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The country has recently been shaken by the increase in

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The country has recently been shaken by the increase in [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2013, 06:32
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72% (02:08) correct 28% (00:57) wrong based on 87 sessions
The country has recently been shaken by the increase in incidents of corruption amongst the political class and the bureaucracy. The solution clearly is to appoint an independent investigating body headed by a person of repute who can investigate such cases of corruption and punish those found guilty.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

(A) The appointment of the independent body is the only way to combat corruption
(B) The independent agency will itself not fall prey to corruption
(C) Corruption is not present outside the political class and the bureaucracy
(D) The punishment meted out by the investigating agency will not act as deterrent for people/agencies susceptible to corruption
(E) If not controlled immediately, the problem of corruption can spiral out of control

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The country has recently been shaken by the increase in [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2013, 06:50
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FACT:
The country has recently been shaken by the increase in incidents of corruption amongst the political class and the bureaucracy.
CONCLUSION:
The solution clearly is to appoint an independent investigating body headed by a person of repute who can investigate such cases of corruption and punish those found guilty.

We have to find an additional premise that leads to the conclusion

(A) The appointment of the independent body is the only way to combat corruption
The most importatnt thing to enstablish is the efficacy of the commision itself. The fact that no other way is possible doesn't strenghen this point
(B) The independent agency will itself not fall prey to corruption
CORRECT: If we use the negation technique it's easy to see that if the agency WILL fall prey to corruption, how is it supposed to fight against it?
(C) Corruption is not present outside the political class and the bureaucracy
This doesn't refer to the agency at all
(D) The punishment meted out by the investigating agency will not act as deterrent for people/agencies susceptible to corruption
This actually weakens the conclusion
(E) If not controlled immediately, the problem of corruption can spiral out of control
This doesn't refer to the agency at all ( same as C). Even if this is true, we are trying to justify the creation of the investigating body and its chances of success
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Re: The country has recently been shaken by the increase in [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2013, 10:23
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Good question from Aristotle prep.

B is the only that makes sense.

I suggest you to use negation technique as last tool in your arsenal, otherwise is a waste of time.

If you understand clearly the argument, you will go straight to the right choice
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Re: The country has recently been shaken by the increase in [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2013, 17:37
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The country has recently been shaken by the increase in incidents of corruption amongst the political class and the bureaucracy. The solution clearly is to appoint an independent investigating body headed by a person of repute who can investigate such cases of corruption and punish those found guilty.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

(A) The appointment of the independent body is the only way to combat corruption
Wrong. Out of scope & too extreme.

(B) The independent agency will itself not fall prey to corruption
Correct. Negation: if independent agency will fall to corruption ==> The solution does not help.

(C) Corruption is not present outside the political class and the bureaucracy
Wrong. Out of scope.

(D) The punishment meted out by the investigating agency will not act as deterrent for people/agencies susceptible to corruption
Wrong. Opposite answer. punishment does not act as deterrent ==> The solution does not help.

(E) If not controlled immediately, the problem of corruption can spiral out of control
Wrong. Out of scope. The conclusion doesn't mention about the timing.
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Re: The country has recently been shaken by the increase in   [#permalink] 26 Apr 2013, 17:37
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