The current administration and Congress have once again : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The current administration and Congress have once again

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19 Aug 2006, 13:31
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The current administration and Congress have once again practiced bad public policy in failing to increase Pell grants or at least limit their reduction for next yearâ€™s budget. Pell grants improve access to higher education for those who have historically been disadvantaged in our society by financial or other life circumstances, thereby helping recipients elevate themselves to the middle class. Without that access, the gap between the rich and poor in this country will continue to widen, increasingly straining the stability of our democracy.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the conclusion of this argument?

a) Total spending on programs targeted at improving access to higher education for disadvantaged students will increase in next yearâ€™s federal budget.

b) The neediest candidates for Pell grants often lack information about their eligibility for such grants.

c) Congress recently authorized a bill that will increase after-school programs in urban communities.

d) On average, an individual Pell grant funds less than 15% of the full cost of attending a four-year college or university.

e) Federal spending on education for next year will increase as a percentage of the total budget.
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19 Aug 2006, 19:39
(D) from personal experience.

I received pell grants throughout undergrad school, yet they only paid part of the tuition. Foregone income, living expenses, insurance, transportation, books, etc. are where the real costs of education are incurred. Still, 15% is better than nothing.
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19 Aug 2006, 21:35
I don't think D is weakening the argument. Its not doing anything.

A is the best here. If Pell grants are reduced then government will increase the other spending and the gap between poor and rich will not widen.
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19 Aug 2006, 21:43
ps_dahiya wrote:
I don't think D is weakening the argument. Its not doing anything.

A is the best here. If Pell grants are reduced then government will increase the other spending and the gap between poor and rich will not widen.

Considered (A), but doesnt it seem to be out of scope? The argument is centered around pell grants, not scholarships in general
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19 Aug 2006, 21:49
GMATT73 wrote:
ps_dahiya wrote:
I don't think D is weakening the argument. Its not doing anything.

A is the best here. If Pell grants are reduced then government will increase the other spending and the gap between poor and rich will not widen.

Considered (A), but doesnt it seem to be out of scope? The argument is centered around pell grants, not scholarships in general

I agree, but A is best among the worst.
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19 Aug 2006, 21:52
I will go for B. because if students have less information available...Congress' attempts to help are fruitless.

B provides alternate explaination to why Pell's grants are not effective.
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19 Aug 2006, 22:46
I like B as well. If the grants are not effective, the Govt is not doing anything "bad" by reducing or not increasing the grants.
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19 Aug 2006, 23:21
(A) for me too.Conclusion is that without access gap widens.But the government is providing access by incresing expenditure on education for th disadvantaged.(B) suggests that the neediest do not know of the eligibility.But this doesent say that the pell grants hasnt been helping.
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19 Aug 2006, 23:24
going with A.
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20 Aug 2006, 02:05
I still think D is the correct answer. What is the OA?
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20 Aug 2006, 04:50
I think it should be "D"
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20 Aug 2006, 05:52
Between A and D it should be A....

A says that total spending for the students who are in need of fed funds is increasing.....

D may be negated by saying that the Penn grants may be 15% but total spedning may be 50%.....So it can be discounted

A stands
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21 Aug 2006, 00:58
Going with A also ....

Pell grants improve access to higher education for those who have historically been disadvantaged in our society by financial or other life circumstances, thereby helping recipients elevate themselves to the middle class.

D does not really weaken the above statement....
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21 Aug 2006, 01:15
D for me
Pell grants improve access to higher education and Without that access, the gap between the rich and poor in this country will continue to widen
I think D weakens this statement since the role of the pell grants is overestimated
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21 Aug 2006, 02:30
I think A here...

It says that the government will do something else to avoid the widening gap b/w the rich and the poor and that is through this increased spending.

So it does the trick...
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21 Aug 2006, 06:36
minhthel,

whats the OA????
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21 Aug 2006, 09:20
I like B more than A.

C and E out of Scope.

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23 Aug 2006, 17:46
OA is "A". I also picked "B" but it was wrong
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24 Aug 2006, 00:24
I went for B but I guess A is the right one.

The conclusion here is 'the gap between the rich and poor in this country will continue to widen'. so if
'Total spending on programs targeted at improving access to higher education for disadvantaged students will increase in next yearâ€™s federal budget ' happens, the gap widening will slow down at the least.
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24 Aug 2006, 05:35
I chose though seriously consisdered E.

B is out because the cru[ of the arguent is that the goverment is activeky doing harm. Even if the needest candidates are not aware of their eligibility, the argument contends that the government should not be closing a window of opportunity for less needy candidates.

Similarly, for D it doesn't matter how little of tuition is covered - at least that's something and that something is being taken away from the poor and that's the author's beef.

For C, urban communities that will recieve aid are not necessarily the same people that are prospective Pell grant receipients.

For E, the funding ight increase as %, but that could mean lower abslute figures if the whole budget shrinks.
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Re: CR: Grants   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2006, 05:35

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# The current administration and Congress have once again

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