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24 Dec 2013, 19:46
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The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.

A. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.
B. an amount equal to $453 million, in comparison to that period last year, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.
C. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts had predicted.
D. $453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts had predicted.
E. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.

Step 1: Understand what the question says. The company said revenue rose 13% which is equivalent to 453$million ... Step 2: Look for splits. 'predicted' and 'had predicted' are the easy splits. Step 3: Eliminate. Based on step 1, we can eliminate A, C and E. They change the meaning. According to these options, Company's revenue rose by 13% or company's revenue rose by 453$ million. This is not the intended meaning.
Based on step 2, we can eliminate A, B and E. 'said' and 'had predicted' (simple past and past perfect) complement each other by clearly stating the sequence of actions

D remains.
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What are modifiers ??

Last edited by sivasanjeev on 26 Dec 2013, 01:38, edited 2 times in total.
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11 Feb 2014, 20:15
syu322 wrote:
The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.

A. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.
B. an amount equal to $453 million, in comparison to that period last year, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.
C. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts had predicted.
D. $453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts had predicted.
E. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.

Hi,

Isn't option D actually missing an "or" before $453 million? I am guessing option D should have been D. or$453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts had predicted. Without this "or" the "$453 million"(which is not a clause) is awkwardly placed between 2 commas. Any thoughts?
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Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or $453 million, c [#permalink] ### Show Tags 11 Feb 2014, 20:40 7 This post received KUDOS 1 This post was BOOKMARKED HKHR wrote: syu322 wrote: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. A. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. B. an amount equal to$453 million, in comparison to that period last year, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. C. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts had predicted. D.$453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts had predicted. E. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. Hi, Isn't option D actually missing an "or" before$453 million? I am guessing option D should have been

D. or $453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts had predicted.

Without this "or" the "$453 million"(which is not a clause) is awkwardly placed between 2 commas. Any thoughts? Hello HKHR I'm happy to help. D omits the "or" 100% correctly because: (1) Please note that there is a comma before "or" --> Technically, we don't use a comma that way. For example: CORRECT: 1 meter equals 100 cm OR 1000 mm. WRONG: 1 meter equals 100 cm, OR 1000 mm. (2) D uses appositive phrase which is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. Thus, we don't need "OR" anymore. For example: CORRECT: Earth, the only planet in our galaxy known to support life, is sometimes called the third rock from the sun. WRONG: Earth, OR the only planet in our galaxy known to support life, is sometimes called the third rock from the sun. Hope it helps a bit. _________________ Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you. "Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong." Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design. Manager Joined: 31 Mar 2013 Posts: 71 Location: United States Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 109 Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, c [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2014, 20:45
Wow. Thank you pqhai! Wonderful explanation. Kudos!

Edit: Looking back, I think I was confused because the question should have underlined the comma after "13 percent" also, no?
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12 Feb 2014, 23:32
syu322 wrote:
The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.

A. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.
B. an amount equal to $453 million, in comparison to that period last year, but was lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.
C. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts had predicted.
D. $453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts had predicted.
E. or $453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but lower than the$675 million analysts predicted.

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Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or $453 million, c [#permalink] ### Show Tags 13 Feb 2014, 00:56 pqhai wrote: HKHR wrote: syu322 wrote: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. A. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. B. an amount equal to$453 million, in comparison to that period last year, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. C. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts had predicted. D.$453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts had predicted. E. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. Hi, Isn't option D actually missing an "or" before$453 million? I am guessing option D should have been

D. or $453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the$675 million analysts had predicted.

Without this "or" the "$453 million"(which is not a clause) is awkwardly placed between 2 commas. Any thoughts? Hello HKHR I'm happy to help. D omits the "or" 100% correctly because: (1) Please note that there is a comma before "or" --> Technically, we don't use a comma that way. For example: CORRECT: 1 meter equals 100 cm OR 1000 mm. WRONG: 1 meter equals 100 cm, OR 1000 mm. (2) D uses appositive phrase which is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. Thus, we don't need "OR" anymore. For example: CORRECT: Earth, the only planet in our galaxy known to support life, is sometimes called the third rock from the sun. WRONG: Earth, OR the only planet in our galaxy known to support life, is sometimes called the third rock from the sun. Hope it helps a bit. Thanks for the explanation, +1 kudos. However, based on the above, is it correct to say: 1 meter equals 100 cm, 1000 mm? Current Student Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others. Joined: 22 Mar 2013 Posts: 992 Location: India GPA: 3.51 WE: Information Technology (Computer Software) Followers: 163 Kudos [?]: 1426 [0], given: 227 Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, c [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2014, 01:06
What is the structure of this sentence ?

The company said

( That start)
revenue (Subject) rose (verb) 13 percent, $453 million, from the period a year earlier, but (coordinating conjunction) (revenue) was lower than the$675 million
(That ends)

=========

The company said (blah blah blah $675 million) analyst had predicted. I am not able to understand the role of "analyst had predicted" is it a clause or modifier, if a clause then how can we place it without and conjunction. Kindly help to simplify the structure. _________________ Piyush K ----------------------- Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison Don't forget to press--> Kudos My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New) Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction". Manager Joined: 19 Mar 2012 Posts: 128 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 270 Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, c [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2014, 20:55
PiyushK wrote:
What is the structure of this sentence ?

The company said

( That start)
revenue (Subject) rose (verb) 13 percent, $453 million, from the period a year earlier, but (coordinating conjunction) (revenue) was lower than the$675 million
(That ends)

=========

The company said (blah blah blah $675 million) analyst had predicted. I am not able to understand the role of "analyst had predicted" is it a clause or modifier, if a clause then how can we place it without and conjunction. Kindly help to simplify the structure. Hi Piyush I will give it a shot Just take the clause after but "X was lower than Y" where X is revenue correctly paralled to "675 Million" and the 675 million is modified by "analysts had predicted". Hope it makes sense. Current Student Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others. Joined: 22 Mar 2013 Posts: 992 Location: India GPA: 3.51 WE: Information Technology (Computer Software) Followers: 163 Kudos [?]: 1426 [0], given: 227 Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, c [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2014, 23:53
282552 wrote:
PiyushK wrote:
What is the structure of this sentence ?

The company said

( That start)
revenue (Subject) rose (verb) 13 percent, $453 million, from the period a year earlier, but (coordinating conjunction) (revenue) was lower than the$675 million
(That ends)

=========

The company said (blah blah blah $675 million) analyst had predicted. I am not able to understand the role of "analyst had predicted" is it a clause or modifier, if a clause then how can we place it without and conjunction. Kindly help to simplify the structure. Hi Piyush I will give it a shot Just take the clause after but "X was lower than Y" where X is revenue correctly paralled to "675 Million" and the 675 million is modified by "analysts had predicted". Hope it makes sense. Hey, Thanks for the response, but under which category you will keep this modifier. I could have used "675 million predicted by analyst" ed modifier . Modifier "analysts had predicted" looks like a clause. I have never seen a clause modifying a noun. Could you please explain it with some common example. Regards _________________ Piyush K ----------------------- Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison Don't forget to press--> Kudos My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New) Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction". GMAT Club Legend Joined: 01 Oct 2013 Posts: 10441 Followers: 886 Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0 Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, c [#permalink]

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Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or $453 million, c [#permalink] ### Show Tags 01 Mar 2016, 19:30 syu322 wrote: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. A. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. B. an amount equal to$453 million, in comparison to that period last year, but was lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. C. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts had predicted. D.$453 million, from the period a year earlier, but was lower than the $675 million analysts had predicted. E. or$453 million, compared with the period a year earlier, but lower than the $675 million analysts predicted. this one looks scary, but once you understand the meaning...it is very easy to narrow down to the correct answer. first of all - the company said...then we have analysts predicted. was the prediction before the company said smth about the revenue? Definitely. Thus, we need a past perfect to show the sequence of events. A/B/E - out. the revenue rose from last year - otherwise it is illogical. the revenue rose, but was lower... A - compares revenue with the period so not good. tense error as mentioned above. B - 13% is 453 million or the revenue 453 million? ambiguous here.. THAT period - demonstrative pronoun - what role does it have? tense error as mentioned. C -compares revenue wth the period. D - seems good. E - revenue compared with the period. tense error. Re: The company said revenue rose 13 percent, or$453 million, c   [#permalink] 01 Mar 2016, 19:30
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