The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 24 Jan 2017, 03:37

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 348

Kudos [?]: 1925 [2] , given: 82

The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 10:08
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

70% (01:21) correct 30% (00:19) wrong based on 180 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to survive on the planet because of factors such as inadequate food supplies, harsh weather, and an inability to adapt to the changing environment.

A) an inability
B) that they were unable
C) because they were unable
D) being unable
E) Lacking an ability

good explanations will receive kudos!!
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 179 [2] , given: 99

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 11:30
2
KUDOS
Answer choice C is correct..
because XXXX and because in parallel construction
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

Last edited by skamal7 on 05 May 2013, 11:46, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Joined: 04 Sep 2012
Posts: 15
Location: India
WE: Marketing (Consumer Products)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 14

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 11:41
You cannot write "inadequate food supplies" and "harsh weather" along with "an inability to adapt to the changing environment".
Intern
Joined: 11 Dec 2012
Posts: 15
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Schools: HKUST '15 (S)
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [1] , given: 6

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 12:23
1
KUDOS
skamal7 wrote:
Answer choice C is correct..
because XXXX and because in parallel construction

Had there been an "and" between the two examples "inadequate food supplies" and "harsh weather", your logic would've made perfect sense. But because it isn't and the two examples do not refer directly to the dinosaurs, the same should be true for the third example - an inability to....

IMO, the answer is A.
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 179 [0], given: 99

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 12:28
Any solid reasons for elimination of choice E?
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

Intern
Joined: 11 Dec 2012
Posts: 15
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Schools: HKUST '15 (S)
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 6

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 12:42
skamal7 wrote:
Any solid reasons for elimination of choice E?

"Lacking an ability" does not clearly tell you who lacks the particular ability and is not parallel with the first two factors since it can refer directly to the dinosaurs while the first two do not. The correct usage of E would have been - "their lack of an ability".
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 179 [1] , given: 99

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 13:42
1
KUDOS
I think A should be right becoz when an articles like a,an,the is followed its a noun
Here in A An inabiity which is a noun and all the factors which are parallel are also noun..

So now leaning towards A
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 1445
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
GMAT 3: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.35
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Followers: 301

Kudos [?]: 1246 [0], given: 816

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 14:08
The inability is referring to the factor, so IMO
A should be the answer
_________________

ISB Preparation Kit | GMAT Debrief

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2012
Posts: 116
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 18 [2] , given: 57

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 18:12
2
KUDOS
I think its A.

The question ends with a list of factors A,B and C. Each of these factors is a noun preceded by an adjective ( noun phrase ) - inadequate food supplies, harsh weather and ....

The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to survive on the planet because of factors such as inadequate food supplies, harsh weather, and an inability to adapt to the changing environment.

A) an inability - It is a noun phrase which fits this sentence.
B) that they were unable - It is not parallel to the sentence structure.
C) because they were unable - parallelism breaks.
D) being unable - being unable is not correct. being seems to refer to present tense. The sentence already says that they failed to survive.
E) Lacking an ability - wordy, inability seems better.
Manager
Joined: 12 Dec 2012
Posts: 162
Location: Poland
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 176 [1] , given: 67

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2013, 02:39
1
KUDOS
Vercules wrote:
The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to survive on the planet because of factors such as inadequate food supplies, harsh weather, and an inability to adapt to the changing environment.

Somebody failed something because of factors such as: noun, noun, and noun.

A) an inability
Noun. Correct.
B) that they were unable
Not parallel.
C) because they were unable
Not parallel.
D) being unable
If: because of + being unable -> then correct. But we have: because of factors such as: being unable -> not parallel to the nouns in the list.
E) Lacking an ability
Gerund is noun but worse parallel to simple nouns in the list.
_________________

If I answered your question with this post, use the motivating power of kudos!

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 179 [0], given: 99

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2013, 03:43
If option E is stated as "The lacking an ability will that be right?
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

Manager
Joined: 12 Dec 2012
Posts: 162
Location: Poland
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 176 [0], given: 67

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2013, 05:05
skamal7 wrote:
If option E is stated as "The lacking an ability will that be right?

As I wrote
HumptyDumpty wrote:
Quote:
E) Lacking an ability

Gerund is a noun but worse parallel to simple nouns in the list.

_________________

If I answered your question with this post, use the motivating power of kudos!

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 179 [0], given: 99

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2013, 05:43
use of "the"makes it a noun i guess ,which should be perfectly parallel?please correct me if this is wrong!! thanks in advance
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

Manager
Joined: 13 Dec 2012
Posts: 110
GMAT 1: Q V
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 20 [1] , given: 19

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2013, 06:18
1
KUDOS
since the underlined portion is not covering "and" that means all factors mentioned constitute one single list . Therefore to maintain parallelism within all factors A option is best . E option is a verb , D option being is wrong ...that and because also break parallelism .

Hence Answer should be A .
Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 348

Kudos [?]: 1925 [1] , given: 82

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 May 2013, 03:40
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Nice explanation guys, updated the post with OA and OE

The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to survive on the planet because of factors such as inadequate food supplies, harsh weather, and an inability to adapt to the changing environment.

(A) an inability

CORRECT. The sentence contains a list of factors that kept the dinosaurs from surviving on Earth: "inadequate food supplies, harsh weather, and an inability to adapt to the changing environment." In lists of examples, all the examples must be parallel (in the same form). The list has, as its elements, nouns, which are parallel. Thus, this choice contains no error. If you understand the list, this is a pretty straightforward parallelism question.

(B) that they were unable

This choice a clause "that they were unable to communicate with Native Americans" is a part of the list instead of a noun, thus violating the parallelism.

(C) because they were unable

As in (B) this choice is incorrect because "and because they were unable to adapt …." is a clause rather than a noun, thus violating the parallelism.

(D) being unable

This choice is incorrect because "and being unable to ….." is a verb construction rather than a noun, thus violating the parallelism.

(E) Lacking an ability

This choice is incorrect because "and lacking ability to …." is a verb construction rather than a noun, thus violating the parallelism.

_________________

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10543
Followers: 920

Kudos [?]: 204 [0], given: 0

Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2014, 18:38
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2014, 18:38
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 In Egypt in the late Paleolithic period, 3 09 Jul 2016, 05:42
3 #Top150 SC: Although realizing late that it had failed to honor its 6 13 Dec 2015, 01:29
50 While many of the dinosaur fossils 15 11 Sep 2015, 02:23
6 Although realizing late that it had failed to honor its own stalwart 12 22 Mar 2014, 01:13
1 In Egypt in the late Paleolithic period, the climate 11 01 Jul 2008, 04:16
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# The dinosaurs in the late cretaceous period failed to

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.