the deficit created by loss of tv assemblers.

This conclusion can be arrived at provided the reduced tv assemblers do not speed up their work in assembling more tv sets than they generally do. Exactly this is what option C conveys. Hope this clarifies...

This is a defender type of assumption question!
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2013, 11:24
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Answer is (C). I'll try to explain via a hypothetical dialogue.

First identify the conclusion, which in my own words, translates to

"Borodia must have imported more TVs"

A skeptic would then ask, "what makes you come to that conclusion?"

I reply -- "well, because of a few reasons, which are stated in my premises":

1) Borodia sold the same # of TVs for the past 3 years
2) Borodia lost some of its own TV assemblers

1+2 Combined) Borodia sold the same number of TVs while employing fewer assemblers.

1+2+Conclusion) Borodia sold the same number of TVs while employing fewer assemblers. Therefore, they must have imported more TVs

Skeptic, still skeptical, then asks: "well...what if somehow, just SOMEHOW, there was another way Borodia supplied its TVs while employing fewer employees?"

I then reply, "well...I assume there wasn't any other way."

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Now look at choice (C): The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.


This is telling me the few remaining TV assemblers in Borodia might have become more efficient and produced more TVs per hour.
Tying it back to my hypothetical dialogue:

"Like I said, I assume there is no other way Borodia produced the same # of TVs as last year, including this scenario"

Therefore, answer is (C).
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2004, 17:27
only A resolves the paradox
If workers from B decreased, in order for B to show increased imports from V, V has to have increased the number of workers by at least as much as the # of workers that left B
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Re: CR: Assumption [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2004, 17:51
Both A and C look good.

A talks of propotionate number increase in Vernland, which sounds logical to the argument.
C indicates that total demand of TVs was met by less number of assemblers. logical.

I will take A and move on.
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Re: CR: Assumption [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2004, 22:22
I got A as the answer.
The conclusion is that the imports from Vernland to Borodia have increased. It means that the demand for assemblers is more in Vernland than in Borodia which justifies the recent statistics.

B - 'features' is extraneous

C - 'number of hours' is irrelevant'

D - 'during the past 3 years' is unjustifiable as far as 'recent statistics.

E - 'next few years' does not help up in arriving athe conclusion.

linker wrote:
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.

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 [#permalink] New post 12 Oct 2004, 14:40
A.
I think the key is to differentiate between an assumption question and an inference question. Several answers could be infered, but A is the one which logically connects with the conclusion IMO.
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Re: CR: Assumption [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2004, 02:51
linker wrote:
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.


Why not "D" ?
Author says :
"Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed."

Conclusion: " the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased. "

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 [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2004, 03:19
The reason why D is not as strong as A is because it says "significantly". What if Borodia now imports about 100 TVs from Vernland(instead of the usual 50) but yet, Vernland now produce 100,100 instead of 100,050 TVs due to this increased demand. Vernland could be a very large country whereby the increased demand by Borodia could have a very small impact on its overall production. Can we say that Vernland increased its assembling significantly?
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CR: TV Assemblers [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2005, 02:24
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
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Re: CR: TV Assemblers [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2005, 08:19
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
Re: CR: TV Assemblers   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2005, 08:19
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