The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal

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Senior Manager
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The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2006, 18:08
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The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

(A) The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in eastern European countries.
(B) The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it considers “dissidents.”
(C) Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the traditions of American culture and law.
(D) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.
(E) Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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01 Jan 2007, 05:13
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My take is C... byPOE

A. Not a Choice as OUt of scope.
B is ruled out!
C. SO SO...Doesn't appear to be a clearcut assumption
D.Argument doesn't talk abt the right to travel although there is a reference of driver's license. rule it out!
E. Rule it out straight away...as it is generalization against all the govt regs.

As A,B,D,E are not the choices, C is the answer by POE. c appears to be an inference rather than an assumption...
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01 Jan 2007, 06:53
appuvar wrote:
Quote:
D.Argument doesn't talk abt the right to travel although there is a reference of driver's license. rule it out!

but D includes movements other than travel
D) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.

and the argument talks about movements:
would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities

Therefore, even if the answer is C, your reasoning is not clear to me.
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10 Jan 2007, 19:59
Give me D!
Conclusion:Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is a restriction of freedom.

Why?

Because majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.

If they WERE willing to give up this right, it wouldn't be a restriction of freedom would it?

C talks about law-abiding citizens. The argument does not say anything about law-abiding citizens. All it mentions is 'American citizens'.
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11 Jan 2007, 03:25
khaos wrote:
appuvar wrote:
Quote:
D.Argument doesn't talk abt the right to travel although there is a reference of driver's license. rule it out!

but D includes movements other than travel
D) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.

and the argument talks about movements:
would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities

Therefore, even if the answer is C, your reasoning is not clear to me.

It's between C and D for me. I thought about this... when we negate this assumption it feels like D is the better answer.

Negate D - "The majority of Americans ARE willing to give up the right to travel without identification."

This proves false the whole argument the author is trying to makes,

I pick D.
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The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2007, 20:54
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The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

A. The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in
eastern European countries.
B. The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it
considers “dissidents.”
C. Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law.
D. The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to
travel and move about without identification.
E. Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

My question is which of these sentences is the main conclusion??
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Re: CR - Homeland Security [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 02:19
vineetgupta wrote:
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

A. The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in
eastern European countries.
B. The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it
considers “dissidents.”
C. Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law.
D. The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to
travel and move about without identification.
E. Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

My question is which of these sentences is the main conclusion??

I could not find a conclusion in the passage, any eagle eye guys might help.
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18 Aug 2007, 02:37
I would go with C.

C. Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law.

Though i am not totally confident on the essence of the passage, the other choices seems to be vague.
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Re: CR - Homeland Security [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 04:45
vineetgupta wrote:
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

A. The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in
eastern European countries.
B. The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it
considers “dissidents.”
C. Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law.
D. The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to
travel and move about without identification.
E. Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

My question is which of these sentences is the main conclusion??

A, B is out because it is out of context.

D contradicts the passage."In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable".

E is too extreme.

That leaves us with C.
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Re: CR - Homeland Security [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 06:51
I think the answer is D.

Author initially says that government's changes would require people ( who don't have the new license ) to carry equivalent of papers (these are the papers that could help to identify the citizen). So author assumes that citizens may not be willing to carry these papers and if they are forced to carry, they might just stay away from certain activities thus restricting their freedom. Hence I think the answer is D.

What is the OA?
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18 Aug 2007, 07:24
I would go with C. The conclusions is

Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.”
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19 Aug 2007, 16:24
I bet on C.

D is out because I do not like the future tense. The author has already assumed something here.
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19 Aug 2007, 16:58
OK i came down to C and D..

assumption tend to be more general..somehow reading the passage, it appears the assumption is that blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law

C it is..
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20 Aug 2007, 11:13
The OA is C...but my question is :
Which of the italicized sentences is the main conclusion??
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20 Aug 2007, 12:20
The main conclusion is In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable. I feel the OA is wrong and it has to be D. C does not even fit into an inference leave alone being an assumption
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20 Aug 2007, 22:51
Nope the main conclusion is

"Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American" because .....

The last line is the secondary conclusion

So C should be it
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20 Aug 2007, 23:36
vineetgupta wrote:
The OA is C...but my question is :
Which of the italicized sentences is the main conclusion??

I think both are conclusions. But I would go with the first one as the main one, because the second seems to be derived from the first .
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Re: CR - Homeland Security [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2007, 07:48
vineetgupta wrote:
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

A. The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in
eastern European countries.
B. The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it
considers “dissidents.”
C. Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law.
D. The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to
travel and move about without identification.
E. Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

My question is which of these sentences is the main conclusion??

The conclusion is that given the new travel requirement, Govt wants to act in totalitarian way by first restricting movements which eventually will lead to more limits on freedom.

As per the question asked ,
A - No talk of president election in the stem - Eliminate.
B- No mention of any dissidents in the stem - Eliminate.
C- No sign of blanket restriction. On the contrary it seems the restrictions are phased - Eliminate.
D- Yes..
E - This is a suggestion for further action not an assumption.
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22 Aug 2007, 10:37
AimHigher wrote:
Nope the main conclusion is

"Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American" because .....

The last line is the secondary conclusion

So C should be it

If the second conclusion id derived from the first,then shouldn't the second one be the main conclusion??
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The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 01:09
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The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

A) The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in eastern European countries.
B) The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it considers “dissidents.”
C) Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the traditions of American culture and law.
D) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.
E)Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

My question is how it is close to real GMAT
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The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal   [#permalink] 04 Jun 2008, 01:09

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