The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton

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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 06:11
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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A: The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
B: The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
C: The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
D:The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
E: The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 07:09
I answered C. The reason for the same is:
A - out of context.
B - will not be a measure to evaluate the conclusion. It will not give sufficient data to measure the argument.
C - Correctly measures the relative data for corruption and competence. Hence the answer.
D - No way a measure to evaluate the conclusion
E - IMO this one along with C was close to be the answer. But this one does not in fact connect the relation b/w corruption and competence.
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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 08:00
I originally went for E, I think your explanation makes more sense than MGMAT explanation. Thank you
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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 10:00
any reason why C mentions 1950? It's a bit confusing... other than that it is perfect choice assuming there is a way to "measure" corruption and competence which is one of the reasons I didnt choose C....and of course like always I am again wrong..duhh
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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 21:20
I wonder why didn't anyone voted for B?

B: The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 03:03
nusmavrik wrote:
I wonder why didn't anyone voted for B?

B: The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

why not B ?
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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2010, 13:31
"For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption." So the Pendleton Act should be maintained as it is.

Why the Act shoud be maintained?

May be because it helped Americant government to become more competent than corrupt. This can be known ony by comparing the levels of competence and corruption for a given period of time. (C) does that.

Even though I was not very convinced with E (because the pecentage from corruption in 100 years is not compared with the percentage from some other period) I picked it because "1950" in option (C) threw me off.
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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2010, 09:12
I was confused b/w C and E. Finally i opted E as 1950 pissed me off. Other than this C looks better option.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 04:56
Agree with others, not sure why 1950 is mentioned. E for some reason felt better, but in hindsight C seems correct except for that 1950.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 10:30
A: The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years-out of context
B: The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders-low level of satisfaction does not mean person will become corrupt
C: The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present-best answer because it tracks corruption level over a period of time
D:The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act-out of context
E: The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act-question stem itself tells that "for a hundred year, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption"-therefore cant be answer
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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14 May 2014, 18:28
B is wrong because it says "office holder" which is not mentioned in the text
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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15 May 2014, 12:01
The key thing I noted when I read the stimulus was the huge time gap. If the prediction about today is to hold true, something has to tie together the information from the past and the present, and show that there are similar conditions at play here. Choice C, while it doesn't cover the whole time period, does the most towards accomplishing my goal.

Choice A is irrelevant
Choice B is out of scope, but seems like it could be right because of the description of Garfield's assassin.
Choice D ---yeah, no
Choice E doesn't address current day. Also number of people convicted could be proof that the Act works because people are getting caught or doesn't because people are hired to begin with.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2014, 13:05
C cannot be the correct answer. It is similar to the claim by most industrialists - "Since last 50 years of industrialization didn't result in all the ice-caps to melt, hence they will not melt in future"

The Act kept corruption levels down and competence levels up for the past 100 years, but that doesn't mean it's going to work in the future as well.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2016, 09:25
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2016, 10:05
nifoui wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A: The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
B: The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
C: The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
D:The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
E: The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act

C - because if we negate C the assumption (For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption) falls apart.

I doubt if this Q is that difficult, probably 600-700 level.
Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2016, 10:05
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