The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve
Why is E wrong ?????
I followed below approach:
[s]The Baldrick Manufacturing[/s] Company has [s]for
several years[/s] followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
the efficiency [s]of its
All strike through are prepositional middleman which are acting like big adjectives.
Company has followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
First check is "and" so both side of "and" should be parallel so option B is incorrect because it contains "decreasing" and "to improve".
D looks wordy and more of that if policy is being modified by "the aim of which...." then modifier generally starts with preposition, pariciple or which/that or in other cases at least with comma.
E is wrong because of idiom. "with the aim of v+ing"
Now the real fight is between C and A.
Past participle represents "completed action" (please note I didn't mention past) and present participle represent "on going or presently available action".
Here policy should be modifies by past participle because when policy was implemented/followed then aim/result of policy was already known. Infact in order to acheive that aim , company has followed particular policy.
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