Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 14 Sep 2014, 18:13

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The company announced that its profits declined much less in

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 May 2009
Posts: 145
Concentration: Finance
GMAT Date: 12-16-2011
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 42 [3] , given: 2

The company announced that its profits declined much less in [#permalink] New post 31 May 2009, 15:20
3
This post received
KUDOS
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

83% (01:46) correct 17% (00:29) wrong based on 26 sessions
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

A) had expected it to and its business will improve
B) had expected and that its business would improve
C) expected it would and that it will improve its business
D) expected them to and its business would improve
E) expected and that it will have improved its business

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OG=B
3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Apr 2006
Posts: 220
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 19 [3] , given: 17

GMAT Tests User
Re: Company announced that its profits... [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2009, 19:49
3
This post received
KUDOS
Without seeing the spoiler I got B in first look.

The sentence is in past perfect tense, with analysts expected earlier in time and profits declined later in time.

So C, D, and E are out. Now the choice is between A and B.

A is incorrect because of no clear antecedents (precedent) of pronoun "it". [Thanks Allen for correcting me that pronoun have antecedent and not precedent..........:)]

Hence B is the answer.

Last edited by humans on 01 Jun 2009, 23:27, edited 2 times in total.
2 KUDOS received
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 30 Apr 2008
Posts: 1893
Location: Oklahoma City
Schools: Hard Knocks
Followers: 29

Kudos [?]: 433 [2] , given: 32

GMAT Tests User
Re: Company announced that its profits... [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2009, 20:01
2
This post received
KUDOS
I think humans' explanation is great.

I think the antecedent of "it" in answer A is clear, but "it" is singular when the sentence is refering to "profits" which is plural. I think this is an error that is easier to notice. This same reason also means C is wrong. D seems awkward like "them to" is unnecessary. It's certainly implied, but I think we need "had expected" for past tense (past perfect?).

I3igDmsu wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

A) had expected it to and its business will improve
B) had expected and that its business would improve
C) expected it would and that it will improve its business
D) expected them to and its business would improve
E) expected and that it will have improved its business

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OG=B

_________________

------------------------------------
J Allen Morris
**I'm pretty sure I'm right, but then again, I'm just a guy with his head up his a$$.

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 143
Followers: 88

Kudos [?]: 374 [2] , given: 0

Re: Company announced that its profits... [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2010, 05:19
2
This post received
KUDOS
I3igDmsu wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

A) had expected it to and its business will improve
B) had expected and that its business would improve
C) expected it would and that it will improve its business
D) expected them to and its business would improve
E) expected and that it will have improved its business

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OG=B


Hi Guys,

There are some other important issues to take note of here!

1. Ellipsis: In A, "had expected it to" implies the word "decline," but "decline" is not in the sentence-- "declined" is! It's perfectly alright to leave a word out, as long as that exact same word appears somewhere else in the sentence!

Ex. CORRECT:Joe's shoes are nicer than Bob's (shoes). The last word is optional because "shoes" already appears.
Ex. CORRECT:Joe is taller than Bob (is). The last word is optional because "is" already appears.
Ex. INCORRECT: Joe has and always will be confident. The word "been" is missing! You cannot imply a word that never appears in the sentence!! This is considered an error in ellipsis.



2. The phrase of parallelism here is "A and B", meaning that "and" must connect between two words/phrases of the same grammatical structure. In this case A is the relative clause, "that its profits declined... So B must also be a relative clause!! "that+a subject+a verb..." Any answer that failed to put "that" after the "and" can be eliminated!!! This is tested a lot on the SC!!!

3. Why "would" and not "will"?
This is a matter of reported speech.
A direct quote would be this: The company announced, "Our business will improve..."
Reported speech pulls the tense back: The company announced that its business would improve...
_________________

Sarai
GMAT Verbal Instructor at http://www.linkedin.com/company/ofek-gmat/online-gmat-tutoring-22305743/product?trk=biz_product
Email me at saraiyaseen@gmail.com

If this helped, kindly give Kudos! :wink:

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 May 2009
Posts: 145
Concentration: Finance
GMAT Date: 12-16-2011
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 42 [1] , given: 2

Re: Company announced that its profits... [#permalink] New post 02 Jun 2009, 03:43
1
This post received
KUDOS
I just noticed parallelism too which really narrows it down:

The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

B) had expected and that its business would improve
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Oct 2009
Posts: 11
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 4

Re: Company announced that its profits... [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2010, 14:23
This site gives decent examples on when and why this case is used: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/simpas-pasper
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 May 2010
Posts: 69
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 4

Re: Company announced that its profits... [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2010, 02:13
Simple B. Had is needed to explain that 'expected' occurred before actual decline. And past tense of will is would
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: Chicago Booth Class of 2015
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 995
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 398 [0], given: 36

GMAT Tests User
Re: Company announced that its profits... [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2010, 05:33
I3igDmsu wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

A) had expected it to and its business will improve
B) had expected and that its business would improve
C) expected it would and that it will improve its business
D) expected them to and its business would improve
E) expected and that it will have improved its business

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OG=B



checking for parallelism.

company announced that .... and that.......

So only B and C. left.

C violates the SV agreement. it cannot refer to plural "profits"

B it is.
_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 May 2012
Posts: 16
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 7

Re: The company announced that its profits declined much less in [#permalink] New post 09 May 2012, 09:12
We can eliminate C,D and E by using following principle.

Past sentence should be followed with past perfect tense.(In above situation- Company announced is past sentence and it should be followed "had expected")

And A is wrong since "had expected it" is makes wrong because of unnecessary use of "it".

Last Left B which is correct

Thanks and Regards
Milan
" No man is perfect"

PS: If my answer is perfect please reply back with kudos or else if it is stupid please correct me. Either way is highly appreciated.
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: My Thread Master Bschool Threads-->Krannert(Purdue),WP Carey(Arizona),Foster(Uwashngton)
Joined: 27 Jun 2011
Posts: 894
Followers: 59

Kudos [?]: 151 [0], given: 57

GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The company announced that its profits declined much less in [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2013, 06:24
I3igDmsu wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

A) had expected it to and its business will improve
B) had expected and that its business would improve
C) expected it would and that it will improve its business
D) expected them to and its business would improve
E) expected and that it will have improved its business

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OG=B


Two past events one preceded the other, Analysists must have predicted it earlier than the actual event. So the usage of past perfect "had" is correct.

Now there prediction that the business will improve must be followed by would and not will...To show the uncertainity of the event..

Hence B
_________________

General GMAT useful links-->

Indian Bschools Accepting Gmat | My Gmat Daily Diary | All Gmat Practice CAT's | MBA Ranking 2013 | How to Convert Indian GPA/ Percentage to US 4 pt. GPA scale | GMAT MATH BOOK in downloadable PDF format| POWERSCORE CRITICAL REASONING BIBLE - FULL CHAPTER NOTES | Result correlation between GMAT and GMAT Club's Tests | Best GMAT Stories - Period!

More useful links-->

GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios| GMAT and MBA 101|Everything You Need to Prepare for the GMAT|New to the GMAT Club? <START HERE>|GMAT ToolKit: iPhone/iPod/iPad/Android application|

Verbal Treasure Hunt-->

"Ultimate" Study Plan for Verbal on the GMAT|Books to Read (Improve Verbal Score and Enjoy a Good Read)|Best Verbal GMAT Books 2012|Carcass Best EXTERNAL resources to tackle the GMAT Verbal Section|Ultimate GMAT Grammar Book from GC club [Free Download]|Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia|Souvik's The Most Comprehensive Collection Of Everything Official-SC|ALL SC Rules+Official Qs by Experts & Legendary Club Members|Meaning/Clarity SC Question Bank by Carcass_Souvik|Critical Reasoning Shortcuts and Tips|Critical Reasoning Megathread!|The Most Comprehensive Collection Of Everything Official- CR|GMAT Club's Reading Comprehension Strategy Guide|The Most Comprehensive Collection Of Everything Official- RC|Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia|ALL RC Strategy+Official Q by Experts&Legendary Club Members

----
---
--
-


1 KUDOS = 1 THANK


Kick Ass Gmat

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 May 2013
Posts: 19
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 2

The company announced that its profits declined [#permalink] New post 29 Jan 2014, 20:39
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

A) had expected it to and its business will improve
B )had expected and that its business would improve
C )expected it would and that it will improve its business
D )expected them to and its business would improve
E) expected and that it will have improved its business

Hi.
Please help me clarify my confusion.

(1) When I solved the question, I did not think that "would" or "will" is important because from the context I cannot determine whether "the second half of the year" passed.

However, some people say that "would", if used to express uncertainty, can only exist in sentence that has the structure "if X, then Y" or structures that indicate hypothesis. Is it correct?

If not, can "would" express uncertainty in the sentence?
----------

(2) In choice C, I overlooked an error that "it" does not match "profits", but I still eliminate the choice because "analysts expected" is wrong tense and because "X is more adj than analysts expected" is enough to convey intended meaning.

So, is "X is more adj than analysts expected X would" redundant?

Thank you.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Oct 2013
Posts: 70
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 680 Q46 V36
GPA: 3.95
WE: Research (Telecommunications)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 31

CAT Tests
Re: The company announced that its profits declined [#permalink] New post 29 Jan 2014, 22:57
phammanhhiep wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

A) had expected it to and its business will improve
B )had expected and that its business would improve
C )expected it would and that it will improve its business
D )expected them to and its business would improve
E) expected and that it will have improved its business

Hi.
Please help me clarify my confusion.

(1) When I solved the question, I did not think that "would" or "will" is important because from the context I cannot determine whether "the second half of the year" passed.

However, some people say that "would", if used to express uncertainty, can only exist in sentence that has the structure "if X, then Y" or structures that indicate hypothesis. Is it correct?

If not, can "would" express uncertainty in the sentence?
----------

(2) In choice C, I overlooked an error that "it" does not match "profits", but I still eliminate the choice because "analysts expected" is wrong tense and because "X is more adj than analysts expected" is enough to convey intended meaning.

So, is "X is more adj than analysts expected X would" redundant?

Thank you.



Hi phammanhhiep,

Is the OA b? Thats the only one which seems correct at all..If yes, I can explain the logic
_________________

Please press KUDOS if my post helped !!

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2013
Posts: 5
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GMAT 1: 700 Q V
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 1

Re: The company announced that its profits declined [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2014, 01:08
crackgmatg wrote:
phammanhhiep wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in the second half of the year.

A) had expected it to and its business will improve
B )had expected and that its business would improve
C )expected it would and that it will improve its business
D )expected them to and its business would improve
E) expected and that it will have improved its business

Hi.
Please help me clarify my confusion.

(1) When I solved the question, I did not think that "would" or "will" is important because from the context I cannot determine whether "the second half of the year" passed.

However, some people say that "would", if used to express uncertainty, can only exist in sentence that has the structure "if X, then Y" or structures that indicate hypothesis. Is it correct?

If not, can "would" express uncertainty in the sentence?
----------

(2) In choice C, I overlooked an error that "it" does not match "profits", but I still eliminate the choice because "analysts expected" is wrong tense and because "X is more adj than analysts expected" is enough to convey intended meaning.

So, is "X is more adj than analysts expected X would" redundant?

Thank you.



Hi phammanhhiep,

Is the OA b? Thats the only one which seems correct at all..If yes, I can explain the logic


I'm not sure whether or not you had trouble with the first split so I'll start from there. AB/CDE
The first split is pretty easy to solve once you understand the meaning of the statement. Only the past perfect works for the underlined portion of the question as you have to specify that the "analysts had expected" came before the company's announcement so CDE are out.

Between A and B, the split is between had expected it/had expected and will/would. It can't be it because it must refer to profits (which are plural) however it is singular. If you didn't catch that, you could move onto the second split and figure out that since expect = subjunctive, would is the proper conjugation thus eliminating A.
_________________

770+ is the goal.

Feel free to give me kudos if I was helpful! :]

Re: The company announced that its profits declined   [#permalink] 30 Jan 2014, 01:08
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
The company announced that its profits declined phammanhhiep 0 30 Jan 2014, 01:08
2 The team announced that its record deteriorated much further Aristocrat 8 31 Aug 2012, 22:36
The company announced that its profits declined much less in ashiima 3 27 Nov 2011, 18:42
The company is negotiating to sell its profitable credit automan 4 16 Oct 2005, 11:00
The company is negotiating to sell its profitable credit doloris 2 03 Jun 2005, 12:09
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The company announced that its profits declined much less in

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.