The coal strike reduced Indiana's energy reserves, which : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The coal strike reduced Indiana's energy reserves, which

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Director
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The coal strike reduced Indiana's energy reserves, which [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 03:01
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The coal strike reduced Indiana's energy reserves, which caused unemployment among the workers.

(A) which caused unemployment among the workers.
(B) which caused the workers to be unemployed.
(C) a circumstance that resulted in unemployment.
(D) a fact that created unemployed workers.
(E) which led many workers to be unemployed.
If you have any questions
New!
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19 Nov 2007, 03:05
It has to be (C)

A, B and E suggest that the energy reserves caused the unemployment, not the strike.

D suggests that the strike created the workers.
SVP
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20 Nov 2007, 00:17
not only that, C is also the best choice because it avoids redundancy. When you speak of unemployement, of course you are talking about workers. who else could you possibly be referring to? students????
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20 Nov 2007, 00:29
plus, a fact that... gmat dislikes that particular phrase
CEO
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20 Nov 2007, 15:23
Beyond700 wrote:
The coal strike reduced Indiana's energy reserves, which caused unemployment among the workers.

(A) which caused unemployment among the workers.
(B) which caused the workers to be unemployed.
(C) a circumstance that resulted in unemployment.
(D) a fact that created unemployed workers.
(E) which led many workers to be unemployed.

ABE all wrong b/c improper use of which.

D: a fact that, this is a no no on the gmat most of the time. Also a circumstance better describes what actually happened. The coal strike is a fact, but its better described as a circumstance.
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20 Nov 2007, 17:19
Clear C

Agree with Gmatblackbelt on D, while rest are wrong for using incorrect modifiers.

Amar
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20 Nov 2007, 19:12
Beyond700 wrote:
The coal strike reduced Indiana's energy reserves, which caused unemployment among the workers.

(A) which caused unemployment among the workers.
(B) which caused the workers to be unemployed.
(C) a circumstance that resulted in unemployment.
(D) a fact that created unemployed workers.
(E) which led many workers to be unemployed.

For some reason I thought "Which" over here was referring to the previous clause.

totally missed this one!!
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21 Nov 2007, 05:30
Raffie wrote:
It has to be (C)

A, B and E suggest that the energy reserves caused the unemployment, not the strike.

D suggests that the strike created the workers.

On target. OA is C
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21 Nov 2007, 08:03
Beyond700 wrote:
Raffie wrote:
It has to be (C)

A, B and E suggest that the energy reserves caused the unemployment, not the strike.

D suggests that the strike created the workers.

On target. OA is C

Lately I have been confusing myself more and more with the usage of "Which" - I guess I have been too many sources.

1. Which can be used as a relative pronoun referring back to the closest noun and always preceded by a comma - I agree with this one its easy.

2. But sometimes which behaves like an absolute phrase and refers back to the previous sentence as a whole.

Why cant the usage of which above be the latter of the two??

Is the which in the options above a restrictive or non-restrictive clause

Director
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22 Nov 2007, 06:33
spider wrote:
Beyond700 wrote:
Raffie wrote:
It has to be (C)

A, B and E suggest that the energy reserves caused the unemployment, not the strike.

D suggests that the strike created the workers.

On target. OA is C

Lately I have been confusing myself more and more with the usage of "Which" - I guess I have been too many sources.

1. Which can be used as a relative pronoun referring back to the closest noun and always preceded by a comma - I agree with this one its easy.

2. But sometimes which behaves like an absolute phrase and refers back to the previous sentence as a whole.

Why cant the usage of which above be the latter of the two??

Is the which in the options above a restrictive or non-restrictive clause

This is how I see it...

In the above sentence:
The coal strike reduced Indian's energy reserves, which...

The coal strike - Subject
reduced - verb
Indiana's energy reserves - object

which - modifier . Modifies the object with this clause 'caused unemployment among the workers'
Here which rightly points to a noun but the whole sentence is illogical.

Absolute phrases are made of nouns or pronouns followed by a participle and any modifiers of the noun or pronoun. Absolute phrases contain a subject (unlike participial phrases), and no predicate. They serve to modify an entire sentence.

Where as the relative pronoun which refers to inanimate things and to animals: in their noun or pronoun form

As the first clause can stand by itself and also, as there is a comma , before which - non-restrictive clause[/b]
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22 Nov 2007, 08:58
If I modify the sentencse (d) like below
d)a fact that resulted in unemployment

Director
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22 Nov 2007, 10:53
Beyond700 wrote:
The coal strike reduced Indiana's energy reserves, which caused unemployment among the workers.

(A) which caused unemployment among the workers.
(B) which caused the workers to be unemployed.
(C) a circumstance that resulted in unemployment.
(D) a fact that created unemployed workers.
(E) which led many workers to be unemployed.

C. Which in A, B, and E refers to wrong noun. in D, it is wrong to say that "The coal strike reduced Indiana's energy reserves" created unemplyoed workers.
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22 Nov 2007, 17:47
x2suresh wrote:
If I modify the sentencse (d) like below
d)a fact that resulted in unemployment

Both (C) and (D) will be redundant..which means you will have 2 right answer choices.

a fact that resulted in unemployment

or

a circumstance that resulted in unemployment
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22 Nov 2007, 18:08
Beyond700 wrote:
spider wrote:
Beyond700 wrote:
Raffie wrote:
It has to be (C)

A, B and E suggest that the energy reserves caused the unemployment, not the strike.

D suggests that the strike created the workers.

On target. OA is C

Lately I have been confusing myself more and more with the usage of "Which" - I guess I have been too many sources.

1. Which can be used as a relative pronoun referring back to the closest noun and always preceded by a comma - I agree with this one its easy.

2. But sometimes which behaves like an absolute phrase and refers back to the previous sentence as a whole.

Why cant the usage of which above be the latter of the two??

Is the which in the options above a restrictive or non-restrictive clause

This is how I see it...

In the above sentence:
The coal strike reduced Indian's energy reserves, which...

The coal strike - Subject
reduced - verb
Indiana's energy reserves - object

which - modifier . Modifies the object with this clause 'caused unemployment among the workers'
Here which rightly points to a noun but the whole sentence is illogical.

Absolute phrases are made of nouns or pronouns followed by a participle and any modifiers of the noun or pronoun. Absolute phrases contain a subject (unlike participial phrases), and no predicate. They serve to modify an entire sentence.

Where as the relative pronoun which refers to inanimate things and to animals: in their noun or pronoun form

As the first clause can stand by itself and also, as there is a comma , before which - non-restrictive clause[/b]

Beyond700 - Thank you for taking out time for the explanation.

I see in this case the which clause is modifying the noun and is a non-essential modifier.
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26 Nov 2007, 01:39
Hi Beyond700,

I am still not clear on the usage of the relative pronoun which. Can you please explain to me with the aid of sentences the use of which-

1. To modifer an inanimate thing

2. To modifer a sentence

Don.
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27 Nov 2007, 20:17
don2007 wrote:
Hi Beyond700,

I am still not clear on the usage of the relative pronoun which. Can you please explain to me with the aid of sentences the use of which-

1. To modifer an inanimate thing

2. To modifer a sentence

Don.

As it is quite elaborate, I thought I would share with you some of my notes on this. Kindly have a go at it and feel free to discuss on the same.
Attachments

Usage of that_which.doc [26.5 KiB]

Re: SC-Pronouns   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2007, 20:17
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