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The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the

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The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2009, 09:48
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169. The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing canals so that the water now empties into the Mississippi by way of the Illinois River.
A. Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing
B. Rivers had originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but they have been redirected by constructing
C. Rivers, which originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan but have been redirected by the construction of
D. Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by the construction of
E. Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, have been redirected through the construction of
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Re: SC: Rivers Flowing [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2009, 10:54
scthakur wrote:
kman wrote:
169. The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing canals so that the water now empties into the Mississippi by way of the Illinois River.
A. Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing - "having been" is awkward
B. Rivers had originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but they have been redirected by constructing - past perfect and present perfect are not required.
C. Rivers, which originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan but have been redirected by the construction of - "but" is not required
D. Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by the construction of - "but" is not required
E. Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, have been redirected through the construction of - correct


Hi scthakur, Is it gramatically incorrect to have past perfect and present perfect ? Or is it for brevity that you eliminated B ?
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Re: SC: Rivers Flowing [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2009, 11:12
kman wrote:
Hi scthakur, Is it gramatically incorrect to have past perfect and present perfect ? Or is it for brevity that you eliminated B ?


I am not a grammar guru, but logically, I would prefer a simple past + present perfect combination in place of past perfect + present perfect.
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Re: SC: Rivers Flowing [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2009, 00:17
for option B, "constructing" looks awkward also
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Re: SC: Rivers Flowing [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2009, 04:52
kman wrote:
169. The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing canals so that the water now empties into the Mississippi by way of the Illinois River.
A. Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing
B. Rivers had originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but they have been redirected by constructing
C. Rivers, which originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan but have been redirected by the construction of
D. Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by the construction of
E. Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, have been redirected through the construction of


Hi mates,

IMO E

A is akward and also present perfect continuos is not needed
B out: past perfect should be "cut" by past simple and not by present perfect
C out: a main verb for rivers is needed
D out: same as in C and also, present perfect continuous sounds akward

OA and Source?

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Re: SC: Rivers Flowing [#permalink] New post 09 Feb 2009, 08:55
OA is E. Source: GMATPREP SC
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Re: SC: Rivers Flowing [#permalink] New post 09 Feb 2009, 22:53
Agree with the explanation given by scthakur.
one shld prefer past perfect +simple past instead of past perfect +simple perfect
Re: SC: Rivers Flowing   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2009, 22:53
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