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The earth s resources are being depleted much too fast. To [#permalink]
01 Oct 2004, 07:36
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The earthâ€™s resources are being depleted much too fast. To correct this, the United States must keep its resource consumption at present levels for many years to come.
1. The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Per capita resource consumption in the United States is at an all-time high.
(B) The United States wastes resources.
(C) The United States uses more resources than any other country.
(D) The United States imports most of the resources it uses.
(E) Curbing U.S. resource consumption will significantly retard world resource depletion.
2. Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?
(A) New resource deposits are constantly being discovered.
(B) The United States consumes one-third of all resources used in the world.
(C) Other countries need economic development more than the United States does.
(D) Other countries have agreed to hold their resource consumption at present levels.
(E) The United States has been conserving resources for several years.
1. C. Seems like this is wrong. C and E were the final contenders. I had chosen C, since E seemed like a explicitly said conclusion, rather than an assumption. An assumption should not be explicitly stated in the statemene.
2. B. ACD are out of scope. Even E is out of scope. There is no intimation about conserving resources. We were just told that if US keeps the consumption rate at where it is today, the "earth's" resources will not be depleted too fast.
Proabably no one is and will need to conserve. It is just enough if US does not increase consumption.
My analysis is that..
1. E - because, if you negate E, the stimulus falls flat. Author clearly assumes US is the issue and what they do to the resource depletion can have the right impact.
2. B. Why? Look at the choices
The stimulus identifies a problem - which is - earth's resources are depleted
The stimulus suggests a solution - US should not consume more than what it is presently consuming or stay at their current consumption
A - out of scope. Where is it discovered - Is it in the US? We dont know.
C - What?
D - Great. So, should US hold their consumption because of this reason alone. May be a good reason, but need not be
E - The choice says US have been conserving. The author says US should hold off any further consumption - this means US has NOT been conserving thus far. The choice does not strengthen the suggestion by the author.
B - Only choice that identifies the lions share of US. What if US was consuming 1/20 th of the world consumption or 1/800 th of the world consumption - will that impact depletion? Sure No.
Ok, now coming back to the authors suggestion - author is pointing to the US in specific and is convinced that US consumption will have the MOST impact. So, B strengthen the author's suggestion - You can hear the author say that US is the problem and B rightly identifies that US is the problem.
My only problem with B being the choice for #2 is that you should not need to rely on outside knowledge to answer one of these questions, all the information you need to know should be in the CR, what if the U.S. was 1/2 the worlds population and they were using 1/3 the worlds resources, than they would be viewed as conserving resources.