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The city council will certainly vote to approve the new

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The city council will certainly vote to approve the new [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2011, 08:15
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73% (02:12) correct 28% (01:09) wrong based on 74 sessions
The city council will certainly vote to approve the new downtown redevelopment plan, despite the objections of environmentalists. After all, most of the campaign contributions received by members of the city council come from real estate development firms, which stand to benefit from the plan.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

(A) Several members of the city council receive sizable campaign contributions from environmental lobbying groups.
(B) Members of the city council are required to report the size and source of each campaign contribution they receive.
(C) Not every real estate development firm in the city will be able to participate in, and profit from, the new downtown redevelopment plan.
(D) The members of the city council have often voted in ways that are opposed to the interests of their campaign contributors.
(E) Some environmentalists have stated that the new downtown redevelopment plan might be environmentally sound if certain minor modifications are
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Re: CR-The city council [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2011, 12:54
I picked D. What's the OA?

The city council will certainly vote to approve the new downtown redevelopment plan, despite the objections of environmentalists. After all, most of the campaign contributions received by members of the city council come from real estate development firms, which stand to benefit from the plan.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

(A) Several members of the city council receive sizable campaign contributions from environmental lobbying groups. Even if this is true, we don't know how big this contributions are or even if they were big how they will affect the city council's vote
(B) Members of the city council are required to report the size and source of each campaign contribution they receive. It's already known that real estate development firms make large campaign contributions and thus will not weaken the argument
(C) Not every real estate development firm in the city will be able to participate in, and profit from, the new downtown redevelopment plan. This does not weaken the argument either. Even if not every real estate firm would be able to participate does not mean that some will not participate and influence the city council's vote
(D) The members of the city council have often voted in ways that are opposed to the interests of their campaign contributors. Correct! If the members of the city council have often voted in ways that are opposed to the interests of their campaign contributors, then they might vote against this time as well, irrespective of contributions. This weakens the argument!
(E) Some environmentalists have stated that the new downtown redevelopment plan might be environmentally sound if certain minor modifications are made. This does not weaken the argument.
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Re: The city council will certainly vote to approve the new [#permalink] New post 08 May 2012, 09:16
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Re: The city council will certainly vote to approve the new [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2012, 07:44
even the option a weakens the argument but option d
is more better

isnt the first option acceptable if we dont have d
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Re: The city council will certainly vote to approve the new [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2012, 10:49
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mohan514 wrote:
even the option a weakens the argument but option d
is more better

isnt the first option acceptable if we dont have d


A weakens the argument a bit, but the language in the arugment states that "most" of the contributions come from real-estate, so the number and size of individual donations by environmentalist is irrelevant because a majority come from real-estate. [This is a fairly frequent GMAT trick - switching from relative amounts (most) to general numbers (several) - watch out for these subtle shifts].

It is common to have 2 options that both weaken an argument, hence the "which most weakens" language in the question. Your job is to quickly eliminate the obviously wrong answers so you can differentiate between to "close" answer to see which one is "most" correct.

KW
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Re: The city council will certainly vote to approve the new [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2012, 03:26
KyleWiddison wrote:
mohan514 wrote:
even the option a weakens the argument but option d
is more better

isnt the first option acceptable if we dont have d


A weakens the argument a bit, but the language in the arugment states that "most" of the contributions come from real-estate, so the number and size of individual donations by environmentalist is irrelevant because a majority come from real-estate. [This is a fairly frequent GMAT trick - switching from relative amounts (most) to general numbers (several) - watch out for these subtle shifts].

It is common to have 2 options that both weaken an argument, hence the "which most weakens" language in the question. Your job is to quickly eliminate the obviously wrong answers so you can differentiate between to "close" answer to see which one is "most" correct.

KW


Kyle,

Thanks for this, a quick questions here is, the argument states that, the city council will "certainly" vote in favor...

In this case there is no doubt as to whether they will or won't, its certain they will, hence i feel that D is not the apt answer choice.

C would be a better weakning statement in this case.

Kindly advice with your thoughts on this.

Thanks
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Re: The city council will certainly vote to approve the new [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2014, 01:30
The below question is very relevant, can anybody answer it? Thanks.
------

Kyle,

Thanks for this, a quick questions here is, the argument states that, the city council will "certainly" vote in favor...

In this case there is no doubt as to whether they will or won't, its certain they will, hence i feel that D is not the apt answer choice.

C would be a better weakning statement in this case.

Kindly advice with your thoughts on this.

Thanks
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Re: The city council will certainly vote to approve the new [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2014, 08:16
Expert's post
sathiyavelan wrote:
The below question is very relevant, can anybody answer it? Thanks.
------

Kyle,

Thanks for this, a quick questions here is, the argument states that, the city council will "certainly" vote in favor...

In this case there is no doubt as to whether they will or won't, its certain they will, hence i feel that D is not the apt answer choice.

C would be a better weakning statement in this case.

Kindly advice with your thoughts on this.

Thanks


Watch out for the wording in these arguments. The wording does say "will certainly vote", but that phrase is part of the conclusion and therefore is not factual (conclusions are always opinion - in this case it is a strongly worded opinion). For example, I can state that I will certainly win the lottery because I feel lucky today. I said certainly, but there is no way to be certain about this future, super uncertain event. Recognizing that this "certainty" is just an opinion, we are not required to have universal benefit to real estate firms as answer choice C might suggest.

The argument is structured like this:
Conclusion: The city council will certainly approve development plan (in spite of objections)
Premise: Most campaign contributions come from real estate firms who would benefit from plan

We are asked to weaken the argument, so we need to attack an assumption. Here the author is assuming that because a city council member receives campaign funds from a certain group he/she will always vote in favor of measures that will benefit that group. Answer choice D attacks the assumption by saying that city council members often oppose measures that benefit their campaign contributors.

Does that clear things up?

KW
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Re: The city council will certainly vote to approve the new [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2014, 08:48
@KyleWiddison,

Thanks a lot for your response. Indeed, things are very clear now. CR is my weakest area among all the sections of GMAT :(
Re: The city council will certainly vote to approve the new   [#permalink] 31 Mar 2014, 08:48
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