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The distance between the two runners, which is over 50 [#permalink]
18 Jun 2012, 21:47
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61% (01:24) correct
39% (00:07) wrong based on 23 sessions
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The distance between the two runners, which is over 50 meters, cannot be made up with only three laps to go in the race.
A)The distance between the two runners, which is over 50 meters B) The distance between the two runners, who is over 50 meters C) The distance between the two runners, whom is over 50 meters D) The distance between the two runners, that is over 50 meters E) The distance between the two runners, whoever is over 50 meters
B, C, and E are thrown out because the relative pronoun is referring to the distance and not the runners.
My question: Why is which preferred over that in this situation? Isn't the information that the distance is over 50 meters necessary? "That" would restrict the distance to "50 meters".
Re: Which/That ? detailing measure of distance between runners [#permalink]
18 Jun 2012, 23:34
You may have overlooked it, but your example with "that" omits the word over and that changes the meaning of the sentence. The answer choices did not omit over.
I tried to poke holes in my answer choice of "that" and this is what I came up with:
The distance between two runners, which is over 50 meters, cannot be made up with only three laps to go in the race. The distance between two runners, that is over 50 meters cannot be made up with only three laps to go in the race.
Ignore which and that, but instead pay attention to "cannot be made up with only three laps to go in the race." The meaning of the sentence does not change whether or not we include details about the distance. It is stated that it cannot be made up so non restrictive seems appropriate.
Another huge thing that I did not even notice till now is the usage of commas. The comma preceding that is incorrect!!! I cannot believe I missed such an easy tell.
Yup, i have the same q. Which always modifies the one which is right before it? Don't it? In this case it is two runners.
Which modifies the noun or noun phrase immediately before it.
Because "which is" cannot modify the plural "runners" it modifies the entire phrase "the distance between two runners"
Compare to "The speed of the car, which is 50 miles per hour,..." This sentence likely would not appear in a correct GMAT answer, because the "which is" could refer grammatically to both "the car" and to "the speed of the car." _________________
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