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The beer industry is still very profitable and the

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The beer industry is still very profitable and the [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2010, 13:51
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The beer industry is still very profitable and the projections are that it will remain so. In the United States this year, the total amount of beer sold by breweries has increased, even though the number of adults who drink beer has decreased.

Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in beer sales and decrease in the number of adults who drink beer EXCEPT:
1. During this year, the number of women who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of men who have quit drinking beer.
2. The number of underage people who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of adults who have quit drinking beer during the same period.
3. During this year, the number of nondrinkers who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of people who have quit drinking beer.
4. The people who have continued to drink beer consume more beer per person than they have in the past.
5. More of the beer made in the United States this year was exported to other countries than was the case last year.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2010, 16:39
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Hey All,

Looks like there's some confusion on this one, so I figured I'd weigh in. Always feel free to PM me with any specific questions.

The beer industry is still very profitable and the projections are that it will remain so. In the United States this year, the total amount of beer sold by breweries has increased, even though the number of adults who drink beer has decreased.

Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in beer sales and decrease in the number of adults who drink beer EXCEPT:

This is an explain the discrepancy question, which are often among the simplest on the test. This one makes things a bit more interesting by making it an EXCEPT question, but because it repeats the discrepancy itself in the question stem, all we need to do is think about what explains the EXACT discrepancy (not anything else).

1. During this year, the number of women who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of men who have quit drinking beer.
ANSWER: This would actually mean MORE people are drinking beer this year. But the discrepancy is that FEWER people are drinking beer, and sales are still up. That doesn't work.

2. The number of underage people who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of adults who have quit drinking beer during the same period.
PROBLEM: This does explain the discrepancy by playing off the word "adults". Sales among adults could be down, but sales among the underage could be up (more than adult sales are down), leading to the described discrepancy.

3. During this year, the number of nondrinkers who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of people who have quit drinking beer.
PROBLEM: Again, they're playing with "people" over "adults". This could thus explain the discrepancy if the people aren't adults.

4. The people who have continued to drink beer consume more beer per person than they have in the past.
PROBLEM: This does explain the discrepancy. In fact, it's the most obvious. I think D is popular here because people missed the EXCEPT. Classic!

5. More of the beer made in the United States this year was exported to other countries than was the case last year.
PROBLEM: This explains why there are more sales, in spite of the fact that fewer people are drinking.

Hope that helps!

-tommy

P.S. In the future, don't put "easy one" on a question or no one will look at it. This one's actually quite tricky!
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2010, 21:50
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psychomath wrote:
How can it be A?!?! I go for D for starters!


A it is.

The argument:

Fact 1: The total beer sold increased.
Fact 2: The total # of adult drink beer decreased.

The question is, how can the total # of adult decreased and the total beer sold still increase? Which answer could explain this? (We looking in this case for the answer that doesn't explain this)

D said that, (even though the total # of adults drinking beer decreased) the # of people who remain drinking drink a lot more than they did in the past. This could explain Fact 1, fact 2 is just accepted in this case. Therefore D explains the situation hence Incorrect here.

A said the number of women begin drinking > the number of men quit drinking. What do we have? Remember both women and men are adults, therefore the # of adults begin drinking > the number of adult quit drinking. Thus we should have the # of adults drinking increase. This contradicts fact 2. Thus exactly what we are looking for.
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 14:58
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A) is comparing the
-number of women who have begun to drink
-no. of men who have quit drinking
to solve the discrepancy on the question u also need to have data about
-no. of women who have quit drinking
-no. of men who have begun to drink.
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2010, 14:05
What is the difference of the impact between A and D? I don't get it... In A. women nondrinkers joined the club and in D, the nondrinkers started drinking. Why would A be a better answer than D...
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2010, 21:07
How can it be A?!?! I go for D for starters!
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2010, 21:43
psychomath wrote:
How can it be A?!?! I go for D for starters!


I took the question from here:
http://www.informit.com/articles/articl ... 9&seqNum=4

Last edited by Financier on 15 Sep 2010, 05:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 15 Aug 2010, 20:14
gautrang wrote:
psychomath wrote:
How can it be A?!?! I go for D for starters!


A it is.

The argument:

Fact 1: The total beer sold increased.
Fact 2: The total # of adult drink beer decreased.

The question is, how can the total # of adult decreased and the total beer sold still increase? Which answer could explain this? (We looking in this case for the answer that doesn't explain this)

D said that, (even though the total # of adults drinking beer decreased) the # of people who remain drinking drink a lot more than they did in the past. This could explain Fact 1, fact 2 is just accepted in this case. Therefore D explains the situation hence Incorrect here.

A said the number of women begin drinking > the number of men quit drinking. What do we have? Remember both women and men are adults, therefore the # of adults begin drinking > the number of adult quit drinking. Thus we should have the # of adults drinking increase. This contradicts fact 2. Thus exactly what we are looking for.



Agreed-A should be the answer
Other choices resolves the discrepancy stated.
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 15 Aug 2010, 21:48
+1 for A
The below link explained it well:
http://www.informit.com/articles/articl ... 9&seqNum=4
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2010, 05:21
I am little bit confused between A and C. Can somebody clear my doubt about C?

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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2010, 05:37
ingoditrust wrote:
I am little bit confused between A and C. Can somebody clear my doubt about C?

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C said: During this year, the number of nondrinkers who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of people who have quit drinking beer.

=> The number of adults drink beer increased, this contradicts with the premise, thus C is incorrect
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2010, 11:06
Can someone please explain why E is incorret here?

I understood that the sale of beer increased but how does E explain that the # of adults drinking beer decreased.

Also, can someone elaborate on why C is incorrect because C says that the # of non-drinkers who started drinking is more than the # of drinkers who quit drinking.
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2010, 20:31
A complicates the paradox without doubt.

a) During this year, the number of women who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of men who have quit drinking beer. ------> I believe this choice even contradicts the premise.

Premise : the total amount of beer sold by breweries has increased, even though the number of adults who drink beer has decreased.----> You are not allowed to contradict the premise.
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2010, 01:34
AGREED WID A
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 07 Mar 2011, 22:53
It was tricky to decide between A and C. But A is irrelevant so A is answer
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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2011, 10:49
Hey Tommy

Could you please help me understand below sentence ?

ANSWER: This would actually mean MORE people are drinking beer this year. But the discrepancy is that FEWER people are drinking beer, and sales are still up. That doesn't work.

Does the discrepancy say that FEWER people are drinking beer and sales are still up or Does it say that FEWER ADULTS are drinking beer, and sales are still up. (Notice the difference between people and adults)

If I do not replace ADULTS with PEOPLE, I may have a different opinion for Option C.

Total Initial Beer Drinkers=100 (Adults=50, Non Adults=50 )

Let's say
Non drinkers getting added=70 (Adults=40, Non Adults=30)
Initial beer drinkers who quit=50(all from Non Adults group)

Total Beer Drinkers now=120 ( Adult 90, Non Adults 30)

This does not resolve the discrepancy that FEWER ADULTS are drinking beer and sales are still up. Do I make sense ?

TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

Looks like there's some confusion on this one, so I figured I'd weigh in. Always feel free to PM me with any specific questions.

The beer industry is still very profitable and the projections are that it will remain so. In the United States this year, the total amount of beer sold by breweries has increased, even though the number of adults who drink beer has decreased.

Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in beer sales and decrease in the number of adults who drink beer EXCEPT:

This is an explain the discrepancy question, which are often among the simplest on the test. This one makes things a bit more interesting by making it an EXCEPT question, but because it repeats the discrepancy itself in the question stem, all we need to do is think about what explains the EXACT discrepancy (not anything else).

1. During this year, the number of women who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of men who have quit drinking beer.
ANSWER: This would actually mean MORE people are drinking beer this year. But the discrepancy is that FEWER people are drinking beer, and sales are still up. That doesn't work.

2. The number of underage people who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of adults who have quit drinking beer during the same period.
PROBLEM: This does explain the discrepancy by playing off the word "adults". Sales among adults could be down, but sales among the underage could be up (more than adult sales are down), leading to the described discrepancy.

3. During this year, the number of nondrinkers who have begun to drink beer is greater than the number of people who have quit drinking beer.
PROBLEM: Again, they're playing with "people" over "adults". This could thus explain the discrepancy if the people aren't adults.

4. The people who have continued to drink beer consume more beer per person than they have in the past.
PROBLEM: This does explain the discrepancy. In fact, it's the most obvious. I think D is popular here because people missed the EXCEPT. Classic!

5. More of the beer made in the United States this year was exported to other countries than was the case last year.
PROBLEM: This explains why there are more sales, in spite of the fact that fewer people are drinking.

Hope that helps!

-tommy

P.S. In the future, don't put "easy one" on a question or no one will look at it. This one's actually quite tricky!

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Re: Easy one (Beer and breweries) [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2011, 19:05
psychomath wrote:
How can it be A?!?! I go for D for starters!


A only explains the sales of beer increase, but not explain the number of adults who drink bear decrease because the women and the men also are the ADULTS.
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Re: The beer industry is still very profitable and the [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2011, 19:57
Fell for C :(
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Re: The beer industry is still very profitable and the [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 11:05
A
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Re: The beer industry is still very profitable and the [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2013, 01:35
I chose C, and I'm not convinced that the hinge to distinguish between A & C is the assumption that "Women" and "Men" mentioned in option A are supposed to be adults while "non-drinkers" and "people" mentioned in C could be mistaken for non-adults.

Who's to say that Women and Men in (A) are adults?
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Re: The beer industry is still very profitable and the   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2013, 01:35
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