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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving

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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2007, 18:04
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A
B
C
D
E

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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
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Re: CR - Transportation [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2007, 18:18
iamba wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.


Either A or E for me.
I picked A because it said "prediction".
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2007, 18:23
I go with A, too.
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2007, 21:05
I had initially struggled between A and E.
I really like A bc of prediction (re: iamba), but is the first part really describing the present state of affairs? IMO, this seems like more of the justification of the problem, as E states.
I like E here, because the first part sounds like the justification of why the city has a small network, and the relocation of the main industries coupled with the "city's health [being] jeopardized" sounds like a consequence of the problem to me.
I say E!
OA, anyone?
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Re: CR - Transportation [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2007, 21:14
iamba wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.


I go with A
The first one is an explanation of the current state of affairs and the second one is actually a prediction and not a proven consenquence.
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2007, 22:40
Quote:
I go with A
The first one is an explanation of the current state of affairs and the second one is actually a prediction and not a proven consenquence.


Definately.

Quote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.


For E, it is not a justification of the problem. It just provides an explanation, of the current state. Nowhere are the key words that author justifies this as a problem, the city cant deal with! So definately not E.
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2007, 22:54
Would go for A .
Note the 'IMPENDING' in E ,the first boldface is for an existing problem not impending.
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Re: CR - Transportation [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2007, 09:08
iamba wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.


I'll go with E. The first underlined part to me doesn't give the current state of affairs - the author no where says the problem is existing today - but the author says what exists today was based on an old infrastructure requirement - which can no longer hold up - and then the next bold face describes what would happen if the problem is not remedied.
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 [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2007, 09:25
dreamgmat1 wrote:
Would go for A .
Note the 'IMPENDING' in E ,the first boldface is for an existing problem not impending.


I was leaning towards E, but now i change my mind. good catch! So A it is.
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 [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2007, 09:31
dreamgmat1 wrote:
Would go for A .
Note the 'IMPENDING' in E ,the first boldface is for an existing problem not impending.


The first bold face goes back in past to highlight something that's likely to happen because it's inconsistent with the foreseeable demand...
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 [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2007, 10:05
A for me too
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 [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2007, 16:05
what's the OA?
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 [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2007, 16:16
One more A
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 [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2007, 17:09
dreamgmat1 wrote:
Would go for A .
Note the 'IMPENDING' in E ,the first boldface is for an existing problem not impending.


Agree dreamgmat1...A it is.

Hi iamba...please post the OAs within 24 hrs...Thanks
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2007, 16:53
OA is A

E is ruled out because of the term IMPENDING. The first bold part describes an existing problem, not an impending problem
  [#permalink] 18 Jul 2007, 16:53
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