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The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have

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The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 06:59
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The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at the beginning of the Renaissance, is considered by many historians to have led to the development of the first “modern” wine, the first in which the taste of alcohol did not overwhelm the palate.


a) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at

b) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to date at

c) Cultivating the Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at

d) The cultivation of the Merlot grape, which is believed to date to

e) The Merlot grape’s cultivation, believed to have been dated to


Please provide explanation
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Re: SC: Merlot Grape [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 07:36
tarek99 wrote:
The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at the beginning of the Renaissance, is considered by many historians to have led to the development of the first “modern” wine, the first in which the taste of alcohol did not overwhelm the palate.


a) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at

b) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to date at

c) Cultivating the Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at

d) The cultivation of the Merlot grape, which is believed to date to

e) The Merlot grape’s cultivation, believed to have been dated to


Please provide explanation


Will go with B

A- to have happened- Awkward
C- what has happened cultivation or merlot grape - misplaced
D- Same as C
E- Awkard use of have been is incorrect

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 [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 08:02
I would say D.

a) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at
- Incorrect reference to Melot Grape. Subject should the cultivation of merlot grape as that is what happened at the beginning of Rennaissance. Merlot Grape did not happen at the beginning of Rennaissance

b) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to date at
Same as above

c) Cultivating the Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at
Similar to A and B - Cultivating did not happen at that time, its cultivation that happened

d) The cultivation of the Merlot grape, which is believed to date to
Fixes all errors.

e) The Merlot grape’s cultivation, believed to have been dated to
I am majorly thrown off by this, but "have been" is unnecessary here and adds wordiness

D for me.
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 09:29
sterny wrote:
I would say D.

a) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at
- Incorrect reference to Melot Grape. Subject should the cultivation of merlot grape as that is what happened at the beginning of Rennaissance. Merlot Grape did not happen at the beginning of Rennaissance

b) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to date at
Same as above

c) Cultivating the Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at
Similar to A and B - Cultivating did not happen at that time, its cultivation that happened

d) The cultivation of the Merlot grape, which is believed to date to
Fixes all errors.

e) The Merlot grape’s cultivation, believed to have been dated to
I am majorly thrown off by this, but "have been" is unnecessary here and adds wordiness

D for me.


Agree with your explanation. D is correct, since the cultivation (action) dated back and not the Merlot grape (type of fruit/grape).

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Re: SC: Merlot Grape [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 11:26
tarek99 wrote:
The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at the beginning of the Renaissance, is considered by many historians to have led to the development of the first “modern” wine, the first in which the taste of alcohol did not overwhelm the palate.


a) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at

b) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to date at

c) Cultivating the Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at

d) The cultivation of the Merlot grape, which is believed to date to

e) The Merlot grape’s cultivation, believed to have been dated to


Please provide explanation


E for me

1. cultivation is dated back
2. it has been belived. we need perfect tense
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 12:51
the OA is D, but I chose C. Can anybody explain to me what makes "The cultivation of" better than just "cultivating"???
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 12:56
c) Cultivating the Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at

d) The cultivation of the Merlot grape, which is believed to date to

so guys, if I understood correctly, "which" not only modifies the word immediately before it, but "which" can also modify the last word that appears before the last prepositional phrase? so is that considered perfectly acceptable? cause i always thought that "which" ONLY modifies the last word before it no matter what. i'd like someone to clear my thoughts on this. thanks
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Re: SC: Merlot Grape [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 14:23
tarek99 wrote:
The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at the beginning of the Renaissance, is considered by many historians to have led to the development of the first “modern” wine, the first in which the taste of alcohol did not overwhelm the palate.


a) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at
b) The cultivated Merlot grape, which is believed to date at
c) Cultivating the Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at
d) The cultivation of the Merlot grape, which is believed to date to
e) The Merlot grape’s cultivation, believed to have been dated to


Please provide explanation


Agree with D. in D "which" clearly refers to Merlot grape where as in others which refers to cultivation as well.
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2007, 16:40
tarek99 wrote:
c) Cultivating the Merlot grape, which is believed to have happened at

d) The cultivation of the Merlot grape, which is believed to date to

so guys, if I understood correctly, "which" not only modifies the word immediately before it, but "which" can also modify the last word that appears before the last prepositional phrase? so is that considered perfectly acceptable? cause i always thought that "which" ONLY modifies the last word before it no matter what. i'd like someone to clear my thoughts on this. thanks


Yep, it seems so..

Even otherwise 'E' has other flaws

in dependent clause - believed to have been dated to the beginning of the Renaissance - no pronoun or subject , to have been dated to - awkward / wordy, the way 3rd clause connects to this 2nd clause is also not correct.
  [#permalink] 03 Dec 2007, 16:40
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