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The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years

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The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2012, 08:45
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73% (01:36) correct 26% (00:56) wrong based on 394 sessions
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is E wrong ?????
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2012, 21:50
'Aimed at' and 'with the aim of' are used in different context.
E.g.
Shikar aimed at scoring a 760 in the GMAT. (you aim at something)
Shikar studied hard for the GMAT with the aim of getting into a top B-school. (you did something with the aim of getting something else)

You get the difference?
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2012, 22:13
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(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving

directly modifies policy --> hence correct.

(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

it modifies company, but here we need a modifier modifying the policy- hence incorrect
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 03:24
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving- correct
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve- incorrect
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving- incorrect
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving-incorrect
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve-incorrect
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 20 May 2012, 12:12
kraizada84 wrote:
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving

directly modifies policy --> hence correct.

(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

it modifies company, but here we need a modifier modifying the policy- hence incorrect



I don't agree with your explanation behind rejecting E. In E, 'with' modifies 'policy only... not company.
For following reasons , why E is rejected :

1> A doesn't have any problem in it
2> E seems to have redundancy.
-U try to remove 'with the aim' from this option (policy to decrease operating costs and to improve) and option still conveys clear meaning.
This is because 'use of aim' actually to depict the purpose of subject and at many occasions, 'to+verb' is also used to play the same role.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 20 May 2012, 18:59
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving - the most concise one
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve - wrong parallelism
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving - looks tempting, but wrong parallelism
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving - wordy, wrong parallelism
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve - a policy was meant to aim at its purpose. 'With' usage sounds like the company followed a policy AND its aim separately. Policy and Aim should go together.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 21 May 2012, 05:23
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shikhar wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Why is E wrong ?????


Hi Shikhar,

There are two different idioms wit “aim” - “aim to do” and “with the aim of doing”. Let’s see their usage in simple sentences:

a. Joe aims to finish his book by the end of this month.
b. Joe is writing the book with the aim of finishing it by the end of this month.

Choice E uses the idiom “with the aim to decrease…”. This is not an idiomatic expression. This makes choice E incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 06 Jun 2012, 20:05
shikhar wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Why is E wrong ?????


i pick A here, B is out for parallelism. D and E are out for unidiomatic expression. C is a bit tricky in my point of view. the policy is object of the sentence so verb-ed is to be used to modify the policy. please correct me if my thought process is wrong

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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2012, 02:11
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IMO A... Simple idiom issue... "Aim to" is correct...
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2012, 07:46
IMO A it is...the correct use of idiom makes it perfect.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2012, 21:38
shikhar wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Why is E wrong ?????


I followed below approach:

[s]The Baldrick Manufacturing[/s] Company has [s]for
several years[/s] followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency [s]of its
distribution system.[/s]

All strike through are prepositional middleman which are acting like big adjectives.

Company has followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency.

First check is "and" so both side of "and" should be parallel so option B is incorrect because it contains "decreasing" and "to improve".

D looks wordy and more of that if policy is being modified by "the aim of which...." then modifier generally starts with preposition, pariciple or which/that or in other cases at least with comma.

E is wrong because of idiom. "with the aim of v+ing"

Now the real fight is between C and A.
Past participle represents "completed action" (please note I didn't mention past) and present participle represent "on going or presently available action".
Here policy should be modifies by past participle because when policy was implemented/followed then aim/result of policy was already known. Infact in order to acheive that aim , company has followed particular policy.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2013, 00:06
Can someone help explain why "aimed at" is used here instead of "aiming at"? Agree that "aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system" definitely modifies the preceding N "policy". In other words, it should read:

The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy which aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

and should be re-written as:

The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aiming at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

Wonder if I miss some point here.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2013, 07:31
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Hi Kimberly - No it's correct as it is.

To think about it logically - the policy was devised once, and that policy was (past tense) aimed at something.

They continue to use the policy, but it was created in the past and still points in the same direction.

Hope that makes sense.

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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2013, 17:03
Hi plumber250,

I got your point already. Thanks a lot & it surely works out.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2013, 12:35
Expert's post
the Simplest solution is:

Decreasing || improving is intended. Now both are adjectives. the moment an adj is followed by an article it becomes a NOUN. leaves us with correct answer choice A
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2013, 12:35
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