The debate over bilingual education centers on the issue of : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The debate over bilingual education centers on the issue of

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The debate over bilingual education centers on the issue of [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 18:42
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723. The debate over bilingual education centers on the issue of whether the United States should foster the idea of single common language, an idea, some believe, that has in the past been crucial in binding diverse constituencies together.(A) been crucial in binding diverse constituencies together
(B) been crucial as a binding together of diverse constituencies
(C) been crucial to bind together constituencies that are diverse
(D) become crucial in binding together diverse constituencies
(E) become crucial to bind together constituencies that are diverse

Can you make some comments on difference between "been" and "become"? Thanks!
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04 Jun 2008, 20:08
The answer turns on point of view. The sentence discusses something that happened in the past, rather than the point of view of being in the past viewing something that has become crucial. This idea has been crucial in the past in binding people together. This implies that the event (the idea being crucial) is finished, whereas "has in the past become" implies that the event is still being crucial.

sondenso wrote:
723. The debate over bilingual education centers on the issue of whether the United States should foster the idea of single common language, an idea, some believe, that has in the past been crucial in binding diverse constituencies together.(A) been crucial in binding diverse constituencies together
(B) been crucial as a binding together of diverse constituencies
(C) been crucial to bind together constituencies that are diverse
(D) become crucial in binding together diverse constituencies
(E) become crucial to bind together constituencies that are diverse

Can you make some comments on difference between "been" and "become"? Thanks!

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Last edited by jallenmorris on 04 Jun 2008, 21:19, edited 1 time in total.
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04 Jun 2008, 20:31
sondenso wrote:
723. The debate over bilingual education centers on the issue of whether the United States should foster the idea of single common language, an idea, some believe, that has in the past been crucial in binding diverse constituencies together.(A) been crucial in binding diverse constituencies together
(B) been crucial as a binding together of diverse constituencies
(C) been crucial to bind together constituencies that are diverse
(D) become crucial in binding together diverse constituencies
(E) become crucial to bind together constituencies that are diverse

Can you make some comments on difference between "been" and "become"? Thanks!

Should BIND st TOGETHER
BECOME is short-term verb ==> should not be used with participle.
If C is : "been crucial to bind diverse constituencies together" I will pick C. But in fact C has problem in tail.
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04 Jun 2008, 22:00
sondenso wrote:
723. The debate over bilingual education centers on the issue of whether the United States should foster the idea of single common language, an idea, some believe, that has in the past been crucial in binding diverse constituencies together.(A) been crucial in binding diverse constituencies together
(B) been crucial as a binding together of diverse constituencies
(C) been crucial to bind together constituencies that are diverse
(D) become crucial in binding together diverse constituencies
(E) become crucial to bind together constituencies that are diverse

A for me.

The sentence puts "an idea" in the past. So I like the has...been... simple past tense for this one. Also, I believe there may be an idiom of "crucial in" that's being tested here. In this context, "crucial in" seems appropriate. "An idea that in the past has become" is the wrong tense.
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21 Sep 2010, 09:48
Idiom?

I found in Oxford dictionary the following:

(to / for sth) | (that...) extremely important, because it will affect other things:
a crucial factor / issue / decision * topics of crucial importance for education * Winning this contract is crucial to the success of the company. * The next few weeks are going to be crucial. * It is crucial that we get this right. * Parents play a crucial role in preparing their child for school. * He wasn't there at the crucial moment (= when he was needed most).

thanks
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21 Sep 2010, 11:06
(A) is the best option...
"that has been in the past" sounds better not "that has become in the past"
What is the OA?
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21 Sep 2010, 12:01
My 2 cents ...

has been crucial vs. has become crucial

Remember that "has + past participle" structure indicates something that is still true or still going on today.
"been" just indicates that something was a certain way.

Is it still becoming crucial today? No (but that's what "has become" means). It's just true that it has been crucial in the past.

A
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22 Sep 2010, 09:40
been is a past participle of "be"
and
become is a pure verb
Here we need a tense which happened in the past and still exists.
So "been" is required.
left with A,B and C
A has the correct gerund "binding" which modifies "diverse constituencies"

hence "A"
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22 Sep 2010, 15:58
IMO A. final sentence is like this
the idea of single common language has been crucial in....
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Re: SC.723   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2010, 15:58
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