the distance between the two runners, which is over 50 : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# the distance between the two runners, which is over 50

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Intern
Joined: 27 Jan 2008
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the distance between the two runners, which is over 50 [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2008, 22:17
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[b]the distance between the two runners, which is over 50 meters,[/b] cannot be made up with only three laps to go in the race.

a. the distance between the two runners, which is over 50 meters
b.the distance between the two runners, who is over 50 meters
c.the distance between the two runners, whom is over 50 meters
d. the distance between the two runners, that is over 50 meters
e. the distance between the two runners, whoever is over 50 meters

THE only choices that are debatable are a and d. I thought I knew the difference between that and which but not anymore. any suggestions?
If you have any questions
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Intern
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Re: powerscore sc that vs which [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2008, 22:30
I dont understand the difference between that and which. why is d WRONG? QA is A
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Re: powerscore sc that vs which [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2008, 22:53
enginpasa1 wrote:
I dont understand the difference between that and which. why is d WRONG? QA is A

Because that should not have a comma preceding it.
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Re: powerscore sc that vs which [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2008, 01:45
i dont understand. that clearly refers to the runners. so whats the problem. I am getting stuck on this type of problem alot.
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Re: powerscore sc that vs which [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2008, 02:06
a. the distance between the two runners, which is over 50 meters[Hold it]

b.the distance between the two runners, who is over 50 meters[“who” incorrectly modifies two runners – eliminate it]

c.the distance between the two runners, whom is over 50 meters[“who” incorrectly modifies two runners – eliminate it]

d. the distance between the two runners, that is over 50 meters[incorrect that formation – “that” – hold it]

e. the distance between the two runners, whoever is over 50 meters[pronoun issue – eliminate it]

The answer depends upon what you would like to stress in the sentence - is it distance over 50 meter or distance cannot be made up.

Per se, if you would like to stress “the distance is over 50 meter" that cannot be covered in three laps, then you require a restrictive sentence formation.

The distance between the two runners that is over 50 meters cannot be made up with only three laps to go in the race.

Above sentence clearly implies since the distance between two runners cannot be made because it is 50 meters.

Per se, If you want to just emphasize, the distance between two runners cannot be made up then you need following formation:

The distance between the two runners, which is over 50 meters, cannot be made up with only three laps to go in the race.

Even if you remove “which is over 50 meters”, the sentence is still valid.

The distance between the two runners cannot be made up with only three laps to go in the race.
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Re: powerscore sc that vs which [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2008, 13:27
A it is.

"which" is used to provide additional information which is not necessary for the sentence to hold its true meaning. Also, "which" is always preceded by a comma.

"that" is used to provide information that is neceserray for the sentence to hold its original meaning or make unambegious sense. "that" is never preceded by a comma.
Re: powerscore sc that vs which   [#permalink] 05 Feb 2008, 13:27
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