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# The city government should invest surplus funds in improving

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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2006, 20:14
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

B. The first is a statement of fact in support of the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
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16 Jul 2006, 20:29
I would think it is A

E was close, but "consequences" sounded strong as they haven't occured yet... not sure what "impending" meant until after I looked it up... not possible to do on GMAT

Last edited by u2lover on 16 Jul 2006, 20:30, edited 1 time in total.
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16 Jul 2006, 20:29
A?
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17 Jul 2006, 00:40
Will go with A too.

E is a close one. But the auhor is clearly predicting what wil happen in the future. Its not a certainity.
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17 Jul 2006, 00:46
Id say the "current state of affairs" in A is the non-boldfaced portion in the middle.

(B) seems plausible. Darn BF CRs really get me confused.

2:21

**add to error log
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17 Jul 2006, 00:59
It looks like B to me. In the second sentence 'as a result' is a clue, that it is the conclusion and the first statement is one of the supporting facts of that conclusion.
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17 Jul 2006, 00:59
I also think that A is best
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Re: CR Bold Face: City Government [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2006, 02:49
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

B. The first is a statement of fact in support of the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion. ruled out because the first is a premise of a first subconclusion

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem. second does not offer prop to solve prob but is a conclusion

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation. out could fit first explanation not second
E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

down to A and E but in E the first seems not to be a justification but more a expl of current state of affair and a prediction of what could happen I ll pick then A
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17 Jul 2006, 02:52
GMATT73 wrote:
Id say the "current state of affairs" in A is the non-boldfaced portion in the middle.

(B) seems plausible. Darn BF CRs really get me confused.

2:21

**add to error log

the first part of B is a Premise of the first sub conclusion that is cited in the first line is not directly linked to the final conclusion.... that is at the end
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17 Jul 2006, 18:59
OA is A.

OE:
The correct answer is A.

The conclusion of the argument is that the city will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and the city's financial health will be jeopardized if the city does not make changes soon to the transportation network. This is also the second bolded sentence. The first bolded sentence states that most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. We need to find a choice that correctly describes both of these bolded statements.

Choice A states that the first statement is an explanation of a current state of affairs. This is consistent with the passage. The first bolded statement explains why the transportation network is unsuitable for the city today. Choice A goes on to describe the second bolded statement as a prediction based on that state of affairs. This is also consistent with the passage: the second bolded statement predicts what will happen as a result of the inadequacy of the current transportation network. Correct.

None of the other choices correctly describes the two bolded statements.
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17 Jul 2006, 21:13
Can anyone explain why not E?
Also,what is the conclusion of the given argument?
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17 Jul 2006, 21:24
zoom612 wrote:
Can anyone explain why not E?
Also,what is the conclusion of the given argument?

Conclusion:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network.

Current State:
1. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
2. The subway system is outdated and understaffed.

Consequences if Conclusion is not implemented:
it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

Now it should be pretty clear why E is wrong.
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17 Jul 2006, 23:21
u2lover wrote:
I would think it is A

E was close, but "consequences" sounded strong as they haven't occured yet... not sure what "impending" meant until after I looked it up... not possible to do on GMAT

I like your explanation. The word "consequences" seems strong and the author is actually predicting what "will" happen, not what has already happened. I guess if it had already happened, then E would have more weight
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19 Jul 2006, 05:15
Torn between A &B. From the explanations above, I guess A is right.
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