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# The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets

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The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets [#permalink]  05 Apr 2012, 08:07
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

52% (01:34) correct 48% (00:43) wrong based on 67 sessions
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: og 138 [#permalink]  05 Apr 2012, 08:40
TomB wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

D is best.

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

Read through the same colored parts , they are the corresponding subject- verb pairs.

direction--> was (singular)
the earth and the other solid planets--> spin (plural)

hope this helps..!!
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Re: og 138 [#permalink]  05 Apr 2012, 10:01
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

So the first verb i see is "spins," and then I asked myself "what spins?" The "other solid planets" are spinning, and because the planets are plural, the verb should reflect that. That rules out answer choices A, B, and C because they use "spins" which would reflect a singular subject. That leaves D and E. I chose D since it's less wordy and I'm not too sure if you can say "determined as a result of"
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Re: og 138 [#permalink]  16 Apr 2012, 06:06
Swoosh617 wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

So the first verb i see is "spins," and then I asked myself "what spins?" The "other solid planets" are spinning, and because the planets are plural, the verb should reflect that. That rules out answer choices A, B, and C because they use "spins" which would reflect a singular subject. That leaves D and E. I chose D since it's less wordy and I'm not too sure if you can say "determined as a result of"

same doubt
so "as a result" or "by"
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Re: og 138 [#permalink]  16 Apr 2012, 09:49
Expert's post
A simple and methodical approach: There are two subjects namely 1. The singular ‘direction’ for the main clause and a compound and plural subject for the sub-clause ‘the Earth and the other solid planets’. Now we must match them with suitable verbs

The main verb has to be singular; therefore, ‘was determined’ is appropriate. A plural verb is required for the sub-clause; therefore, ‘spin’ is apt.

Only D and E have the combination of both these verbs. E is lost because a determination or solution itself is a result and therefore ‘determined as a result of’ is unduly superfluous and repetitive. ‘Determined by’ is the accepted idiom. D is the choice
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Re: og 138 [#permalink]  17 Apr 2012, 10:48
Swoosh617 wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

So the first verb i see is "spins," and then I asked myself "what spins?" The "other solid planets" are spinning, and because the planets are plural, the verb should reflect that. That rules out answer choices A, B, and C because they use "spins" which would reflect a singular subject. That leaves D and E. I chose D since it's less wordy and I'm not too sure if you can say "determined as a result of"

Right, you got it - once you break this down it is quite easy. SC often punishes those who pick "wordier" answers - IMO determined and as a result of are repetitive, since you can only determine something as a result of some process, so "determined by" will suffice.

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars— spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

1) The direction (singular) in which blah blah blah blah blah *was* (must also be singular) determined.
2) The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars- spin (must be plural because it refers to multiple planets) blah blah blah
3) determined from collisions with blah blah blah. Here, the correct phrasing is "determined as a result of," but that can be shortened to "determined by," which gives us the most concise sentence.
Re: og 138   [#permalink] 17 Apr 2012, 10:48
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