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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving

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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 04:20
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A)The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
B)The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
C)The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
D)The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
E)The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 04:30
IMO it is E

'Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.'

This is to justify the fact that the system was better on a smaller population, which is way different than what the situation is today.

'If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.'

If no action is taken, what will happen (a consequence).
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 04:42
I agree.

The first boldface is a premise and the second boldface is the conclusion.

That narrows it down to B and E.

B is not correct because the premise is not in opposition to the conclusion. Which leaves E. The premise is the justification of a problem and the conclusion is the consequence of that problem.
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 04:43
It is E.. Quite straight forward..
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 04:46
Not E. The problem is not "impending". It is existing. Moreover "The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient" is a justification rather than the boldface

Give it another shot
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 05:28
aaron22197 wrote:
Not E. The problem is not "impending". It is existing. Moreover "The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient" is a justification rather than the boldface

Give it another shot


Don't tell me it's A :no , cause the bold face is a justification. The first statement is trying to justify why the system is small. Cause they didn't predict how many people will begin to use it. Now that many are using it, it does not function as well as it did in the past.
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 05:52
It is A.

I can see the first bold as an explanation and not justification(may be....) . But I thoroughly agree with the second bold face that it is a prediction.

In E, the second boldface cannot be a certain consequence. It is only a potential consequence=prediction.
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 05:56
Well I could see how it could be A.

The second boldface is definitely the conclusion. So a conclusion could be a prediction. What throws me off is that the in A it says that the first boldface is the current state of affairs.

'Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.'

To me saying most of the network was built in the 70's doesn't describe the "current state of affairs" today. We just knok most of it was built in the past. Just because the network was built in the past tells me nothing about the current state of the network today. It could be doing good or bad. The next two sentences to me, describe the current state of affairs.

'The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.'

This tells us how the state of the network today.
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2008, 06:54
aaron22197 wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A)The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
B)The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
C)The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
D)The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
E)The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.


Answer choice A.

an explanation of a current state of affairs: Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.

the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs: If the city does not make changes soon to thenetwork, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2009, 11:38
+1 for A
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2010, 19:00
Tough fight between A and E. First I choose E after close look I choose A. I have eliminated E based on second sentence. Second sentence is prediction and not a consequence.
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2010, 12:26
aaron22197 wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A)The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
B)The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
C)The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
D)The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
E)The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.


E is a very tempting answer. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. --> is the impending problem here not the first bold face line.

A is the answer.

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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2010, 21:43
I went with A.
But if any expert can help to negate E , that will surely help.
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2010, 00:13
I will explain why E is wrong.

"impending problem" is wrong. It is the current situation.

Also focus on the keyword "prediction" in choice A. Its precise. The second boldface is the conclusion of the argument. Hence "prediction" is the right keyword.

Argument Claim Point Position Prediction --------> Conclusion
Consideration Fact information Justification Supposition Assumption -----> Premise

rohitgoel15 wrote:
I went with A.
But if any expert can help to negate E , that will surely help.

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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2010, 12:52
I also fell into trap. I narrowed down between A and E but selected E.

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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2011, 09:25
Same Trap. Chose E.. A is better..
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Re: boldface CR [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2011, 19:00
+1 for A.

The second bold face is a classic conditional statement. If X happens + Y will happen. Though the presence of "will" points to a more definite occurence than can/would, it is still just a prediction.

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Re: boldface CR   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2011, 19:00
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