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The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to

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Manager
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Status: Keep fighting!
Affiliations: IIT Madras
Joined: 31 Jul 2010
Posts: 238
WE 1: 2+ years - Programming
WE 2: 3+ years - Product developement,
WE 3: 2+ years - Program management
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Kudos [?]: 167 [0], given: 104

The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2010, 00:09
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

29% (02:10) correct 71% (00:34) wrong based on 7 sessions
The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent cells, can provoke dangerous inflammation; the resultant autoimmune disease, characterized by cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, are known as "rheumatoid arthritis."

-cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, are
-cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, is
-cartilage and bone that become damaged although the immune system does not actually attack them, are
-damaged cartilage and bone although the immune system does not actually attack them, are
-damaged cartilage and bone although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, is
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
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Re: Cytokines (kaplan) [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2010, 02:37
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KUDOS
Make a 2-3 split ...disease is singular ... So coorect answer is B or E ...
In E damaged bone and cartilage ....can mean
1 damaged cartilage and damaged bone or
OR
2 damgaed cartilage and bone ...

Ambiguity hence out !! ..

So I go with B ....

one can contest that second damaged is understood ....but it is not the case . it is not a question on parallelism .......
damaged cartilage and (damaged ) bone :
See the following question and answer ( taken from GMAT club only )


The doctrinal dispute resulted in the dismissal of the president of the seminary, who was charged with teaching false doctrine and with administrative misconduct.

(A) charged with teaching false doctrine and with administrative misconduct
(B) charged with teaching false doctrine and administrative misconduct
(C) being charged that he taught false doctrine and administrative misconduct
(D) charged with both false doctrine teaching and administrative misconduct
(E) teaching false doctrine and administrative misconduct as charged OA is A


[Obscure] Spoiler: OA
A
The issue is parallelism (he's charged with 2 things). Both B and D have ambiguous interpretations of what those two things are.

Because of the repeated "with" in A, we are forced to realize that the sentence up to "charged" is common to both endings.
(A) ...charged: (1) with teaching false doctrine and (2) with administrative misconduct

But (B) could be interpreted as:
...charged with teaching false: (1) doctrine and (2) administrative misconduct
...charged with teaching: (1) false doctrine and (2) administrative misconduct
...charged with: (1) teaching false doctrine and (2) administrative misconduct
The last interpretation is correct, and the others are a little silly (how do you teach false administrative misconduct, I wonder?), but since another choice is more clear you must go with it.


hope I have given the right example
cheers
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Re: Cytokines (kaplan) [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2010, 08:39
good question. I fell for E. thanks gauravnagpal for clarifying it.
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Re: Cytokines (kaplan) [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2010, 14:40
I too fell for E, though the reason I now think it is incorrect because it changes the meaning.
Re: Cytokines (kaplan)   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2010, 14:40
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The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to

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