The current economic downturn has significantly reduced : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The current economic downturn has significantly reduced

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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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23 May 2007, 19:33
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84% (01:42) correct 16% (01:00) wrong based on 219 sessions

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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by fameatop on 24 Aug 2013, 01:58, edited 1 time in total.
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23 May 2007, 20:28
A - incorrect use of if
B - Correct answer
C - has is required
D - has is required
E - has is required
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24 May 2007, 01:57
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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.

A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing => unidiomatic ( both for X and Y )

B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused => "when" dicy / "for both" should be "both for"

D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused => awkward construction

E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing => gives the impression that reduction was for 2 business journals and for a consumer mag - wrong

My Answer : B
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24 May 2007, 02:13
mao wrote:
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

i figured when it says 'current' the verb tense shouldn't be the past tense. so C D and E are out. A is unidiomatic so I think B is the answer
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24 May 2007, 02:28
@tigerwh

i figured when it says 'current' the verb tense shouldn't be the past tense. so C D and E are out. A is unidiomatic so I think B is the answer

can you please elaborate on your line of reasoning ??
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24 May 2007, 03:31
I think there is no perfect answer, but the best is B
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24 May 2007, 05:09
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing - Incorrect idiom

B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused - The context seems to be wrong. It seems to be saying there are two business journals and many general consumer magazines.

D. reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused both X and Y - Correct idiom BUT apostrophe usage

E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing - Incorrect idiom. Same mistake as A.

This is how I thought

A, E - Same idiom error.

Left with B, C , D

C - Wrong context

Left with B & D

B is better than D due to apostrophe usage

Hence "B" is the answer.
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24 May 2007, 09:17
Vict0R wrote:
@tigerwh

i figured when it says 'current' the verb tense shouldn't be the past tense. so C D and E are out. A is unidiomatic so I think B is the answer

can you please elaborate on your line of reasoning ??

I thought I saw something like this in the OG or maybe in this forum. Please correct me if i'm wrong but when it says 'current,'
the situation is on-going in the present.
Since C,D,and E start with the verb 'reduced' the choices didn't make much sense so I counted them out.

[both x and y] is the idiom so B is the answer
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24 May 2007, 10:50
mao wrote:
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

B maintains the perfect tense uses the correct idiom "Both...and".
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24 Aug 2013, 01:46
Vict0R wrote:
@tigerwh

i figured when it says 'current' the verb tense shouldn't be the past tense. so C D and E are out. A is unidiomatic so I think B is the answer

can you please elaborate on your line of reasoning ??

He is right. Current indicates it is happening now, so it cannot be in the simple past "reduced" but only in the present perfect, "has reduced". That is one point of elimination. The other would be "especially if" , when it should be "especially those".

Either way, you can eliminate three of them, you are left with two.
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2014, 21:16
Could someone please explain the usage of pronoun 'those' in the correct answer choice B.
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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2016, 01:15
There is just one prominent decision point to arrive a correct answer.
Economic downtown has reduced income for journals and magazines ... what kind of journals and magazines ??- "Those" focused on technology.
Option A,C, D are out.

Option B and E remaining.

Now it boils down to idiom. The correct idiom is "both X and Y". Option B uses it correctly.
E is wrong because it uses an incorrect idiom- both X as well as Y. WRONG

Therefore B is the correct answer.

A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines,especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

mao wrote:
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2016, 01:15
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# The current economic downturn has significantly reduced

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