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# The climbing season of 2006 was the deadliest on record for

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The climbing season of 2006 was the deadliest on record for [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2012, 07:43
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The climbing season of 2006 was the deadliest on record for those attempting to conquer Mount Everest, the
world’s tallest mountain, as more people perished attempting to reach the summit in 2006 than in any other year.
Interestingly, most mountaineering experts attribute the high number of fatalities, almost all of which occurred in
the unforgiving “death-zone” above 26,000 feet, directly to the exceptionally good weather prevalent during the
2006 climbing season. Which of the following, if true, best helps to explain the conclusion of the mountaineering
experts?
• All of the forecasts were for extremely bad weather; the good weather was a significant surprise to all of the
climbers.
• The good weather prompted significantly more people than ever to try to reach the summit and enter the “deathzone,”
many of whom would have turned back at a lower altitude in poorer weather.
• The good weather caused the “death-zone” to have warmer temperatures and less intense winds than in recent
years.
• Modern equipment is particularly effective in protecting climbers from the elements in bad weather.
• Many accomplished climbers don’t attempt Mt. Everest during good weather because they feel it is not a challenge.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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29 Oct 2012, 09:07
hermit84 wrote:
The climbing season of 2006 was the deadliest on record for those attempting to conquer Mount Everest, the
world’s tallest mountain, as more people perished attempting to reach the summit in 2006 than in any other year.
Interestingly, most mountaineering experts attribute the high number of fatalities, almost all of which occurred in
the unforgiving “death-zone” above 26,000 feet, directly to the exceptionally good weather prevalent during the
2006 climbing season. Which of the following, if true, best helps to explain the conclusion of the mountaineering
experts?
• All of the forecasts were for extremely bad weather; the good weather was a significant surprise to all of the
climbers.
• The good weather prompted significantly more people than ever to try to reach the summit and enter the “deathzone,”
many of whom would have turned back at a lower altitude in poorer weather.
• The good weather caused the “death-zone” to have warmer temperatures and less intense winds than in recent
years.
• Modern equipment is particularly effective in protecting climbers from the elements in bad weather.
• Many accomplished climbers don’t attempt Mt. Everest during good weather because they feel it is not a challenge.

More people died despite good weather - Only B gives a good explanation for this. Number of people tried to reach summit and entered the dreaded 'death zone' because of good weather. So one, we have a bigger pool and two, we have bigger pool of people not conditioned to such zones. This explaines why number of deaths was high in 2006.

Ans B it is.
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29 Oct 2012, 09:19
Vips0000 wrote:
hermit84 wrote:
The climbing season of 2006 was the deadliest on record for those attempting to conquer Mount Everest, the
world’s tallest mountain, as more people perished attempting to reach the summit in 2006 than in any other year.
Interestingly, most mountaineering experts attribute the high number of fatalities, almost all of which occurred in
the unforgiving “death-zone” above 26,000 feet, directly to the exceptionally good weather prevalent during the
2006 climbing season. Which of the following, if true, best helps to explain the conclusion of the mountaineering
experts?
• All of the forecasts were for extremely bad weather; the good weather was a significant surprise to all of the
climbers.
• The good weather prompted significantly more people than ever to try to reach the summit and enter the “deathzone,”
many of whom would have turned back at a lower altitude in poorer weather.
• The good weather caused the “death-zone” to have warmer temperatures and less intense winds than in recent
years.
• Modern equipment is particularly effective in protecting climbers from the elements in bad weather.
• Many accomplished climbers don’t attempt Mt. Everest during good weather because they feel it is not a challenge.

More people died despite good weather - Only B gives a good explanation for this. Number of people tried to reach summit and entered the dreaded 'death zone' because of good weather. So one, we have a bigger pool and two, we have bigger pool of people not conditioned to such zones. This explaines why number of deaths was high in 2006.

Ans B it is.

B it is, too.

In stimulus:
X -> Y
Good weather -> More entrants in dead zone?

B is a missing assumption that affirms the conclusion.
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Re: The climbing season of 2006 was the deadliest on record for [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2013, 11:05
hermit84 wrote:
The climbing season of 2006 was the deadliest on record for those attempting to conquer Mount Everest, the
world’s tallest mountain, as more people perished attempting to reach the summit in 2006 than in any other year.
Interestingly, most mountaineering experts attribute the high number of fatalities, almost all of which occurred in
the unforgiving “death-zone” above 26,000 feet, directly to the exceptionally good weather prevalent during the
2006 climbing season. Which of the following, if true, best helps to explain the conclusion of the mountaineering
experts?
• All of the forecasts were for extremely bad weather; the good weather was a significant surprise to all of the
climbers.
• The good weather prompted significantly more people than ever to try to reach the summit and enter the “deathzone,”
many of whom would have turned back at a lower altitude in poorer weather.
• The good weather caused the “death-zone” to have warmer temperatures and less intense winds than in recent
years.
• Modern equipment is particularly effective in protecting climbers from the elements in bad weather.
• Many accomplished climbers don’t attempt Mt. Everest during good weather because they feel it is not a challenge.

Chose (B) on this one, but had to think a little bit between A and B. Comparing both answers, (B) does a better job explaining the conclusion. Nevertheless, is there a clear reason on why (A) is wrong. If climbers were not prepared accordingly (maybe they had equipment for bad weather) which is not useful or can decrease their chances of surviving under other conditions, they could have also been prone to more fatalities right?
Re: The climbing season of 2006 was the deadliest on record for   [#permalink] 04 Oct 2013, 11:05
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