The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used

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28 Aug 2006, 09:52
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The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used by certain tribes in the early Bronze Age precluded widespread casualties during intertribal conflicts. But the comparatively high number of warrior tombs found in recent excavations of the same tribesâ€™ late Bronze Age settlements indicates that in the late Bronze Age, wars between these tribes were frequent, and the casualty rate was high. Hence some archaeologists claim that by the late Bronze Age, these tribes had developed new methods of warfare designed to inflict many casualties.

Which one of the following, if true, most supports the archaeologistsâ€™ claim?

(A) A royal tomb dating to the early Bronze Age contained pottery depicting battle scenes in which warriors use spears.

(B) There is evidence that many buildings dating to the late Bronze Age were built by prisoners of war taken in battles between enemy tribes.

(C) Scenes of violent warfare, painted in bright hues, frequently appear on pottery that has been found in some early Bronze Age tombs of warriors.

(D) Some tombs of warriors dating to the late Bronze Age contain armor and weapons that anthropologists believe were trophies taken from enemies in battle.

(E) The marks on the bones of many of the late Bronze Age warriors whose tombs were excavated are consistent with the kind of wounds inflicted by arrowheads also found in many late Bronze Age settlements.
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28 Aug 2006, 09:56
(E) The marks on the bones of many of the late Bronze Age warriors whose tombs were excavated are consistent with the kind of wounds inflicted by arrowheads also found in many late Bronze Age settlements.
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28 Aug 2006, 09:56
E for me
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28 Aug 2006, 10:11
Haas/ Yurik,

Was D out coz it does not prove the casualties.. Mere possession of weapons do not prove casualties..
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28 Aug 2006, 10:14
Hence some archaeologists claim that by the late Bronze Age, these tribes had developed new methods of warfare designed to inflict many casualties.

(D) Some tombs of warriors dating to the late Bronze Age contain armor and weapons that anthropologists believe were trophies taken from enemies in battle.

If you look at the two bold phrases, the stem's conclusion is the newer weapons were developed, but D implies that whatever weapons and armor were found were from enemies and therefore not developed by the tribes themselves.
This is not as strong as saying that "arrowheads", which consitutes newer weapns, were found in the tombs.

Hope this helps.

gmatcrook wrote:
Haas/ Yurik,

Was D out coz it does not prove the casualties.. Mere possession of weapons do not prove casualties..
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28 Aug 2006, 10:20
haas_mba07 wrote:
Hence some archaeologists claim that by the late Bronze Age, these tribes had developed new methods of warfare designed to inflict many casualties.

(D) Some tombs of warriors dating to the late Bronze Age contain armor and weapons that anthropologists believe were trophies taken from enemies in battle.

If you look at the two bold phrases, the stem's conclusion is the newer weapons were developed, but D implies that whatever weapons and armor were found were from enemies and therefore not developed by the tribes themselves.
This is not as strong as saying that "arrowheads", which consitutes newer weapns, were found in the tombs.

Hope this helps.

gmatcrook wrote:
Haas/ Yurik,

Was D out coz it does not prove the casualties.. Mere possession of weapons do not prove casualties..

gr8 explanation
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28 Aug 2006, 10:20
Yes that clears up..

Thanks a lot.
28 Aug 2006, 10:20
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# The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used

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