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# The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the

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Manager
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The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2006, 20:58
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The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constucting canals so that the water now empties into the Mississippi by way of the Illinois River.

A.

B. Rivers had originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but they had been redirected by constucting

C. Rivers, which originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan but have been redirected by the construction of

D. Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by the construction of

E. Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, have been redirected through the construction of
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19 Apr 2006, 21:02
Straight E.
If we remove the clause ' originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan ', the remaining sentence
'Calumet Rivers .........have been redirected ' still makes sense.
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19 Apr 2006, 21:14
buzzgaurav wrote:
Straight E.
If we remove the clause ' originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan ', the remaining sentence
'Calumet Rivers .........have been redirected ' still makes sense.

agree with you that OA should be E.

but "originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan" is not a clause. its a phrase.
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19 Apr 2006, 21:17
Professor wrote:
buzzgaurav wrote:
Straight E.
If we remove the clause ' originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan ', the remaining sentence
'Calumet Rivers .........have been redirected ' still makes sense.

agree with you that OA should be E.

but "originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan" is not a clause. its a phrase.

Slip of tongue, oops .
Guess my hangover is still not over.
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19 Apr 2006, 21:23
buzzgaurav wrote:
Professor wrote:
buzzgaurav wrote:
Straight E.
If we remove the clause ' originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan ', the remaining sentence
'Calumet Rivers .........have been redirected ' still makes sense.

agree with you that OA should be E.

but "originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan" is not a clause. its a phrase.

Slip of tongue, oops .
Guess my hangover is still not over.

how do you say that that was your toung slip cuz u were not speaking but only drinking and smiling?
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20 Apr 2006, 19:28
OA is E
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20 Apr 2006, 21:34
Late, but (E). v~ing phrases are often tested on the GMAT.
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20 Apr 2006, 22:31
Question: Whats the difference between CLAUSE and PHRASE?!!!
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20 Apr 2006, 22:45
A phrase is a group of words acting as a single part of speech and not containing both a subject and a verb. It is a part of a sentence, and does not express a complete thought.

Whereas a clause is a group of words containing a subject and verb. A clause is either a whole sentence or in effect a sentence-within-a-sentence.
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21 Apr 2006, 04:17
Very late, but E.

buzzgaurav wrote:
A phrase is a group of words acting as a single part of speech and not containing both a subject and a verb. It is a part of a sentence, and does not express a complete thought.

Whereas a clause is a group of words containing a subject and verb. A clause is either a whole sentence or in effect a sentence-within-a-sentence.

Nice explanation by buzzraghav!
Adding to what he said, in this context: 'originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan'

verb - flowing
object - St. Lawrence
subject - ?

Thats why this is a phrase and not a clause.
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