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The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the

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The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the [#permalink] New post 28 Jan 2010, 15:04
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The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing canals so that the water now empties into the Mississippi by way of the Illinois River.

(A) Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing
(B) Rivers had originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but they have been redirected by constructing
(C) Rivers, which originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan but have been redirected by the construction of
(D) Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by the construction of
(E) Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, have been redirected through the construction of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by mau5 on 30 Nov 2013, 12:48, edited 1 time in total.
Added the OA
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Re: Chicago and Calumet Rivers [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2010, 08:03
I marked B because redirected through looks wrong idiom. Can someone confirm this?
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Re: Chicago and Calumet Rivers [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2010, 09:27
Even i marked B.

Eliminated E for the same reason as stated above.
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Re: Chicago and Calumet Rivers [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2010, 11:23
so the answer is not B, i tried.
which one is correct one?
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Re: Chicago and Calumet Rivers [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2010, 12:51
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IMO E. Clearly the choices are between B and E. A, C, D are improper sentence constructions in itself.

Now for B, past perfect (had) is not appropriate. There is no past tense later in the sentence to which this event can relate to; instead present perfect (have) is used. So this is incorrect. Possibly "had" could have been correct in case it was written "rivers had originally flowed into ..., but then their course was diverted by..."

That leaves E - which seems to have no flaws.

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Re: Chicago and Calumet Rivers [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2010, 23:06
Nice question.

The Chicago and Calumet Rivers, [strike]originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan[/strike], have been redirected through the construction of canals so that the water now empties into the Mississippi by way of the Illinois River.

E it is.
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Re: Chicago and Calumet Rivers [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2010, 03:21
E is my Take as well.

B Rivers had originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but they have been redirected by constructing . Had and constructing are spoiling the show
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Re: The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2012, 02:47
In B 'by constructing' refers back to the rivers which is not the case...E is better
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Re: The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the [#permalink] New post 30 Nov 2013, 08:40
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Re: The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the [#permalink] New post 01 Dec 2013, 01:28
Can someone explain this one plz!

Thx you :)
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Re: The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2014, 14:32
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The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing canals so that the water now empties into the Mississippi by way of the Illinois River.

(A) Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing (-ing modifier is not correct)
(B) Rivers had originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but they have been redirected by constructing (past perfect is unnecessary no other past even is mentioned for sequencing )
(C) Rivers, which originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan but have been redirected by the construction of (fragmented sentence first part before but has no verb)
(D) Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by the construction of (same mistake as A, -ing modifer having bean is 99% wrong)
(E) Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, have been redirected through the construction of (perfect S,ing,verb...)

only E follows correct grammatical construction.
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Re: The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2014, 07:50
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HERE IS THE COMPLETE DISSECTION


The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing canals so that the water now empties into the Mississippi by way of the Illinois River.

(A) Rivers originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by constructing.

The use of “having been” is incorrect. We do not expect a “so that” construction after “having been”. “so that” introduces a consequence to an action. “having been” introduces the concept of premise. They do not go well together. Moreover we should expect more informations after “having been”, which makes this answer a fragment.

(B) Rivers had originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but they have been redirected by constructing.

The use of “had” is incorrect. If past perfect is used in a sentence make sure that:
1. it is really needed (the two events are related, need a temporal regulation, and the earliest event is preceded by a past perfect verb).
2. The verb expressing the second temporal event is in past tense.

(C) Rivers, which originally flowed into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan but have been redirected by the construction of.

“comma+which” refers to the item directly preceding “which” -except for cases in which a prepositional phrase is squeezed in, between the modifier's target and the comma preceding the modifier, because it cannot be logically placed elsewhere in the sentence. In this sentence the use of “which” is correct, but this rule is good to recall. What makes this sentence wrong is:
1. The lack of a comma after “Lake Michigan” we already have a subordinator (“which”) we do not want another one in the same sentence.
2. The use of “but” baffles and is incorrect. Because of “But” The entire sentence structure is screwed.

(D) Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, but having been redirected by the construction of

Once agin “having been” fits terribly beside “so that”. “But” bewilders the sentence’s meaning.

(E) Rivers, originally flowing into the St. Lawrence by way of Lake Michigan, have been redirected through the construction of
Re: The Chicago and Calumet Rivers originally flowed into the   [#permalink] 13 Jul 2014, 07:50
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